Glossary of European History Chapter 5, Section 2

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Voltaire's humorous novel about a character who travels across the world looking for the perfect society


My idea of a perfect society is one full of "Candide" apples!
Hapsburg emperor who continued reforms in Austria and was called "peasant emperor" because he traveled in disguise among his subjects
Joseph II
German composer who wrote music for organ and choir

Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann wrote music "Bach" in the day!
German composer who wrote the Messiah

George Frederick Handel

He "steered" the Messiah into being a famous work; people couldn't "Handel" how good it was!
Composer who changed European music, died in poverty at 35

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart wrote the "most art"!
English novelist who wrote Robinson Crusoe

Daniel Defoe

In Robinson Crusoe, "De-foe" was "de" desert island!
Restricting access to ideas and information

Informal gatherings where artists exchanged ideas


Salons = where all the gossip is exchanged
Absolute monarch who used power to make social changes
Enlightened despot
Grand artistic style from the 1600s and 1700s


If it ain't Baroque, don't fix it!
A style of art that was personal and charming


Ro-"cocoa" is simple and charming!
Explain how censorship and salons affected the spread of new ideas.
Censorship caused writers to disguise their ideas in works of fiction. Salons brought thinkers together, and allowed them to discuss and come up with ideas together.
What were the goals of enlightened despots?
To use their absolute power for the social good by creating reforms.
How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature, and the lives of the majority?
The Enlightenment brought about ordered, structured forms in music and prose. For the lives of the majority, nothing changed. Peasants' rights and culture changed very slowly.
What did Frederick II mean when he said, "In my kingdom, everyone can go to heaven in his own fashion?" How did his actions reflect that idea?
He meant that he respected and tolerated many different religious beliefs. He showed this by allowing refugees from religious persecution into Prussia.
How did the Enlightenment bring together ideas of both the Renaissance and the Reformation?
The Enlightenment brought together the developments of reason and method of the Renaissance and the practice of making enormous social changes from the Reformation.

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