Glossary of European History Chapter 5, Section 2
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- Voltaire's humorous novel about a character who travels across the world looking for the perfect society
My idea of a perfect society is one full of "Candide" apples!
- Hapsburg emperor who continued reforms in Austria and was called "peasant emperor" because he traveled in disguise among his subjects
- Joseph II
- German composer who wrote music for organ and choir
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann wrote music "Bach" in the day!
- German composer who wrote the Messiah
George Frederick Handel
He "steered" the Messiah into being a famous work; people couldn't "Handel" how good it was!
- Composer who changed European music, died in poverty at 35
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Mozart wrote the "most art"!
- English novelist who wrote Robinson Crusoe
In Robinson Crusoe, "De-foe" was "de" desert island!
- Restricting access to ideas and information
- Informal gatherings where artists exchanged ideas
Salons = where all the gossip is exchanged
- Absolute monarch who used power to make social changes
- Enlightened despot
- Grand artistic style from the 1600s and 1700s
If it ain't Baroque, don't fix it!
- A style of art that was personal and charming
Ro-"cocoa" is simple and charming!
- Explain how censorship and salons affected the spread of new ideas.
- Censorship caused writers to disguise their ideas in works of fiction. Salons brought thinkers together, and allowed them to discuss and come up with ideas together.
- What were the goals of enlightened despots?
- To use their absolute power for the social good by creating reforms.
- How did the Enlightenment affect arts and literature, and the lives of the majority?
- The Enlightenment brought about ordered, structured forms in music and prose. For the lives of the majority, nothing changed. Peasants' rights and culture changed very slowly.
- What did Frederick II mean when he said, "In my kingdom, everyone can go to heaven in his own fashion?" How did his actions reflect that idea?
- He meant that he respected and tolerated many different religious beliefs. He showed this by allowing refugees from religious persecution into Prussia.
- How did the Enlightenment bring together ideas of both the Renaissance and the Reformation?
- The Enlightenment brought together the developments of reason and method of the Renaissance and the practice of making enormous social changes from the Reformation.
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