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Glossary of College of DuPage Japanese I Vocabulary

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いしい
Family Name
さん
Mr., Mrs, Miss
いっしょに
together; with [me, us, ect.]
かいりません
do not go (come) back (negative of kaerimasu)
[question marker]
これから
from now
ちょっと
little [can be used as an adverb discribing a part of the sentence]
かんだ
Kanda Street or book center of Tokyo
to (a place) [location marker]
いきます
go [to go]
ええ
yes [it is a response that confirms the question]
ほん
book
[object or subject marker]
かいます
buy [to buy]
やまだ
family name
[subject marker; usually indicates "as opposed to"]
なに
what? [implies question]
します
do [to do]
すぐ
soon
うち
home; house
かいります
go back; come back
いいえ
no [it is a response that denies the question]
きっさてん
coffee shop
at; in
こおひい
coffee
のみます
drink [to drink]
よく
often; a good deal
[a question marker expecting yes as an answer]
まいにち
every day
あした
tomorrow
がっこお
school
きます
come [to come]
ません
[negative present tense verb ending]
ます
[positive present tense verb ending]
きょお
today
ぎんざ
Ginza Street or a shopping center of Tokyo
おさゃ
tea; green tea
あめりか
the United States of America; America
にほん
Japan
はわい
Hawaii
とおきょお
capital of Japan [Tokyo]
はい
yes [more formal than ee]
たべます
eat [to eat]
たいぷらいたあ
typewriter
みず
water
てんぷら
tempura; Japanese fry; fritter
どこ
what place?; where? [implies question]
ごはん
meal; boiled rice
かめら
camera
ぎゅうにゅう
cow's milk
ぢしょ
dictionary
びふてき
beefsteak
ぱん
bread
びいる
beer
こやま
family name
きのお
yesterday
でかけました
went out; set out
でかけませんでした
did not go out
しけん
examination; test
[direct relational marker to the -ni marked part of the sentence]
あにます
have [to have, possess]
そとで
so, accordingly [therefore]
いちにちじゅう
all day long; throughout the day [literal translation - whole one day]
べんきょお
study
べんきょおおしました
studied [had studied]
わたし
I
でんでん
not at all [note - only used negatively]
べんきょおおしませんでした
did not study [had not studied]
しました
did [had done]
しんじゅく
a shopping center in Tokyo
えいが
movie
みました
saw (watched) [had seen]
それから
afterwards; and (then) [from then]
でぱあと
department store
かいもの
shopping
(not) either
かいものおしました
did shopping [had done shopping]
あさって
the day after tomorrow
くらす
class
ありません
**skip, unknown reasons**

pg 95, vocabulary, marked by *
けど
although [can be used inquisitively through a response]
じゃあ
well
かまくら
a historical site near Tokyo
そして
and [connect sentences, cause and effect]
よる
night
レストラン
restaurant (western style)
しゅくじ
meal, eating a meal [more formal version of gohan]
しゅくじおしましょお
let's dine
いきましょお
let's go
ました
[positive past tense verb ending]
かきます
write [to write]
ききます
listen to; hear [to hear, or listen]
てれび
television, TV set
おととい
the day before yesterday
てがみ
letter (correspondence)
ませんでした
[negative past tense verb ending]
てえぷ
tape
ひるごはん
lunch
へや
room
あさごはん
breakfast; morning meal
れこおど
record
にほんご
Japanese language
わたくし
I [formal version of watashi]
いとお
family name
ましょお
[adds the term "let's" (together) to the sentence]
ばんごはん
supper; evening meal [dinner]
すずき
family name
このへん
this vicinity; this area
in; at [existence & topic marker]
げんわ
telephone
あります
is situated [to exist, inanimate objects only]
あそこ
that place over there; over there [far from speaker and listener]
[emphasis marker, this implies adding a "you realize" to the front of the sentence]
oh; ah
そこ
that place; there
います
exist [to exist, animate objects only]
よびましょお
let's call [shout]
えき
station
ほんや
bookstore
and [word connecter]
ぎんこお
bank
[implies not owning or not possessing, therefore more polite]
ひま
free time
いま
now
たなか
family name
おてらい
toilet; rest room
ここ
this place; here [closer to speaker]
だれ
who? [implies question]
ごなた
who? [implies question, more polite than dare]
おとこのひと
man
おっなのひと
woman
いぬ
dog
ねこ
cat
とり
bird; chicken (meat)
しょおくどお
dining room (hall); cafeteria; eating place
おかね
money
じむしょ
office [place]
ぽすと
mailbox; postbox
ゆうびんきょく
post office
-store; -dealer [add this to the end of a noun to make it a store]
れこおどや
musical record shop
ぱんや
bakery
あれ
that one over there [far from speaker and listener]
なん
what? [shorter version of nani]
です
[universal verb that is dependant on context]
としょかん
(school or public) library
きれい
pretty; clean
ねえ
[expresses admiration or suprise]
それ
that one [closer to listener]
のど
throat
かわきました
got thirsty
なかむら
family name
せんせい
teacher
ともだち
friend
しょおかいおします
introduce [to introduce]
スミス
Smith [the name Smith]
こちら
this person (direction; one)
あなた
you
[this displays discriptive refrences to words (by connecting nouns or adjectives); relaying importance from right to left]
がくせい
student
そお
in that way; so
じゃありません
[negative form of desu]
めりいらんど
Maryland
だいがく
university; college
だいがくいん
graduate school
ならいます
study; take lessons; is taught; learn [to study; to take lessons; to become taught; to learn]
でも
but; however
まだ
(not) yet; still
じょおず
skillful; proficent; good (at)
わたしたち
we
そろそろ
it is about time [more polite than rude]
これ
this one [closer to speaker]
どれ
which one? [implies question]
なまえ
name
くに
country; home (town; country)
へた
unskillful; poor (at)
しづか
quiet
にぎやか
lively; cheerful; noisy; bustling
なにご
what language? [implies question]
えいご
English language
おなか
stomach
すきました
got hungry [had become hungry]
あめりかじん
an American
はなします
speak; talk [to speak; to talk]
どいつご
German language
でわありません
[formal version of ja arimasen]
language [add this ending to the end of a country name to imply that language]
がいこくご
foreign language
がいこく
foreign country; abroad
にほんじん
a Japanese [person]
がいこくじん
foreigner
じん
[add this to the end of a country name to imply that country's person]
どいつ
Germany
ふらんす
France
ふらんすご
French Language
ふらんすじん
a Frenchman
ちゅうごく
china
ちゅうごくご
Chinese language
ちゅうごくじん
a Chinese [person]
いぎりす
England
いぎりすじん
an Englishman [person]
たち
(turns the preceding animate Noun into plural)
わたなべ
family name
やまもと
family name
げんき
healthy, in good spirits
ところで
by the way
いそがしい
is busy
あまり
(not) very much; (not) very often
いそがしいくありません
is not busy
その
that (Pre-Noun)
へん
area; vacinity
いい
is good
はいります
[to] go in; enter
みせ
shop; store
よくありません
is not good
まづい
is tasteless
んです
[used for emphasis, an adjective is placed before the n, never really written but is for emotional flavour]
それに
besides; moreover
でんえん
name of a coffee shop "the countryside"
とおい
is far
ちかい
is near
こっち
this way; this one
とても
very
おいしい
is tasty; is delicious
おんがく
music
すき
is favorite; fond of; like
だいすき
is great favorite; love; like very much
さあ
Now! Well!
この
this
よい
is good
わるい
is bad
おおき
is big; is large
ちいさい
is small; is little
うるさい
is noisy; is annoying
きたない
is dirty; is unclean; is messy
くありません
[this is used as a negative form for sentences with certain adjectives]
あの
that over there [Pre-Noun]
どの
which? [Pre-Noun]
かた
person [needs a pre-noun to go with it to make sense and always implies a question]
ひと
person
そっち
that way; that one
あっち
that way; that one over there
どっち
which way?; which one?
スポーツ
sports
painting; picture

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