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Glossary of Classification of Living Things

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Is one of the 5 kingdoms; has Eukaryotic cells; is many-celled; doesn`t move; members make their own food.
Plant
the fifth-highest taxonomical category, below an order.
family
One of the 5 kingdoms; has Eukaryotic cells; can be one or many celled; don`t move; obtains food from other organisms.
Fungi
the second-highest of the taxonomical categories in the plant kingdom
division
the science of grouping and naming organisms.
taxonomy
the system of naming all organisms with two words; Homo sapiens
binomial nomenclature
Is one of the 5 kingdoms; has Eukaryotic cells; is many celled; moves; eats plants or other animals.
Animal
to group ideas, information, or objects, based on their similarities.
classify
organisms whose members are alike and successfully reproduce among themselves.
species
the third highest taxonomical category, below a phylum (animals) or division(plants).
class
Organisms are placed into kingdoms based on 4 characteristics. What are these?
First- whether or not organisms have a nucleus. 2nd- by # of cells. 3rd-does the organism make its own food. 4th- does the organism move.
the highest of the taxonomic categories, having the largest number of species; kingdoms include all other categories.
kingdom
the second-highest of the taxonomical categories in the animal kingdom.
phylum
a step by step guide to identifying an organism, requiring the choice of one of two descriptions at each step.
dichotomous key
Name the 5 kingdoms of living things.
Monera, Protist, Fungi, Plant, Animal.
the fourth-highest taxonomical category, below a class.
order
the evolutionary history of an organism.
phylogeny
the second-largest taxonomic category.
genus
Is one of the 5 kingdoms; is one and many-celled; some move; some members make their own food, others obtain food from other organisms.
Protist
One of the 5 kingdoms that has prokaryotic cells; is one-celled; some members make their own food; some move.
Monera
organisms with a nucleus and organelles surrounded by membranes.
Eukaryotes
a great variety of plant and animal species on earth.
species diversity
Compare & Contrast Aristotle`
and Linnaeau`s classification systems.
Aristotle- 2 kingdoms;animals divided according to where they live;plants divided according to size structure. Linnaeus-grouped according to structures,systems,size,shape,color,food getting.
monerans that don`t have an organized nucleus or organelles are called what?
prokaryotes
What is the purpose of classification?
To arrange or group things according to similarities and differences.
Each kingdom is separated into 6 groups. Name them.
Kingdom,Phylum, Class, Order,Family, Genus, Species. (King Philip Came Over For Green Spaghetti.)

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