cueFlash

Glossary of E-Stim

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Created by ericknopp

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Acupuncture like Pain Control

Amplitude

To visible contraction
Acupuncture like Pain Control

Likely mechanism of action

Endorphin release
Acupuncture like Pain Control

Modulation

None
Acupuncture like Pain Control

Pulse duration

100-200 microsec
Acupuncture like Pain Control

Pulse Frequency

2-10 pps
Acupuncture like Pain Control

Treatment Time

20-30 minutes
Burst Mode Pain Control

Amplitude

To visible contraction
Burst Mode Pain Control

Likely mechanism of action

Endorphin release
Burst Mode Pain Control

Modulation

Generally not possible
Burst Mode Pain Control

Pulse Duration

Preset to a max of 100-300
Burst Mode Pain Control

Pulse Frequency

Usually Preset in 10 Bursts
Burst Mode Pain Control

Treatment time

20-30 minutes
Conventional Pain Control

Amplitude

To produce tingling
Conventional Pain Control

Likely mechanism of action

Gate Control Theory at the spinal cord
Conventional Pain Control

Modulation

Use if available
Conventional Pain Control

Pulse Duration

50-80 microsec
Conventional Pain Control

Pulse Frequency

100-150 pps
Conventional Pain Control

Treatment Time

As needed for pain
Edema Control-due to inflammation

Amplitude

To produce a comfortable tingling
Edema Control-due to inflammation

Polarity

Negative
Edema Control-due to inflammation

Pulse Duration

Preset to 40-100
Edema Control-due to inflammation

Pulse Frequency

120pps
Edema Control-due to inflammation

Treatment Time

30 minutes
Edema Control-due to inflammation

Waveform

HVPC
Edema Control-due to lack of motion

Amplitude

To visible contration
Edema Control-due to lack of motion

Polarity

NA
Edema Control-due to lack of motion

Pulse Duration

150-350 microsec
Edema Control-due to lack of motion

Pulse Frequency

35-50pps; 2-5 sec on 1:1 ratio
Edema Control-due to lack of motion

Treatment Time

30 minutes
Edema Control-due to lack of motion

Waveform

Biphasic or interferential
Edema Reduction

Amplitude

To visible contraction
Edema Reduction

On/off times and ration

2-5 sec on
2-5 sec off
1:1

Edema Reduction

Pulse Duration

150-200 smaller muscles
200-350 larger muscles
Edema Reduction

Pulse Frequency

35-50 pps
Edema Reduction

Ramp time

At least 1 sec.
Edema Reduction

Times/Day

Twice daily
Edema Reduction

Treatment time

30 minutes
Iontophoresis

Amplitude

To patient tolerance not greater than 4mA
Iontophoresis

Polarity

Same as drug being administered
Iontophoresis

Pulse Duration

NA
Iontophoresis

Pulse Frequency

NA
Iontophoresis

Treatment time

Dsependes on amplitude to produce 40 mA. minutes
Iontophoresis

Waveform

DC
Muscle Re-education
Amplitude
Sufficient for functional activity
Muscle Re-education
On-off times and ratio
Depends on functional activity
Muscle Re-education
Pulse Duration
150-200 smaller muscles
200-350 larger muscles
Muscle Re-education
Pulse Frequency
35-50 pps
Muscle Re-education
Ramp time
at least 2 seconds
Muscle Re-education
Times/days
NA
Muscle Re-education
Treatment time
Depends on functional activity
Muscle Spasm Reduction

Amplitude

To visible contraction
Muscle Spasm Reduction

On/off times and ratio

2-5 sec on
2-5 sec off
1:1

Muscle Spasm Reduction

Pulse Duration

150-200 smaller muscles
200-350 larger muscles
Muscle Spasm Reduction

Pulse Frequency

35-80 pps
Muscle Spasm Reduction

Ramp time

At least 1 sec
Muscle Spasm Reduction

Times/Day

Every 2-3 hours till spasm is relieved
Muscle Spasm Reduction

Treatment time

10-30 minutes
Muscle Strengthening
Amplitude
>10% of MVIC in injured
>50% of MVIC in uninjured
Muscle Strengthening
On/off times and ratio
6-10s on 50-120s off
1:5 ratio at first
Less with time

Muscle Strengthening
Pulse Duration
150-200 smaller muscles
200-350 larger muscles
Muscle Strengthening
Pulse Frequency
35-80 pps
Muscle Strengthening
Ramp Time
At least 2 seconds
Muscle Strengthening
Times/day
Every 2-3 hours while awake
Muscle Strengthening
Treatment time
10-20 min to produce 10-20 contractions
Tissue healing/inflammatory phase

Amplitude

To produce a comfortable tingling
Tissue healing/inflammatory phase

Polarity

Negative
Tissue healing/inflammatory phase

Pulse duration

preset to 40-100
Tissue healing/inflammatory phase

Pulse Frequency

60-125 pps
Tissue healing/inflammatory phase

Treatment time

45-60 minutes
Tissue healing/inflammatory phase

Waveform

HVPC
Tissue healing/Proliferative phase

Amplitude

To produce comfortable tingling
Tissue healing/Proliferative phase

Polarity

Positive
Tissue healing/Proliferative phase

Pulse Duration

Preset to 40-100
Tissue healing/Proliferative phase

Pulse Frequency

60-125 pps
Tissue healing/Proliferative phase

Treatment Time

45-60 minutes
Tissue healing/Proliferative phase

Waveform

HVPC

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