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Glossary of Essential Latin

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amō, amāre, amāvī, amātus
to love
capiō, capere, cēpī, captus
to take, seize
dicō, dicere, dīxī, dictus
to speak, say
dō, dare, dedī, datus
to give
sum, esse, fuī, futūrus
to be
moneō, monēre, monuī, monētus
to warn
eō, īre, iī (īvī), itus
to go
ferō, ferre, tulī, lātus
to bear, carry, bring
fīō, fierī, factus
to become; be made, be done
inquam
I say
volō, velle, voluī
to want, wish
nōlō, nōlle, nōluī
to not want, be unwilling, refuse
mālō, mālle, māluī
to prefer, want more
possum, posse, potuī
to be able
imperō, imperāre, imperāvī, imperātus
to order, command
iūrō, iūrāre, iūrāvī, iūrātus
to swear an oath
probō, probāre, probāvī, probātus
to approve
putō, putāre, putāvī, putātus
to think, suppose
stō, stāre, stetī, status
to stand
vocō, vocāre, vocāvī, vocātus
to call, summon, name
appellō, appellāre, appellāvī, appellātus
to speak to, name
debeō, debēre, debuī, debitus
to owe, be obliged
habeō, habēre, habuī, habitus
to have, hold, keep
moveō, movēre, mōvī, mōtus
to move
teneō, tenēre, tenuī, tentus
to hold, keep
videō, vidēre, vīdī, vīsus
to see, look at; (pass.) seem
vereor, verērī, veritus
to fear
agō, agere, ēgī, āctus
to drive, do
crēdō, crēdere, crēdidī, crēditus
to believe, entrust, lend
dūcō, dūcere, dūxī, ductus
to lead
gerō, gerere, gessī, gestus
to carry, wear; bear
incipiō, incipere, incēpī, inceptus
to begin
interficiō, interficere, interfēcī, interfectus
to kill, destroy
mittō, mittere, mīsī, missus
to send
occīdō, occīdere, occīdī, occīsus
to cut down, kill
petō, petere, petīvī (petiī), petītus
to seek, ask for, aim at, attack
pōnō, pōnere, posuī, positus
to put, place
regō, regere, rēxī, rēctus
to rule, keep straight
vīvō, vīvere, vīxī, vīctus
to live, be alive
loquor, loquī, locūtus
to speak, talk, say
sequor, sequī, secūtus
to follow
ūtor, ūtī, ūsus
to use
audiō, audīre, audīvī (audiī), audītus
to hear, listen to
sciō, scīre, scīvī, scītus
to know
veniō, venīre, vēnī, ventus
to come
īdem, eadem, idem
the same
ille, illa, illud
that, he, she, it
ipse, ipsa, ipsud
self, himself
is, ea, id
he, she, it, this, that
iste, ista, istud
that of yours
nēmō, nēminis
no one
nihil (nīl)
(n.) nothing
quī, quae, quod
who, which, that, what, who? what? (rel.)
quīdam, quaeam, quoddam
a certain
quis, quid
who? what? anyone, anything
quisque, quaeque, quodque
each, every
himself, herself, itself, themselves (ref.)
vōs
you (pl.)
nōs
we, us
atque, ac
and, and in fact
an
or, perhaps
aut
or; either ... or
autem
but, on the other hand
deinde (dein)
from there, next
dum
while
enim
yes, truly, in fact (conj.)
nam
for, for example, now (conj.)
not; that not, lest (conj.)
nec, neque
not; and not (conj.)
-que
and (encl.)
quia
because (conj.)
quod
because (conj.)
sed
but
if
tamen
however
ut (utī)
as (rel. conj.)
vel
or; either ... or
ā, ab (abs tē)
(+abl.) from, by
cum
(+abl.) with; (conj.) when, whenever, since, as soon as, although
(+abl.) down from, from, about
ē, ex
(+abl.) from
prō
(+abl.) in front of, for, on behalf of
sine
(+abl.) without
ad
(+acc.) to, towards, for the purpose of
ante
(+acc.) before (adv.) before
contrā
(+acc.) against, opposite
inter
(+acc.) between, among
per
(+acc.) through, during
post
(+acc.) after, behind; (adv.) behind, after, next
trāns
(+acc.) across, over
in
(+abl.) in, on, at; (+acc.) into, on to, to, towards
sub
(+abl.) under, beneath; (+acc.) under, up to, before
haud (haut, hau)
not, not at all
iam
already, now
inde
from there, from that, ever since
ita
thus, so
modo
only, at all, just (+imp.)
nōn
not, no
nōndum
not yet
nunc
now
quam
how? how much? as, than
satis (sat)
enough, sufficient
tam
so, so much
ubī (ubi)
where? where, when
unde
from where, whence
alter, altera, alterum
the one, the other (of two), second
neuter, neutra, neutrum
neither of two
nullus, nulla, nullum
none
alius, alia, aliud
other
tōtus, tōta, tōtum
all
sōlus, sōla, sōlum
alone
ullus, ulla, ullum
any
ūnus, ūna, ūnum
one
uter, utra, utrum
which of two?
uterque, utraque, utrumque
each of two, either
causa, causae (caussa, caussae)
cause, reason
glōria, glōriae
glory
terra, terrae
earth, ground, land
aequus, aequa, aequum
equal, level
amīcus, amīcī (amīca, amīcae)
friend
animus, animī
mind, spirit
annus, annī
year
bellum, bellī
war
bonus, bona, bonum
good
certus, certa, certum
sure, certain, fixed
dīgnus, dīgna, dīgnum
worth, worthy, proper
fīlius, fīlī (fīliī) (fīlia, fīliae)
son (f. daughter)
imperium, imperī (imperiī)
command, order
ingenium, ingenī (ingeniī)
nature, bent, character
iūdicium, iūdicī (iūdiciī)
trial, court of justice
līber, lībera, līberum
free
locus, locī (pl. locī, loca)
place, site
longus, longa, longum
long
māgnus, māgna, māgnum
great
meus, mea, meum
my, mine
modus, modī
measure, size, way, method
multus, multa, multum
much, many
nātus, nāta, nātum
born, made (for)
noster, nostra, nostrum
our, ours
novus, nova, novum
new, young
parvus, parva, parvum
small
populus, populī
people
prīmus, prīma, prīmum
first, tip of, earliest
prīncipium, prīncipī (prīncipiī)
beginning, origin
pūblicus, pūblica, pūblicum
public, common
quantus, quanta, quantum
how great, so great as
rēgnum, rēgnī
kingdom
salvus, salva, salvum
safe
suus
his, her, its, their
tantus, tanta, tantum
so great, so little
tuus, tua, tuum
your, yours (sing.)
vērus, vēra, vērum
true
vester, vestra, vestrum
your, yours (pl.)
vir, virī
man, husband
domus, domūs (domī)
(f.) home, house
diēs, diēī
(m.) day
adulēscēns, adulēscentis
young man or woman
cīvis, cīvis
fellow citizen
fidēs, fidēī
(f.) trust, faith
faciō, facere, fēcī, factus
to make, create, do
rēs, reī
(f.) thing, matter
corpus, corporis
(n.) body
crīmen, crīminis
(n.) accusation, charge, crime
dux, ducis
(m.) leader
facilis, facilis, facile
easy
gēns, gentis
(f.) clan, family, race
gravis, gravis, grave
heavy
homō, hominis
human being, man
hostis, hostis
enemy
iūs, iūris
(n.) law
māter, mātris
mother
mīles, mīlitis
soldier
mors, mortis
(f.) death
mulier, mulieris
woman, wife
nōmen, nōminis
(n.) name
omnis, omnis, omne
all, every
ops, opis
(f.) aid; (pl.) resources
ōrdō, ōrdinis
(m.) line, row, line of soldiers
pars, partis
(f.) part
pater, patris
father
potestās, potestātis
(f.) power, ability
quālis, quālis, quāle
what kind of? of what sort
rēx, rēgis
king
similis, similis, simile
like, similar
sōl, sōlis
(m.) sun
tālis, tālis, tāle
such
tempus, temporis
(n.) time
urbs, urbis
(f.) city
uxor, uxōris
wife
virtūs, virtūtis
(f.) courage, valor, virtue
vīs
(f.) force, violence, power; (pl.) strength
vulnus, vulneris
(n.) wound
abeō, abīre, abiī, abitus
to go away, depart
absum, abesse, abfuī
to be away, absent
āmittō, āmittere, āmīsī, āmissus
to let go, lose
accipiō, accipere, accēpī, acceptus
to take, receive
addūcō, addūcere, addūxī, adductus
to take, bring to
adeō, adīre, adiī, aditus
to go to, approach
adsum, adesse, adfuī
to be present
afficiō, afficere, affēcī, affectus (also adficiō, etc.)
to affect
afferō, affere, attulī, allātus (also adferō, adferre, attulī, adlātus)
to bring, carry to
cōgō, cōgere, coēgī, coāctus
to collect, gather together
condō, condere, condidī, conditus
to build, found; put away
cōnferō, cōnferre, cōntulī, cōnlātus
to gather together, collect
committō, committere, commīsī, commissus
to join, connect
cōnstō, cōnstāre, cōnstitī, cōnstātus
to stand together, agree
contineō, continēre, continuī, contentus
to hold, keep together
dēcipiō, dēcipere, dēcēpī, dēceptus
to deceive, ensnare
dēdūcō, dēdūcere, dēdūxī, dēductus
to bring down, lead away
dēpōnō, dēpōnere, dēposuī, dēpositus
to lay down, set aside, put away
dīmittō, dīmittere, dīmīsī, dīmissus
to send away
exigō, exigere, exēgī, exāctus
to drive out, thrust
excipiō, excipere, excēpī, exceptus
to take out, remove
ēdūcō, ēdūcere, ēdūxī, ēductus
to draw out, bring away
efficiō, efficere, effēcī, effectus
to make, accomplish, cause
efferō, efferre, extulī, ēlātus
to bring out, carry out, raise
ēveniō, ēvenere, ēvēnī, ēventus
to come out
expōnō, expōnere, exposuī, expositus
to set out, put out
indūcō, indūcere, indūxī, inductus
to bring in, lead on
ineō, inīre, iniī, initus
to go in, come in
inferō, inferre, intulī, illātus
to carry in, put on, move forward
invideō, invidēre, invīdī, invīsus
to envy, begrudge (+dat.)
intermittō, intermittere, intermīsī, intermissus
to break off, interrupt, pause
occupō, occupāre, occupāvī, occupātus
to occupy, seize
obeō, obīre, obiī, obitus
to go to, meet, visit, die
offerō, offere, obtulī, oblātus
to show, bring foward
ōmittō, ōmittere, ōmīsī, ōmissus
to let go, leave off
obtineō, obtinēre, obtinuī, obtentus
to hold, maintain, gain
percipiō, percipere, percēpī, perceptus
to take, gather in, understand
perdō, perdere, perdidī, perditus
to ruin, lose
pereō, perīre, periī, peritus
to be lost, die
perferō, perferre, pertulī, perlātus
to carry through, endure
perficiō, perficere, perfēcī, perfectus
to carry out, finish
permittō, permittere, permīsī, permissus
to let go, concede
persequor, persequī, persecūtus
to pursue, perform
pertineō, pertinēre, pertinuī
to reach, belong
perveniō, pervenīre, pervēnī, perventus
to come to, arrive
praeferō, praeferre, praetulī, praelātus
to hold out, prefer
praeficiō, praficere, praefēcī, praefectus
to put in charge
praebeō, praebēre, praebuī, praebitus
to hold out, proffer
praemittō, praemittere, praemīsī, praemissus
to send in advance
praestō, praestāre, praestitī, praestitus
to be outstanding
praesum, praeesse, praefuī
to be at the head of (+dat.)
prōdūcō, prōdūcere, prōdūxī, prōductus
to bring forward, extend
prōferō, prōferre, prōtulī, prōlātus
to bring forward, forth or out, enlarge
prōhibeō, prōhibēre, prōhibuī, prōhibitus
to hinder, keep away
prōmittō, prōmittere, prōmīsī, prōmissus
to let go, promise
prōpōnō, prōpōnere, prōposuī, prōpositus
to set forth, display, declare
recipiō, recipere, recēpī, receptus
to take back, regain
reddō, reddere, reddidī, redditus
to give back, return

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