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Glossary of Endocrine System: Hormones

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Adrenal Androgens
Gland: Adrenal Cortex (Adrenal Glands)Target Tissue: Most tissues Response; Insignificant in males, increase females sex drive, pubic and axillary hair growth 
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Adrenal Cortex Response: Increases secretion of glucocorticoid hormones such as cortisoli, Increases skin pigmentation at high concentrations 
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) 
Gland: Posterior Pituitary gland Target Tissue: Kidney
Response: Increases water reabsorption (less water is lost as urine) 
Calcitonin
Gland: Thyroid Gland Target Tissue: Primary Bone Response: Decreases rate of breakdown of bone, prevents large increase in blood calcium levels
Epinephrine (mostly, some Norepinephrine)
Gland:Adrenal Medulla (Adrenal Glands) Target Tissue: Heart, Blood Vessels, Liver, Fat Cells Response: Increase cardiac output, Increase blood flow to skeletal muscles/ heart, increase release release of Glucose/ Fatty acids into blood, in
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Follicles in Ovaries in female, Seminiferous Tubules in male Response: Follicle maturation and estrogen secretion in ovaries, Spermatogeneis in testis   
Glucagon 
Gland: Pancreas Target Tissue: Primarily liver Response: Increases breakdown of glucogen, relasease of glucose into the circulatory system 
Glucocorticoids (Cortisol)
Gland: Adrenal Cortex (Adrenal gland)Target Tissue: most tissue( Ex:liver, fat, Skeleral muscle, immune tissue)Response: Increase fat/ protein breakdown, increase glucose synthesis from amino acids, increase blood nutrient levels, inhalbi
Growth Hormone
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target tissue: Most Tissue Response: Increase protein synthesis, breakdown of lipids and release of fatty acids from cell; increase blood glucose levels 
Insulin
Gland: Pancreas Target tissue: Especially liver, skeletal muscle fat tissue Response: Increases uptake and use of glucose and amino acid 
Luteinizing hormone (LH) or Interstitial cell Stimulating
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Ovaries in females, testis in males Response: Ovulation and Progesterone production in ovaries, testosterone synthesis and support for sperm production in testis
Melanocyte-Stimulating hormone (MSH)
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Melancytes in skin Response: Increase melanin production in melanocytes to make the skin darker in color 
Melatonin
Gland: Pineal Body Target tissue: At least the Hypothalamus Response: Inhibits secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormone, there by inhibiting reproduction.
Mineralococorticoids (Aldosterone)
Gland: Adrenal Cortex (adrenal gland)Target Tissue: Kidneys, to lesser degree, intestine and sweat glands Response: increase rate of sodium transport into body, increase rate of potassium excertion secondarily favor water retention 
Oxytocin
Gland: Posterior Pituitary gland Target Tissue: Uterus, Mammary glands Response:Uterus- Increases uterine contractions Mammary glands- Increases milk "let down" from Mammary gland 
Parathyroid Hormone
Gland: Parathyroid glands Target Tissue: Bone, Kidney Response: Increases rate of bone breakdown by osteoclasts; Increases Vitamin D synthesis, Essential for maintenance of normal blood levels of calcium
Prolactin
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Ovary and Mammary gland in female, Testis in male Response- Milk production in women, Increases sensitivity to Luteinizing hormone in male 
Reproductive Organ: Estrogen/ Progesterone
Glands: Ovaries Target tissue: Most cells Response: Aid in uterine and Mammary gland development and function, external genitalia structure secondary sexual characteristics, sexual behavoir, and menstrual cycle 
Reproductive Organ: Prostaglandisns
Gland: Uterus, Ovaries, inflamed tissues Target tissue: Most Tissues Response: Mediate inflammatory responses, increase uterine contractions, ovulation, and more
Reproductive Organ: Testosterone
Gland: Testis Target Tissue: Most cells Response: Aid in spermatogenesis, maintenance of functional reproductive organs, secondary sexual characteristics, sexual behavoir 
Thymosin
Gland: Thymus gland Target Tissue: Immune Tissue Response: Immune system development and function 
Thyroid-Hormone
Gland: Thyroid Gland Target Tissue: Most cells of the body Response: Increase metabolic rate, essential for normal process of growth and maturation
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (THS) 
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Thyroid gland Response: Increases Thyroid hormone secretion 
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (THS)
Gland: Anterior pituitary gland Target Tissue: Thyroid gland Response: Increases Thyroid hormone secretion



Gland: Anterior pituitary gland.

Target Tissue: Thyroid gland

Response: Increases thyroid hormone secretion



Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

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