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Glossary of EAWS

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Describe the term inertia?
Inertia is the willingness of an object to remain at rest or to continue in motion unless acted upon by an outside force.
describe the term acceleration?
the rate of change of the speed and or velocity of matter with time.

. if our ship is moving at 10 knots is moving at 18 knots one hour from now and 21 knots 2 hours from now it si said to be accelerationg at a rate of 3 knots per hour.
what is the term speed?
the rate of movement or motion in a given amt of time. speed is the term used when only the rate of movement is meant. if the rate of movement of a ship is 14 knots we say its speed is 14 knotsper hour.
what is velocity?
velocity is the quickness or speed of an object in a given time, such as mph
107 aviation

Define newtons first law?
According to newtons 1st law of motion (inertia), an object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will continue in motion unless acted on by an outside force.
107 avaiation

define newtons second law?
2nd law of motion is FORCEm states that if an object moving at a uniform speed is acted on by an external force the change in motion will be directly proportional to amt of forece and inversely proportional to mass of object being moved.
107 avaiation

define newtons 3rd law?
3rd law is ACTION AND REACTION states that for every action there is an obisite and equal rection.
107 avaiation

what is bernoullis prioncipal?
states that when a fluid is flowing through a tube reaches a narrowing of tube the speed of the fluid passing through the narrowing is increased and pressure is decreased.
107 avaiation

what is a wind warning and its effect on aviation?
1 knot = 1.1 mph
adequet and timely weather/wind warning coupled w/ prompt effective action by commanders concerned will minimize loss and damage.
1)small craft -harbor and inland waters warning for winds, 33knots of less of concern to small craft.
2)gale- warning for harbour,inland waters and ocean areas for winds of 34-47 knots.
3) storm warning for harbor, inland waters, and ocean areas, for winds of 48 knots of greater.
107 aviation

discuss thunderstorm/tornado warnings?
tunderstorms are small scale storms, produced by a cumulonimbus cloud and accompanied by lightning/thunder.
a tornado is a violently rotating column of air usually in form of funnel, very violent/destructive, its winds can reach 100-250 knots.
1)thunderstorm warning- thunrderstaomr is within 3miles of airfield
2) severe thunderstorm warning- thunderstorms with wind gusts to 50 knots or greater and hailof 3/4 or greater in diameter.
3) tornado warning- tornador hhave been detected by radar or have strong potential to develop.
107 aviation
describe lift?
the force that acts, in an upward direction, to support aircraft in air, it conteracts effects of weight, lift must be greater or equal to weight for plane to get off ground.
107 aviation
describe weight?
the force of gravity acting downward on the aircraft
107 aviation
describe drag?
. the force that tends to hold the aircraft back.
. caused by a disruption in air about the winds, fusealauge, or body
107 aviation
describe longitudinal axis?
. an imaginary reference line running down the center of the aircraft between the nose and the tail. the axis about which roll occours.
107 aviation

describe lateral axis?
. an imaginary reference line running parallel to the wings and about which pitch occours.
107 aviation

describe vertical axis?
- an imaginary reference line running from the top to the bottom of aircraft. the movement associated w/ this axis is yaw.
107 aviation

What is pitch?
pitch is the movement of aircraft about its lateral axis. the up and down motion of the nose of the aircraft.
107 aviation

what is Yaw?
Yaw is the movement of the aircraft about its vertical axis. The drift, or right or left moveemtn of the nose of the aircraft.
107 aviation

What is Roll?
Roll is the movement of the aircraft about its longitudinal axis. The movement of the wing tips; oneup and the other down.
107 aviation

What is purpos of the primary flight controls for FIXED WING AIRCRAFT?
1) Later control (elevator)
2) Longitudinal control (AILERON)
3) Directional Control (RUDDER)
107 aviation

State the purpose of the primary flight controls for Rotary Wing Aircraft?
1) Cyclic Pitch
2) collective pitch
3) rotary rudder
107 aviation

State purpose of the following flight control surfaces; the flap?
- gives aircraft extra lift.

- purpose to reduce landing speed, thereby shortening length of the landing rollout.
- serves to reduce the length of the takeoff run.
107 aviation

State purpose of the following flight control surfaces; spoiler?
-used to decrease wing lift
107 aviation

State purpose of the following flight control surfaces; speed brakes?
hinged or moveable control surfaces used for reducing speed of aircraft

- also used to reduce speed of plane before landing
107 aviation

State purpose of the following flight control surfaces; slats?
- slats are moveable control surfaces attatche dto the leading edge of the wing.
- at low airspeeds it improves the lateral control handling characteristics, allowing the aircraft to be controlled at airspeedsbelow the normal landing speeds. this is known as boundry layer control, boundry layer control is intended primaryaly for use during operations from carriers that is catapult takeoffs and arrested landings.
107 aviation

State purpose of the following flight control surfaces; horizontal stabilizer?
provides stability of aircraft about its lateral axis. this is longitudinal stability. serves as base to which elevators are attatched.
107 aviation

State purpose of the following flight control surfaces; tail rotor?
- mounted vertically on outer portion of helicopters tail section. the tail rotor counteracts the torque action of the main rotor by producing thrust in opposite direction. the tail rotor also controls the yawing action of the helicopter.
107 aviation

Explain the term angle of attack?
- the angle at which a body, such as airfoil or fusealage, meets a flow of air.
107 aviation

Explain the term autorotation?
a method of aloowing a helicopter to land saftely from altitude without using engine power by making use of the reversed airflow up through the rotor system to reduce the rate of descent.
107 aviation

state the component sof a basic hydraulic system?
1. a resivoir to hold a supply of hydraulic fluid
2. a pump to provide a flow of fluid
3. tubing to transmit the system
4. a selector valve to direct the flow of fluid
5. an acctuating unit to convert the fluid pressure into useful work.
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, HC ?
- HC = helicopter combat support
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, HCS ?
- hcs= helicopter combat support special squadron
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, HM ?
-HM = helicopter mine countermeasure
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, HS ?
- HS = helicopter antisubmarine
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, HSL ?
- HSL = helicopter antisub light
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, HT ?
- HT = helicopter training
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VAQ?
- VAQ= tactical electronic warfare
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VAW?
- VAW = carrier airborne early warning
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VC ?
- VC = fleet composite
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VF ?
- VF = fighter
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VFA ?
- VFA = strike fighter
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VMFA ?
- VMFA = marine fighter attack
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VP ?
- VP = patrol
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VQ ?
- VQ = fleet air reconisance
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VR ?
- VR = aircraft logistics support
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VRC ?
- VRC = carrier logistics suport
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VS ?
- VS = carrier antisub warfare
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VT ?
- VT = training
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VX/VXE ?
- VX/VXE = air test and evaluation
109 naval aircraft

what is primary mission of the aircraft community, VXE ?
- VXE = antartic development
109 naval aircraft

what is a AV-8?
- AV-8 harrier it is a fighter attack
109 naval aircraft

what is a c-130 ?
- a c-130 hercules is logistics support
- workhorse of the millitary
-people/cargo hauler
109 naval aircraft

what is a c-2 greyhound?
-provides critical ligistics supposrt to carriers
-primary mission is carrier delivery
-carriers cargo/passengers
109 naval aircraft

what is a c-20 gulfstream?
- used for logistics support
109 naval aircraft

what is c-9 skytrain?
- used for logistics support
-cargo/passenger plane
-medvac, cargo carrier, spec missions etc
109 naval aircraft

what is a EA-6B prowler?
- tactical electronic warfare
109 naval aircraft

what is ea-6b prowler?
-tactical electronic warfare
- provides an umbrella of protection over strike aircraft, ground troops, and ships
-primary mission = to support aircraft and troops by interupting electronic activity and obtaining electronic intel
109 naval aircraft

what is a E-2 hawkeye?
- airborne early warning
109 naval aircraft

what is a c-12 huron?
-logistics support
-carring cargo/passengers
109 naval aircraft

what is e-6 mercury?
- fleet air reconisnance
-communications relay and strategic airborne command post aircraft
109 naval aircraft

what is F/A-18 hornet?
- all weather fighter and attack plane
109 naval aircraft

what is f-14 tomcat ?
-fighter
-primary msiision is air superiority, fleet air defence, and precision strike against ground target
109 naval aircraft

what is an H-2 seasprite?
-helicopter anti sub light
109 naval aircraft

what is an H-3 sea king?
- helicopter antisub
- replaced by sh-60f sea hawk helicopters
- -remaing sea kings have been configured for logistical support
109 naval aircraft

what is H-46 sea knight?
- helicopter combat support
-medium lift assault helicopter
-used to move cargo/troops (shipboard delivery of cargo and people)
109 naval aircraft

what is H-53 sea stallion?
-helicopter mine countermeasures
-medium lift helo designed to transport prersonel, supplies and equipment is support of amphib and shore ops.
109 naval aircraft

what is SH-60B seahawk?
- helicoptrer antisub light
109 naval aircraft

what os SH-60f oceanhawk?
-helicopter antisub light
109 naval aircraft

what is HH-60H seahawk?
- helicopter antisub light
109 naval aircraft

what is an S-3 Viking?
- carrier antisub warfare
109 naval aircraft

what is TA-4 sky hawk?
- training
109 naval aircraft

what is a T-45 Goshawk?
training
109 naval aircraft

what is a UH-1N iriqouis?
-helicopter combat support
109 naval aircraft

what is T-34C Turbomentor?
-training
- used to give flight traing to student pilots
-also usede for pilot proficiency tests
109 naval aircraft

what is a T-44 pegasus?
- training
109 naval aircraft

what is F-5 tiger?
-fighter
109 naval aircraft

what os AH-1 Cobra?
-helicopter combat support
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the AE?
- AE = ammunition ship
- operate w/ replenishment groups to deliver ammo and missles to ships at sea
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the AO?
- AO = oiler
- carry fuel, jet fuel, and other petroleum protucts
- operate w/ replenishment ships
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the AOE?
- AOE - ammunition support ships
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the AOE ?
- most powerful auxillarly ship in the navy.
- AOE ships carry missles, fule, ammunition and general cargo.
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the CG?
- CG= Guided missle cruiser
- provide protection agaianst surface and air attacks and gunfire support for land operations.
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the CV/CVN?
-CV/CVN? = carrier/nuclear powered carrier

-carriers are designed to carry, launch, retrieve and handle combat aircraft quickly and efficently.
- it can approach the enemy at high speed, launch planes, recover them, and retire before position is determined.
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the DD/DDG?
-DD/DDG = Destroyer/guided missle destroyer
-multipurpose ships used in any kind of naval operation
-fast ships with lots of weapons and little or no armor
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the FFG?
-FFG = guided missle frigates
- frigates are used for open ocean escort and patrol
-look like destroyers but slower w/ less weapons
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the LCC?
- LCC = amphibious command ships
- provides command and control post and comm facility for various commanders and staff.
-also can serve as command ship for an ampibious task force.
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the LHA?
-LHA - amphibious assault ship
- able to empark, deploy and land a marine battalion
- combine lpd, lka, lph, and lsd in a single ship
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the LHD?
- LHD = amphibious warfare ship
- desinged as amphib assault ship but can convert to anti sub ship
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the LPD?
- LPD = amphibious transport dock
- can tranport troops and equipment in same ship
- combines features of LSD and LPH
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the LPH?
- LPH = amphibious assault ship
- transport, land 1800 troops and their equipment via transporrt helos w/ a beach assaultk
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the LSD?
- LSD = dock landing ship
- can transport and launch a variety of loaded amphibious craft and vehicles
- limited docking and repair to small ships and crafts, can refeul helos
110 Aviation capable ships

what is mission of the MCS?
-MCS = mine countermeasure ship
- only one the USS Inchon
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an AD ?
AD = destroyer tender
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an AFS?
AFS = combat stores ship
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an ATF?
ATF= fleet ocean tugs
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an ARS?
ARS= rescue and salvage ship
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an ASR?
ASR= submarine rescue ship
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an AR?
AR= repair ship
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an AS ?
AS= sub tender
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an MCM ?
MCM = mine countermeasure ship
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an MHC ?
MHC = coastal mine hunters
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an PC ?
PC = patrol craft
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an SSBN ?
SSBN = balistic missle submarine (nuke prupolsion)
111 other ships and subs

what is mission of an SSN ?
SSN = sub (nuke propolsion)
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain Chemical warfare?
- intentional use of lethal and nonlethal chemical agents to produce caualties;harrass, or temp incapacitate and demoralize personel.
- or contamine or destory areas or equipment
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain biological warfare?
intentional use of living organisms to disable/destroy people or their domestic animals or crops
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain radiological warfare?
-radiological warfare is the deliberate use of radiological weapons to produce injury and death
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain MCU-2/P protective mask ?
the gas mask is most important piece of equipment against cbr agents.
-protects eyes, nose, throat, and lungs
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain chemical protective overgarment?
- treated w/ chemicals that neutralize blister agent vapors and sprays, but dont stop penetration by liquid agents.
-has pants, juper w/ hood, gloves, and foot coverings.
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain wet-weather clothing?
-worn over other types of clothes, protects clothes and skin from penetration by liquid agents and radioactive particles.
-includes parka, trousers, boots, and gloves
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain Atropine/ 2pan chloride (oxime) autoinjector?
- used for specific therapy for nerve agent casualties.
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain IM-143 pocket dosimeter?
-self reading pocket dosimeter is size of pen
-measures exposure to radiation over a period of time, not dose rates at any given time
112 CBR Fundamentals

explain DT-60 personal dosimeter?
-non self reading, high range casualty dosimeter, must be placed in a special rediac computer to determine total amt of gamma radiation.
112 CBR Fundamentals

list 4 types of chemical casualty agents and their physical symptoms?
1. chocking agent
2. nerve agent
3. blood agent
4. blister agent
112 CBR Fundamentals

describe the nuclear explosion, high altitude air burst?
-POINT OF DETONATION IS ABOVE 100,000 FT.
-causes widespread disturbances in ionosphere, which effects the propogation of radio waves and similar electromagnetic radiations of relatively long wavelengths (EMP)
112 CBR Fundamentals

describe the nuclear explosion, air burst?
- an airburst is one in which the fireball doesnt touch the earths surface
-all material within the fireball is vaporized.
- fallout from low altitude airburst presents a greater hazard because the heavy particles of debris picked up from the surface settle rapidlt and are highly radioactive.
112 CBR Fundamentals

describe the nuclear explosion, surface burst?
-PRODUCES WORST FALLOUT
- fireball touches ground
-vast amount surface material is vaporizzed or returned to earth as radioactive fallout
112 CBR fundamentals

explain the nuclear explosion, shallow underwater burst?
-fireball is formed but is small and usually not visible
-creates large bubble that when rises to surface expels gas, steam and debris with great force.
-creates high waves and shock waves
112 CBR fundamentals

explain the nuclear explosion, deep underwater burst?
- produce same effects as shallow burst but w/ more of the imapcts absorbed by the deep ocean currents.
-more contaminated water
112 CBR fundamentals

describe the effect of nuclear explosion, BLAST ?
- injuries by blast can be divided into primary injuries and secondary injuries
-primary injuries result from direct action of the air shock wave on body
-seconday injuries caused by, collapsing buildings and debris etc
112 CBR fundamentals

describe the effect of nuclear explosion, flash burn/blindness?
-burns caused by a nuclear explosion are primary and secondary
-primary burns are a direct result of thermal radiation from bomb.
- secondary burns are result of fires caused by explosion
-flahs burns will occour on a large scale as a result of an air or surface burst of a nuclear weapon.
-intense flash of light from bomb may cause temp flash blindness
112 CBR fundamentals

describe the effect of nuclear explosion, radiation?
- radiation hazards are alpha and beta particles, gamma and neutron radiation.
112 CBR fundamentals

describe the effect of nuclear explosion, electromagnetic pulse (emp) ?
produced by high altitude, air and surface bursts
112 CBR fundamentals

explain the effect of nuclear explosion, electromagnetic pulse (EMP) ?
-produced by high altitude air and surface bursts
-will burn out/make inactive electronic and electrical equipment
-will blow fuses and trip circuit breakers
112 CBR fundamentals

explain the effect of nuclear explosion, blackout?
- the loss of lights or electrical power failure during a nuclear attack
112 CBR fundamentals

define/discuss mission oriented protective posture (MOPP)
-defines the amount of protective CBR gear to wear or have readily available.
112 CBR fundamentals

describe MOPP 1 ?
- gas masks are issued to all hands and are kept at battle station.
-inventory of stowed chem/biological equipment
112 CBR fundamentals

define MOPP 2?
- gas masks carried by all personell
-per position decontamination supplies at decontamination station
-set condition ZEBRA
112 CBR fundamentals

define MOPP 3?
- new filters on gas masks
-don chemical protective overgarnemnt smock w/ hood down, trousers, and overboots.
- stow personal decontamination kit in the mask carrier
-stow chemical protective glovrs and med supplies in jumper pocket
- go to gen quarters
- set zebra
- fill canteens
- avtivate decontamination stations and contaminiation control station CCA for operability
-post detection and monitoring teams
-post and monitor detection equipment materials in accordance w/ cbr bill.
112 CBR fundamentals

describe MOPP 4 ?
- don gas masks and secure hood over head and arounnd mask.
-don gloves
- initiate continuous monitoring of detection equipment
-set condition circle william (secure air vents)
-activate CMWD (washdown sys)
113 NATOPS
what does NATOPS stand for?
naval air training and operating procedures standerdization
113 NATOPS

what is purpose of NATOPS?
-is a positive approach toward improving combat readiness and achieving a substantial reduction in aircraft mishaps. it is issued by CNO/
-NATOPS instructions prescribe general flight and operating instructions and procedures applicable to the operation of all planes and related activities
113 NATOPS

explain general aircraft prestart precautions?
a. before starting an engine, the wheels shall be chocked and the parking brake set
b. where applicable intake screens shall be installed on jet aircraft
c. prior to starting jet engines, intakes and surrounding ground/deck shall be inspected for fod.
d. when an engine is started by nonpilot personale for testing and warmup purposes in planes w/ parking brakes, the plane shall be tied down
e. whenever an engine is started people w/ fire equipment will be ready and waiting
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, warning?
- an operating procedure, practice, condition etc. that may result in injury or death if not carefully followed.
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, caution?
- an operating procedure, practice etc that may result in damage to equipment if not carefully observed or followed
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, note>
an operating procedure, practice, or condition that must be emphasized
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, note?
an operating procedure, practice, or condition that must be emphasized
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, shall?
means a procedure thats mandatory
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, should ?
means a procedure that is recomended
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, may?
"may" and "need not" procedure is optional
113 NATOPS

what is meaning of term, will?
indicates futurity and never indicates any degree of requiment for application of a procedure
113 NATOPS

what is purpose of a NATOPS evaluation?
intended to evaluate individual and unit compliancr by observing and grading adherence to natops procedure.
101 a/c characteristand capabilities

1. What is wingspan of p-3?
- 99’8”
2. what is length of p-3 ?
- 116’10”
3. what is height to top of fin (antenna) ?
- 34’3”
4. top of fin(antenna) to lower skin?
- 24’4”
5. what are all weather capabilities of p-3?
- ice control sys on plane enable plane to perform mission under almost any condition
6. explain the aircrew job of mission commander ?
- responsible for all phases of mission except the maintanance condition of plane which is out of his hands
7. explain the aircrew job of PATROL PLANE COMMANDER (PPC) ?
- when mission commander is not assigned his duties responsibilities go to pilot in command
8. explain the aircrew job of PATROL PLANE PILOT (PPP) ?
- assists PPC in preparing crew for flight and in ascertaining g readiness for plane flight and plane systems.
- Pilots plane when PPC is away from his station
9. explain the aircrew job of PATROL PLANE COPILOT (PPCP) ?
- acts as relief pilot for PPC or PPP during long flights
10. explain the aircrew job of FLIGHT ENGINEER ?
- directly responsible to pilot in command
- performs exterior and interior checks
- during flight the FE will continually monitor engine and system flight station and control indicators
11. explain the aircrew job of SECOND FLIGHT ENGINEER?
- acts as relief to FE during long flights
12. explain the aircrew job of TACTICAL COORDINATOR? (TACCO)
- employs appropriate tactics/procedures to most effectively carry out planes mission
- also acts as senior navigator and is responsible for safe/accurate navigation
13. explain the aircrew job of Navigator/communication (NAV/COMM) officer?
- maintains accurate record of present past position etc acts as navigator
- maintains record of flight
14. explain the aircrew job of ACOOUSTIC OPERATOR ?
- responsible for detection, classification, and report contact info
15. explain the aircrew job of ELECTRONICS WARFARE OPERATOR?
- uses radar, esm, mad/sad, irds, and iff systems and subsystems to detect and analyze targets
16. explain the aircrew job of SAFETY OF FLIGHT RADAR OPERATOR (SOFRO) ?
- provides weather, terrain, and plane avoidance using radar and IFF systems
17. explain the aircrew job of ORDANCEMAN ?
- obtains mission search and kill stores required by TACCO and ensures they are properly loaded , and does system checks
18. explain the aircrew job of ORDANCE QUALIFIED CREWMEMBER?
- ensures mission search and kill stores required by TACCO are properly loaded
explain the aircrew job of ASSISATANT ORDANCE QUALIFIED CREWMEMBER?
- assists primary ordnance qualified crew member
19. explain the aircrew job of in flight technician (IFT) ?
- does pre flight checks on data processing system and for in flight repair of all equipment
20. explain the aircrew job of OBSERVER?
- an in flight crewmember qualed to perform basic safety of flight duties
21. explain the aircrew job of RADIO OPERATOR?
- maintains HF communications as directed by mission commander
- will request position report 10 min prior to time report is due, authenticate messages etc
22. what’s max number of ditching stations ?
- 23, 21 usually, on Update III aircraft ditching stations 16 and 17have been deleted
23. purpose of engine loiter operations?
- to extend amt of time aircraft can stay on station
24. what’s general arrangement of p-3 plane as stated in NATOPS flight manual?
- fuselage is pressurized from forward bulkhead of flight station to aft bulkhead in the cabin
- entrance to cabin is by way of door in port side of fuselage
- flight station is entered from cabin
- a ladder which stows in cabin can be used by personnel loading and unloading at stations where ramps aren’t avail
- emergency exit hatches are located over each wing in sides of fuselage aft of pilot side windshield panel and in the top of the flight station
- head, galley etc are located aft
25. what is history of VP-10?
- originally a derivate of VS-15
- vp-10 traces back to July 1, 1930 with commissioning of Patrol Bombing Squadron 10s
- in 1935 vp10 estab a world record for non-stop formation transpacific flight
- 8 out of 12 were damaged or destroyed in pearl harbor attack
- on June 1942 squadron PBY-5A identified 4 islands which helped begin greatest victory in naval aviation history

- disestablished after war on Jan 25, 1946
- reestab in JAX in march 1951
- in feb 1952 vp-10 moved to Brunswick and stated using P2-V Neptune planes
- in 1965 p-3 were delivered
1. define RADAR?
- radio detection and ranging\g
2. Define IFF?
- identification friendly or foe
3. define ADF?
- Automatic direction finder
4. define TACAN?
Tactical Air Navigation
5. Define IRDS?
- infrared detector system
6. define MAD?
- magnetic anomaly detector
7. define ESM?
- electronic support measures
8. define ISAR?
- inverse synthetic aperture radar
9. explain importance of aircraft static dissipation system?
- used to ensure good operation of navigation and radio communications systems during bad conditions by limiting static buildup on plane by controlling interference generated by corona
- attached at numerous points of plane area wick or wire to provide high operations
- Resistance discharge path between plane and air
10. what is purpose of p-3 electrical power supply system as stated in NATOPS?
- provides necessary AC and DC power for plane
11. what are 7 primary mission areas of marine patrol aircraft (MPA) ?
1. ASU – anti surface warfare
2. ASW- ant sub warfare
3. C2W- command and control warfare
4. CCC- command, control and communications
5. INT- intelligence
6. MIW- mine warfare
7. MOB- mobility
12. what are 6 secondary mission of MPA’s?
1. AAW- anti air warfare
2. FSO- fleet support operation
3. LOG- logistics
4. NCO- non combat operation
5. STK- strike
6. MOS- missions of state
13. what is purpose of instrument training?
- provides proficiency training for pilot and NFO’s in radio communication and navigation procedures
14. purpose of dedicated field work (DFW)?
- pilots can enhance skills in all phases of flight as well as maintain minimum hours of flight time
- all pilots should;
a. complete one DFW per month w/ min of 6 landing
b. complete one night DFW per quarter with minimum of 6 landing
c. complete one instructor DFW per quarter which includes a 3 engine, 2 engine etc landing
15. purpose of NATOPS instrument eval?
- admin by pilots and NFO’s
- NFO take written but pilots take a written evaluation which evaluates their ability to fly an instrument approach and interpret/use flight pubs
16. what is purpose of Airways training?
- encompasses many types of flights such as logistics flights, airlifts, sleigh rides etc
- provides proficiency training in flights under IFR flight plans and conducted along ATC controlled flight routes
17. what is purpose of CREW TRAINING FLIGHT?
- ensures all aircrew have all appropriate quals and training
18. purpose of NATOPS evaluation flight?
- an evaluauation flight in which a NATOPS instructor evaluates knowledge/proficiency of a crewmember for a specific position in aircraft.
19. explain MAGNETIC ANOMALY DETECTION COMPENSATION (MAD COMP) CHECK
- MAD checks designed to provide in-flight checks to validate the repair of previous MAD discrepancies and to determine need for MAD compensation
20. explain NATOPS flight condition 1?
- (battle) all stations manner for low altitude anti sub warfare
21. explain NATOPS flight condition 2?
- (surveillance/high altitude ASW operation/transit) all stations manned for routine search, patrol, high altitude ASW
22. explain NATOPS flight condition 3?
- (operational check) all stations manned by primary operators. Perform ICS check, obtain equipment status. Make status report to taco who reports it to pilot
23. explain NATOPS flight condition 4?
- (aircraft inspection) crewmembers designated by pilot in command during crew briefing leaves ditching station and inspects following.

1. Doppler well, main load center, and hydraulic service center for loose equipment, leaks, smoke, fumes etc
2. visible external surfaces of aircraft
3. visually check the weapons in bomb bay for security
24. explain NATOPS flight condition 5?
takeoff/landing) – all crewmembers shall take assigned ditching stations
1. what’s purpose of search stores?
- used for searching for and localizing a submarine target
- they are transmitter/receiver dropped into water receive sounds from water and transmit to plane
2. explain kill stores?
- torpedoes, mines, bombs, rockets, and guided missiles
3. what AGM?
air launched, surface attack guided missile
4. what’s ATM?
- air launched, training guided missile
5. what’s CATM?
- captive air launched, training missile (harpoon, maverick and slam)
6. what’s MK-20 ?
- (rockeye) cluster bomb unit (cbu)
7. what’s BDU-45?
- simulates MK-82 depth bomb for training
8. what’s MK 80 series?
- low drag general purpose bombs, depth bombs with fusing differences (delayed/impact)
9. what types of air/land mines does a p-3 use?
- mk-55 bottom mine
- mk-60 anti sub mine
- mk-62, 63, 64 quick strike mines
- mk-25
- mk-36
- mk-65 quick strike mine
10. what’s AGM-84 harpoon?
- all weather anti ship attack weapon
11. what’s AGM-65F MAVERICK?
- a laser guided rocket propelled air to ground missile
12. what’s AGM-84E slam?
- a standoff land attack missile.
13. what’re the 2 torpedoes on a p-3?
- mk-46 and mk-50
basic types of sonobouys?
- special purpose- e.g. bathythermograph buoy which measures the ocean temp from surface to 1000 ft. , also an ambient noise buoy which measures ambient (background) noise
- passive- underwater microphones(hydrophones) which listens to sounds in water
- active- mini sonar which ping for subs and transmit info to plane.
what is purpose of a mk-84 signal underwater sound (sus) device?
-SUS devices are used to signal underwater targets during ASW exercises.
what are 3 types of deployable countermeasures?
1. chaff- creates radar decoys or confuses radar seekers
2. flares – decoys heat seeking missiles
3. electronic jamming – jams radar
what’s a pyrotechnic device?
- item that produce a right light for illumination or colored lights of smoke for signaling
what are 2 types of marine location markers?
1. mk-25
2. mk-58
explain bomb rack ?
- carry, arm and release stores such as bombs and torpedoes suspended internally or externally from pylons
explain pylon ?
- used to suspend launchers or bombs from aircraft wings, fuselage, or bomb bay
explain LAU-117 missile launcher?
- AGM-65 (maverick) rack 48 tubes
explain sonobuoy launch tubes (PSLTs)?
- used for loading and launching internal stores 3 tubes
1. what is IDTC?
- inter deployment training cycle
- submitted no later then 45 days after return from deployment
2. explain OPERATIONAL READINESS EVALUATION (ORE)?
- used to evaluate the capability of a squadron to perform ROC assigned operational missions as set forth in existing operational orders
- the ore provides a final measure and validation of effectiveness of the wing and squadrons long range training and demploymernt plan before squadrons deploy.
3. explain TACTICAL PROFICENCY COURSE (TPC)?
- goal of TPC is to enhance combat aircrew performance over broad spectrum of MPA mission areas, course emphasizes crew coordination, tactical awareness and in flight standardization
4. explain Maintanance training improvement program (MTIP) ?
- training through NAMTRA’s and FREST schools
- purpose is to recognize training deficiencies and focus trianing efforts for maintanance personnel.
5. explain AW training improvement program (AWTIP) ?
- designed to measure and monitor AW training program effectiveness and streamline overall effectiveness.
6. explain AIRCREW COORDINATION TRAINING (ACT) ?
- training that has 7 behavior skills

1. decision making
2. assertiveness
3. mission analysis
4. communication
5. leadership
6. adaptability/flexibility
7. situational awareness
7. explain WEAPONS SYSTEMS TRAINER (WST)?
- SIMULATED FLIGHT TACTICAL STUFF ASK FOR EXPLAIN
8. what is CREWQUAL?
- crewqual events are designed to demonstrate the ability of the critical crewmembers to coordinate their efforts in order to use p-3 as a weapon
- for a CREWQUAL TO BE AWARDED 2 conditions must be met
1. all p-3 training matrix required crewmember positions for a specific CREWQUAL event must be occupied in accordance w/ current crew list
2. individual on station effectiveness (OSE) grades must be at least 85% for all required crewmembers
9. what is CREW CURRENCY?
- LOSS OF CURENCY IN A PARTICULAR CREQUAL RESULTS in loss of associated p-3 training matrix readiness points occors when;
1. crewqual crew reaches the p-3 training matrix defined expiration date without requalification
2. more then 2 crewmembers as defined in p-3 training matrix who participated in appropriate crew position when crewqual was awarded have left crew in accordance with the current crew list
10. explain SQUADRON PLANNING BOART FOR TRAINING (PBFT) ?
- to coordinate planning among all departments
11. what’s level of readiness, T-4?
- not combat ready
- should not be sent on operational or independent fleet exercise detachments
12. what’s level of readiness, T-3?
- not combat ready
- shouldn’t be sent on operational detachment
- may be sent on independent fleet exercise detachments
13. what’s level of readiness, T-2?
- combat ready
- may be sent on prolonged independent operational or independent fleet exercise detachments
- may be tasked for special high priority assignments
- ready for deployment
14. what’s level of readiness, T-1?
- has achieved the highest degree of overall training and combat readiness in accordance with the required operational capability and projected operational environment (ROC/POE)
1. what are corrosion prone areas of p-3 plane?
- along seams of 7075-T6 aluminum alloy structures
- in box beam skin centroid areas and around cadmium plated steel fasteners
- surfaces of actuating mechanisms
- painted surfaces that are chipped or peeled
- skin seems etc etc
2. explain AIRCRAFT AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM?
- automatic flight control and stabilization systems ease the pilots workload and provide stability at all speeds. Allows computer control of plane
3. what is p-3 engine?
- four T56-A-14 turboprop engines power the p-3, each engine provides 4,600 shp for takeoff
4. what’s purpose of the constant speed propeller?
- 5 (maj mods) 4(blades) H(shank size, type material) 60(spline) 77(minor mods)
- designed top maintain a preselected rpm automatically
- keeps turboprop engine at 100%rpm
5. explain p-3 fueling method?
1. center-point pressure fueling
a. the normal fueling method
b. accepts 600 gallons of fuel per min from two simultaneous pump fuel trucks
c. or 300 gallon per minute by one truck
2. overwing gravity feed
a. the center section and fuselage tank do not incorporate a gravity filter well
6. what kind of construction used by p-3 planes?
- all metal
- wing is a box beam compromising 2 main spars with upper and lower surfaces of integrally stiffened skins
- ribs are provided at frequent intervals to stabilize the structure and maintain contour ,
- the fuselage is of semimoncoque construction consisting of skins, stringers, longerons, and bulkheads of frames
7. explain p-3 landing gear?
Fully retractable tricycle type gear consisting of two main gears and a nose gear

- each gear extends down and aft so that in event of a hydraulic failure, gravity, assisted by airflow loads and a bungee spring extends the gear
1. explain purpose of aircft cabin pressurization and air conditioning?
- air conditioning and pressurization sys provides crew environment control and electronic equipment cooling both in flight and on ground.
- Oxygen required above 10000 ft of altitude in an unpressurized cabin
- Crew can walk around at altitudes above 10000 ft because system keeps cabin pressurized to an equivalent of an altitude less then 10000 feet
2. what aircraft oxygen systems?
- oxygen system designed to supply an active flight crew of 3 members for 3.5 hrs at altitude of 25000 feet
- oxygen supplied via 3 high pressure bottles through 3 regulators one for each flight crewmember
- also 7 portable oxygen bottles are stowed at the tactical crew stations giving 22 minutes of oxygen in normal conditions or 5-10 min under exertion
1. fuselage?
a. forward section – includes the flight station
b. midbody section – the midsection of plane
c. aft fuselage section – includes tail cone
2. wings?
a. center section – integral part of fuselage, consist of a box-type beam which is an assembly of the front and rear spars, top and bottom skin panels, and ribs. After the structure assembly is completed the box beam is sealed to form an auxiliary fuel tank.
b. Left wing outer panel- outer wing consist of wing flaps, leading and trailing edges, wingtips, ailerons, and engine nacelled
c. Right wing outer panel – outer wing consists of wing flaps leading and trailing edges, wingtips, ailerons, and engine nacelles
3. tail ?
- horizontal stabilizers – provides stability of plane about lateral axis, this is longitudinal stability. Serves as base for which elevators are attached
- vertical stabilizers- maintains stability of plane about its vertical axis this is known as directional stability
4. flight controls/surfaces?
a. flaps – wing flaps are the high lift fowler type, uses a combo of aft movement to increase the wing area and a drooping/downward movement to change the airfoil section, powered by combined no 1 and no 2 hydraulic systems
b. ailerons – operated by a lateral (side-by side) movement of control stick or turning of wheel, are interconnected and work simultaneously but in opposite directions from one another. As one moves down to increase lift the other moves up to increase lift on its side. This opposing action allows more lift to be produced by the wing one the wing on one side then the other. This results in a controlled movement or roll because of unequal forces on wings
c. rudder – used to move the aircraft about the vertical axis, if pilot turns rudder to right the plane turns to right and vice versa, done by pushing right or left rudder pedal
d. elevators – rising the elevators causes plane to climb , and lowering it causes It to descend., done by a control stick
5. landing gear
a. strut – absorbs shock that would otherwise be sustained by the airframe , navy plans use the air-oil shock strut.
b. Brakes – engine propeller combo is usually effective in stopping plane and reduces the work brakes normally do. Four multiple disk brake assemblies one for each main gear wheel are mounted on the strut side of the main gear axle
c. Wheels – either aluminum or magnesium alloy, on navy planes the wheels are either divided or demountable flange, tires are 36 ply
1. engine
a. power section – consists of an axial flow compressor, a combustion chamber, a multistage turbine and an exhaust section.
b. Torque meter – electronically measures the torsional deflection (twist), recorded as horsepower
c. Reduction gear system- reduces engine rpm within range of efficient propeller rpm. Large reduction necessary cause gas turbine must operate at very high rpm to produce power efficiently
2. propeller blades
5(mod#) 4 (#blades) H(shank size/type) 60(spline size) 77(minor mod#)
3. auxiliary power unit
- makes plane a self sustaining aircraft, made up of a turbine compressor driving a generator that is identical to the engine driven generators.
4. fuel cells
- four integral wing tanks and an auxiliary tank carry fuel supply for the .
- engines.
- Tank 5 = auxiliary tank, consisting of a bladder type fuselage tank connected to an integral center section tank.
5. vents
- the tanks are vented by float type vent valves located one in each wing tank and one in each cell of tank no 5 that prevent over pressurization and overflow or siphoning during maneuvering.

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