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Glossary of Diseases

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Pneumonia
Condition caused by an infection of the lobules of the lung
Hyperventilation
a condition characterized by abnormally prolonged and rapid breathing, resulting in decreased carbon dioxide levels and increased oxygen levels that produce faintness, tingling of the fingers and toes and if continued alkalosis and loss of consciousness
apoxia
hypoxia especially of such severity as to result in permanent damage
hypoxia
deficient oxygenation of the blood
Apnea
a temporary suspension of breathing occuring in some newborns and i some adults during sleep (sleep Apneia)
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose concentrations high enough to overwhelm the kidney's reabsorpion capabilities
Type I Diabetes (Early Onset)
Inadequate insulin production by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets
type II Diabetes (late onset)
insulin levels are normal or elevated, but peripheral tissue no longer responds normally
aneurysm
bulge in the weakened wall of a blood vessel, usually an artery
cyanosis
blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood
Varicose veins
sagging swollen veins distorted by gravity and the failure of the venous valves
embolism
the occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus
edema
an excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces of a body cavity
artherosclerosis
Thickening and toughening of arterial walls
occlusion
closure or blockage of a blood vessel
ischemia
local deficiency of blood supply produced by vasoconstriction or local obstacles to the arterial flow
Hypertension
high blood pressure
tachycardia
faster than normal heart rate
AIDS

discorder that develops after HIV infection, reduced T-Cells and depressed cellular immunity
Autoimmune disorder
immune response mistakenly targets normal body cells and tissue
Allergies
inappropriate or excessive immune response to antigens
Lymphoma
Malignant cancers consisting of abnormal lymphocytes or lymphocytic stem cells
bradycardia
slower than normal heart rate
cardiac arrhythmia
abnormal patterns of cardiac contractions
heart murmur
rushing, gurgling sounds caused by blood regurgitation back through faulty heart valves
myocardial infraction
a condition in which the coronary circulation becomes blocked and the cardia muscle cells die from oxygen starvation (heart attack)

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