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Glossary of Exploring Medical Language Chapter 3

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anter/o
front
caud/o
tail (downward)
cephal/o
head (upward)
dist/o
away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
dors/o
back
infer/o
below
later/o
side
medi/o
middle
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
near (the point of attachment of a body part)
super/o
above
ventr/o
belly (front)
bi-
two
uni-
one
ad
toward
ior
pertaining to
anterior (ant)
pertaining to the front
posterior
pertaining to the back
inferior
pertaining to below
superior
pertaining to above
distal
pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
proximal
pertaining to near (from the point of attachment of a body part)
dorsal
pertaining to the back
ventral
pertaining to the belly (front)
caudal
pertaining to the tail
cephalic
pertaining to the head
anteroposterior (AP)
pertaining to the front and back
posteroanterior (PA)
pertaining to the back and front
lateral
pertaining to a side
medial (med)
pertaining to the middle
unilateral
pertaining to one side only
bilateral
pertaining to two sides
mediolateral
pertaining to the middle and the side
mediad
toward the middle
cephalad
toward the head
frontal plane
virtical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
coronal plane
virtical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal
vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides
midsagittal
divides the body into right and left halves
transverse
horizontal field dividing the body into upper and lower portions
umbilical region (1)
around the navel
epigastric region (1)
directly above the umbilical region
hypogastric region (1)
directly below the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions (2)
to the right and left of the epigastric regions
lumbar regions (2)
to the right and left of the umbilical region
iliac regions (2)
to the right and left of the hypogastric region
RUQ
right upper quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
RLQ
Right lower quadrant
LLQ
Left lower quadrant
ant
anterior
AP
anteroposterior
inf
inferior
lat
lateral
med
medial
PA
posteroanterior
sup
superior

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