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Glossary of Cohen Med Term

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-ia
condition of
-ism
condition of
-sis
condition of
-y
condition of
ego
self
-ion
condition of
enter/o
intestines
esthesi/o
sensation
ur/o
pee
-ian
specialist in a field of treatment
-iatrics
medical specialty
-iatry
medical specialty
-ics
medical specialty
-ist
specialist in a field of treatment
-logy
study of
-ologist
specialist in study and treatment
cardi/o
heart
neuro/o
nerves
ger/i
old
physi/o
nature
opt/o
eyes
ped/o
children
pod/o
foot
-ac
pertaining to
-al, -eal
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-form
resembling
-ic, -tic, -itic
pertaining to
-ical (ic+al)
pertaining to
-ile
pertaining to
-oid
resembling
-ory
pertaining to
-ous
pertaining to
plural for -a
-ae
plural for -en
-ina
plural for -ex, -ix, -yx
-ices
plural for -is
-es
plural for -ma
-mata
plural for -nx (-anx, -inx, -ynx)
-nges
plural for -on
-a
plural for -um
-a
plural for -us
-i
-icle
small
-ole
small
-ula
small
-ule
small
prim/i-
first
mon/o-
one
uni-
one
hemi-
half; one side
semi-
half; partial
bi-
two, twice
di-
two, twice
dipl/o-
double
tri-
three
quadr/i-
four
tetra-
four
multi-
many
poly-
many, much
ambi-
both
cyan/o-
blue
erythr/o-
red
leuk/o-
white
melan/o-
black
xanth/o-
yellow
a-, an-
not, without, lack of, absence
anti-
against
contra-
against, opposite
de-
down, without, removal, loss
dis-
absence, removal, separation
in- (im- before b, m, p)
not
non-
not
un-
not
ab-
away from
ad-
toward, near
dia-
through
per-
through
trans-
through
hyper-
over, excess, abnormally high, increased
hypo-
under, below, abnormally low, decreased
olig/o-
few, scanty
pan-
all
super-
above, excess
equi-
equal, same
eu-
true, good, easy, normal
hetero-
other, different, unequal
homo, homeo-
same, unchanging
iso-
equal, same
macro-
large, abnormally large
mega-, megalo-
large; abnormally large
A
A
ultra-
beyond, excessive
micro-
small
neo-
new
normo-
normal
ortho-
straight, correct, upright
poikilo-
varied; irregular
pseudo-
false
re-
again; back
ante-
before
pre-
before, in front of
pro-
before, in front of
post-
after, behind
meta-
after, change, along, beyond
dextr/o-
right
sinistr/o-
left
ec-, ecto-, e-
out; outside
ex/o-, e-
away from; outside
end/o-, en-
in; within
mes/o-
middle
syn- (sym- before b, m, p)
together
tel/e-, tel/o-
end
con-
together
morph/o
form
cyt/o-, -cyte
cell
nucle/o
nucleus
hist/o, histi/o
tissue
fibr/o
fiber
reticul/o
network
aden/o
gland
papill/o
nipple
myx/o
mucus
muc/o
mucus, mucous membrane
somat/o, -some
body, small body
-ium
tissue
-megaly
enlargement
lys/o, -lytic, -lysis
cut, free, loosen, dissolve
blast/o, -blast
immature cell, productive cell, embryonic cell
gen
origin, formation
phago/o
eat, ingest
phil
attract, absorb
plas
formation, molding, development
trop
act on, affect
troph/o
feeding, growth, nourishment
-penia
reduction
-ase, -zyme
enzume
-ose
sugar
gluc/o
glucose
glyc/o
sugar, glucose
sacchar/o
sugar
amyl/o
starch
steat/o
fatty
prote/o
protein
lact/o
milk
anabolism
the type of metabolism in which body substances are made; the building phase of metabolism
cortex
outer region of an organ
inerstitial
between parts, such as the spaces between cells in a tissue
medulla
the inner region of an organ; marrow
parenchyma
the functional tissue of an organ
parietal
pertaining to a wall; describes a membranne that lines a body cavity
visceral
pertaining to the internal organs; describes a membrane on the surface of an organ
anterior (ventral)
towar the front of the body
posterior (dorsal)
toward the back of the body
medial
toward the midline of the body
lateral
toward the side of the body
proximal
nearer to the point of attachment or to a given reference point
distal
farther from the point of attachment or from a given reference point
superior
above; in a higher positoin
inferior
below; in a lower position
cranial (cephalad)
toward the head
caudal
toward the lower end of the spine
superficial
closer to the surface of the body
deep
closer to the center of the body
frontal (coronal) plane
divides body into front and back
sagittal plane
divides body into right and left
transverse plane
divides body into upper and lower portions
dorsal cavity
made up of the cranial cavity and spinal (canal) cavity
cranial cavity
contains brain
ventral cavity
contains thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
thoracic cavity
contains lungs and heart
peritoneum
large membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers the organs within it
epigastric region
located above the stomach
umbilical region
named for the umbilicus, or navel
hypogastric region
located below the stomach
decubitus position
lying down, specifically according to the part of the body resting on a flat surface, as in left or right lateral decubitus, or dorsal or ventral decubitus
dorsal recumbent position
on back, with legs bent and separated, feet flat
Fowler position
on back, head of bed raised about 18 inches, knees elevated; used to ease breathing and for drainage
jackknife position
on back with shoulders elevated, legs flexed and thighs at right angles to the abdomen; used to introduce a tube into the urethra
knee-chest position
on knees, head and upper chest on table, arms crossed above head
lateral recumbent position
on the side with one leg flexed; arm position may vary
lithotomy position
on back, legs flexed on abdomen, thighs apart
prone
lying face down
Sims position
on left side, right leg drwn up high and forward, left arm along back, chest forward resting on bed
supine
lying face up
Trendelenburg position
on back with head lowered by tilting bed back at 45 degree angle
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck
thorac/o
chest, thorax
abdomin/o
abdomin
celi/o
abdomen
lapar/o
abdominal wall
lumb/o
lumbar region, lower back
periton, peritone/o
peritoneum
centesis
surgical puncture
acro
extremity, end
brachi/o
arm
dactyl/o
finger, toe
cheir-, chir-
hand
circum-
around
peri-
around
intra-
in, within
epi-
on, over
extra-
outside
infra-
below
sub-
below, under
inter-
between
juxta-
near, beside
para-
near, beside
retro-
behind, backward
supra-
above
fundus
the base or body of a hollow organ; the area of an organ farthest from its opening
meatus
passage or opening
orifice
the opening of a cavity
os
mouth, any body opening
sinus
a cavity, as within a bone

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