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Glossary of DLPT Prep Vocab List

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가까이
about, approximately, close to
가난하다
to be poor
가능하면
if possible, if you can
(alright + able)
~가량
about ~
가미하다
to add
가슴에 품다
to hold in one’s bosom
가장
head of a household
(house + head)
각색하다
to dramatize
각오
readiness, preparedness
(perceive + realize)
각진 얼굴
square face
간단하다
to be simple
(simple + simple)
간절히
earnestly, eagerly
(earnest + earnest)
간직하다
to have with oneself, to take it to heart
감각
sense, feeling
(feeling + perceive)
감옥
prison
(supervise + prison)
감정
feeling
(feeling + feeling)
강아지
puppy
강의내용
the content of a lecture
(lecture + meaning + inside + permit)
강인성
toughness
5개 국어
다섯 나라 말
개방되다
to open to public
(open + release)
개인 일
personal matter
(individual + person)
거부감
rejecting feeling, negative reaction
(refuse + not alright + feeling)
거절하다
to refuse
(refusal + feeling)
건축
construction, building
(build + build)
건축미
architectural beauty
(build + build + beauty)
검토
examination, review
(inspect + discuss)
결과를 가져오다
to bring about a result
경고
warning
(warn + tell)
경범죄
misdemeanor, minor crime
(light + violate + crime)
경위
details
경쟁을 뚫다
to overcome competition
(compete + fight)
경제력
economic power
(govern + relief + power)
경험담
a story concerning one’s past experience
(pass through + examine + converse)
계속적
continuous
(continue + continue)
계속적으로
continuously
(continue + continue)
가다듬다
to gather (oneself) up, to brace oneself
가담하다
to assist, to support, to side with
가두다
to lock in, to cage, to imprison
가로 지르다
to cut across
가장자리
the edge
간절하다
to be earnest, eager
(earnest + earnest)
갇히다
to be shut up, to be imprisoned
감독
(movie) director, (sports) head coach, manager
(supervise + direct)
감상
appreciation, enjoyment
(feeling + think)
감싸다
to wrap in, to protect, to cover
강도
degree of strength, intensity
(strength + degree)
강습
short training course
(lecture + study)
강추위
severe cold
강화되다
to be strengthened
(strong + change)
개구리
frog
개막식
opening ceremony
(open + curtain + ceremony)
개발
development
(open + rise)
개발제한구역
greenbelt area
(open + rise + suppress + limit + district + boundary)
개업중
to be open for business
(open + business + middle)
거닐다
to walk around
거추장스럽다
to be bulky, to be troublesome
건네받다
to be handed (a thing), to have something passed on
건드리다
to irritate, to provoke, to touch
건의
suggestion, proposal
(establish + discuss)
건조하다
to be dry
(dry + dry)
걸음마
baby walking for the first time
검문
inspection
(inspect + ask)
검문소
check point
(inspect + ask + place)
검색
search
(inspect + seek)
겨루다
to compete, to rival
견물생심
Seeing is wanting
(see + object + live + heart)
결승경기
final tournament
(decide + victory + compete + skill)
결함
defect
(defect + fall into)
결항되다
to not sail/fly as scheduled, to be canceled
(decide + navigate)
겸한
combined, as well as
(combine)
경사
slope
(incline + incline)
경찰청
National Police Bureau
가공식품
processed foods
(add + industry + food + item)
가공하다
to process, treat
(add + industry)
가장하다
to disguise
(false + costume)
가족계획
family planning
(house + clan + plan + draw)
가지
eggplant
각막
cornea
간담회
부드러운 분위기에서 서로 마음을 터 놓고 얘기하는 모임
간암
liver cancer
(liver + cancer)
간접적
indirect
(interval + contact)
간접흡연
secondhand smoke
(interval + contact + inhale + smoke)
간질환
liver diseases
(liver + ailment + suffering)
감기가 낫다
to recover from a cold
감염되다
to be infected
(feeling + infect)
감염자
infected person
(feeling + infect + person)
2차감염
secondary infection
갓난아기
태어난 지 얼마 안 되는 아기
강조하다
to emphasize
(strong + control)
갖다 버리다
to dump (out)
개비
담배를 세는 단위, 개피라고도 한다 (담배 한 개비)
개선하다
to improve
(amend + good)
개원하다
to open a hospital
(open + institute)
거동
behavior, conduct
(lift + move)
거주하다
to reside
(dwell + reside)
거주자
resident
(dwell + reside + person)
거주지
residence
(dwell + reside + place)
거품
bubble
건망증
forgetfulness, amnesia
(strong + forget + symptom)
걸치다
to range, extend, cover
검출되다
to be detected/found (by chemical analysis)
(inspect + come out)
검출하다
to detect/find (poison) by chemical analysis
(inspect + come out)
~게 여기다
to consider ~, to think ~
견디다
to endure, to put up with
가계부
housekeeping account book
(household + calculate + account book)
가계수입
household income
(house + calculate +collect + enter)
가족동반
to go out with one’s family(family + together + companion)
각하
Mr. President, Your/His Excellency
간격
intervals
(interval + partition)
간부
leading members, managing staff, cadre
간식
snack
(interval + eat)
감시하다
to watch, observe
(supervise + look)
감추다
to hide, to conceal
강세
emphasis, bullish tendency
(strong + conditions)
강제수용소
forced labor camp
갖추다
to make it ready, to prepare, to furnish
개발도상국
developing country
개별적
individual, separate
(piece + separate)
개시 손님
the first customer of the day
(open + market + customer)
개혁하다
to reform
(amend + revolt)
that child, that boy/girl
거르다
to skip
건방지다
to be impudent, impertinent, arrogant
건설교통부
Ministry of Construction and Transportation
건어물
dried fish
(dry + fish + item)
건전하다
to be healthy, to be wholesome, to be good
(healthy + whole)
검소한
frugal, thrifty
(frugal + simple)
검토하다
to examine, to study
(inspect + discuss)
게다가
on top of (it), in addition (to)
게양되다
to be hoisted
(raise + raise)
겪다
to experience, to suffer, to meet with
결격사유
reason for disqualification
결코
never, by no means
결합하다
to combine
(tie + unite)
경리
accounting
(govern + manage)
고급관리/공무원
high-ranking officials
(high + class + govern + manage)
고급 식당
deluxe/first-class restaurant
고급 호텔
deluxe/first-class hotel
고급 장교
high-ranking officer
고급
high-class, high-ranking
고급화
고급으로 변해 가는 것
(high + class + -ization)
고동소리
horn
고려하다
to consider
(consider + think)
고생스럽다
to be painful, hard to bear, to be a hardship
고아
orphan
(alone + child)
고아원
orphanage
(alone + child + institute)
고전적인
classic, classical
(old + codes)
고집피우다
to be stubborn
고학력자
대학 이상의 교육을 받은 사람
(high + study + power + person)
골동품
antique
(bone/head + correct + article)
공경심
respect
(respect + respect + mind)
공경하다
to respect
(respect + respect)
공군사관학교
Air Force Academy
공식적인
official
(official + ceremony)
공연
performance
(public + perform)
과감하다
to be resolute, to be determined, to be hold
(excessive + daring)
과격한
excessive, violent
(excessive + violent)
관습
custom, tradition
(habit + practice)
광범위한
extensive
(wide + scope)
교통(을) 위반하다
to violate a traffic law
(exchange + to go through +violate + opposite)
교통체증
traffic jam, congestion
(exchange + to go through + obstructed)
교환교수
exchange professor
(exchange + exchange + teaching + give)
구박을 받다
to suffer abuse or harsh treatment
(persecute + expel)
구별하다
to distinguish
(distinguish + separate)
국민성
national character
(nation + people + nature)
국악
Korean classical music
(nation + music)
권고하다
to advise, to recommend
권위
authority, dignity
(authority + dignity)
권장하다
to encourage
(encourage + encourage)
권하다
to recommend, to advise
귀가하다
to return home
(return + home)
귀성객
homecoming people
(return + home + guest)
견실하다
to be steady, to be reliable
(firm + true)
결과적으로
as a result, consequently
결심하다
to make up one’s mind
(decide + mind)
결정권
결정할 수 있는 권리
(decide + decide + authority)
결혼하다
혼인하다
(tie up + marriage)
겹치다
to place one on top of another, to overlap
경례를 하다
to salute
(respect + etiquette)
경영대
college of business administration
(manage + manage + big(college))
경쟁심
competitive spirit
(compete + fight + mind)
경쟁하다
to compete
(compete + fight)
경적음
sound of honking
경제분야
field of economics
(govern + relief + divide + field)
경찰출신
a former policeman
고독성
high toxicity, high toxic
(high + poison + nature)
고추
red pepper
고층아파트
high-rise apartment
(high + story)
골수
bone marrow
(bone + marrow)
골수이식
bone marrow transplant
(bone + marrow + move + plant)
골칫거리
difficult matter, headache, pain in the neck
곰곰이
deliberately, thoroughly, profoundly, deeply
공해
environmental pollution
(public + harm)
과감하게/과감히
resolutely, boldly
(excessive + daring)
과하게
excessively
(excessive)
과하다
to be excessive
과학자
scientist
(science + study + person)
coffin
교훈
lesson
(teach + teach)
구분되다
to be divided into, to be categorized
(distinguish + divide)
구청
(government) precinct/ward office
군인 출신
former military man
굵기
thickness
굵다
to be thick
가늘다
to be thin
경상이익
ordinary profit
( ? + usual + gain + profit)
경영개편
management reorganization, reshuffle
(govern + manage + amend + weave)
경음악
semi-classical music
(light + tone + music)
경제성장률
the rate of economic growth
(govern + relief +complete + long + rate)
경제위기
economic/financial crisis
(govern + relief +danger + loom)
경축 사절
congratulatory envoy/delegate
(happy + prayer + send + joint)
경호원
bodyguard
고/골르다
to choose, to select, to pick out
고뇌
anguish, agony
고소득자/고소득층
high-income person/high-income bracket
고수하다
to adhere to, to persist in
(firm + guard)
고졸
high school graduate
(high (school) + finish)
고집이 세다
to be stubborn, to be obstinate
고집하다
to adhere to, to stick to (stubbornly)
(firm + grasp)
곡식
grains, cereals
곤란을 겪다
to have/experience difficulty
(hardship + difficulty)
공관
diplomatic and consular in foreign countries
공동기자회견
joint press conference
(together + together + record + person + meet + see)
공모하다
to recruit publicly
(public + gather)
공무원상
public official aspects
공산품
industrial products
(industry + manufacture + item)
공식실업률
official unemployment rate
(official + ceremony + lose + job + rate)
공식화되다
to become official
(official + ceremony + -ization)
공안당국
Public Safety Authority (중국경찰)
공용어
official language
(official + use + language)
공직
public office
(public + post)
공화당
Republican Party
(together + harmony + party)
과시하다
to show off
(brag + show)
관계자
persons/parties concerned
(concern + connection + person)
관광산업
tourism, tourist industry
(see + brightness + produce + business)
관광수지적자
tourism deficit
(see + brightness + number + value + red + letter)
관제료
control fee
관제 수수료
control service charge
광부
miner, mineworker
(mining + artisan)
광장
plaza, open space, public square
(wide + place)
교관
instructor
교역하다
to trade
(exchange + change)
경황이 없다
to have no time (to spare), to be too busy
계곡
valley
고가
high price
(high + price)
고공 공포증
acrophobia
(high + sky fear + fear + symptom)

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