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Glossary of Chapters 2, 3, 4 Med Term W07

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centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate or remove fluid
ectomy
excision-surgical removal or cutting out
lysis
proces or destroying
pexy
surgical fixation
plasty
surgical repair
rrhaphy
suture (uniting a wound by stiches)
scopy
process of examing visually
stomy
formation of an opening
tome
an instrument used for cutting
tomy
incision cutting into tissue
tripsy
surgical CRUSHING!
aden/o
gland
angi/o
vessel
appendo/o, apendic/o
appendix
blepharo/o
eyelid
cardi/o
heart
cerebro/encephal/cerebro/o
brain
chir/o
hand
col/o
colon/large intesting
cutane/o,derm/a,dermat/o
skin
faci/o
face
mammo/o, mast/o
breast
neur/o
nerve
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
tonsill/o
tonsil
trache/o
trachea -windpipe
vas/o
vessel, ductus deferens (also called vas deferens, excretory duct of the testicle.
algia, dynia
pain
cele
hernia
ectasia, ectasis
dilation or stretching of a structure or part
edema
swelling
emesis
vomiting
emia
condition of the blood
ia, iasis
condition
itis
inflammation
lith
stone or calculus
malacia
abn softening
mania
excessive preoccupation
megaly
enlargement
oid
resembling
oma
tumor
osis
condition, often abnormal, sometimes an increase
pathy
disease
penia
deficiency
phobia
abnorm fear
ptosis
prolapse (sagging)
rrhage, rrhagia
excessive bleeding
rrhea
flow or discharge
rrhexis
rupture
spasm
twiching,
stasis
stopping, controlling
able, ible
capable of , able to PREVENTABLE
ac, al, an, ar, ary, eal, ic ive, tic
pertainig to CARDIAC THERMAL
ase
enzyme LACTASE
er, ist
one who PHYSICAL THERAPIST
eum, ium
membrane PERITONEUM
ia, ism
condition or theory, SYNERGISM
iac
one who suffers HEMOPHILIAC
logist
one who studies, specialist
logy
study or science of
opia
vision, Diplopia (double vision)
ose
sugar GLUCOSE
ous
pertaining to or characterized by CANCEROUS pertains to cancer
y
state or conditon ATROPHY
amyl/o
starch, AMYLASE
glyco/o
sugar/hypoglycemia
hemato/o
blood HEMATEMESIS
lact/o
milk lacation
lip/o
fat Lipids
Litho/o
stone LITHOLOGY; study of rocks!
micro
small
muc/o
mucus
prote/o, protein/o
Protein!!!!!!!!
pyr/o
fire!!!!!!!!!!!!!1
mono, uni
one
bi, di
two
tri
3
quad, quadri, tetra
4
centi
one hunred or one hundreth
milli
one thousandth
diplo
double
hemi, semi
half partly
hyper
excessive, more
hypo
beneath, or below normal
multi, poly
many
nulli
none!
pan
All (Pandemic)
primi
first (primary)
super, ultra
excessive, supercindy supervitamnosis
ab
away from
ad
toward
ante, pre
before in time or in place
circum, peri
around PERIMETER
dia
through (diameter)
ecto, ex, exo, extra
out, w/o, away from
en, endo
inside
epi
above on
hypo, intra, sub
beneath, under
inter
between
intra
within
meso, mid, medio
middle
para
near, beside or abnormal
Per
through or by
post
after, or behind
retro
behind, backward
super, supra
above, beyond
sym, syn
joined, together
trans
across (transdermal)
ante, pre, pro
before
macro, mega, megalo
large or great
a, an
no not without
in
not or insdie
anti, contra
against
brady
slow
dys
bad, difficult
eu
normal
mal
bad MALADJUSTED
pro
favoring
tachy
fast
COLORS
alb/o, albin/o
white
leuko/o
white
chlor/o
green
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
melano/o
black
xanth/o
YELLOW!!!!!!!!!!
cyto/o
cell
gen/o
beginning, origin
genic
produced by or in
genesis
producing or forming
gram
a recordq
graph
instrucment to record
graphy
process of recording
kinesio
movement
leps/o
seizure
lepsy
seizure
log/o
knowledge, words
lys
destruction, dissolving
lysin
that which destroys
lytic
capable of destroying
malac/o
soft sofenting
megal/o
large, enlarged
metro/o
measure, uterine tissue
meter
instrument used to measure
metry
process of measuring
phag
eat, digest YUM YUM
phagia, phagic, phagy
eating or swallowing
phas
phasia speech
pleg
plegia, PARALYSIS
schis/o, schiz/o, schisto/o
schisis, split, cleft
scler/o
hard
scop/o
to examine, to view
scope
instrument used to view
troph/o
trophic, trophy means nutrition?????????/
myc
fungus
narc/o
stupor NARCOTICS
ne/o
new
necr/o
dead
onc/o
swelling/tumor
optic/o, opt/o
vision
ortho/o
straight, orthodonist
pharmac/o
drugs medicine
pho/o
voice
phot/o
light
psych/o
mind
py/o
pus
therm/o
heat
trachea/o
trachea, windpipe, endotracheal
abdomino/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities arms and leggies
blephar/o
eyelid
cephal/o
cephalad; toward head
cyst/o
cyst, bladder, or sac
dactyl/o
digits ldfjldjldj
lapar/o
abdominal wall
omphal/o
umbillicus or your navel
onycho/o
nail
pelv/i
pelvis
periton/o
peritoneum
som/a, somat/o
body!!!!!!!
thorac/o
chest or your thorax!!!!!!!!!!!
crino/o, crine
secrete
dacryo lacrim/o
wah tear tearing crying
emia, hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hidr/o
sweat or perspiration
hydro/o
water
lymph/o
lymph sometimes refers to the lymphatics
poiesis
production
poietin
substance that causes production
sial/o
saliva or the salivary glands
ur/o
urine or urinary tract
anter/o
anterior
poster/o
posterior
ventro/o
ventral belly side
dors/o
dorsal; directed toward or situated on the back side
medi/o
medial, median
later/o
lateral; toward side
super/o
superior ABOVE
infer/o
inferior BELOW
Proxim/o
proximal; nearer to point of attachment
dist/o
distal, far or distant from attachement
caud/o
caudad; toward tail or in posterior direction
What is ADENoid?
gland
What is DERMAtosis?
skin
What is cardioLOGY?
study of
What is CHIROspasm?
hand
What is coloPEXY?
surgical fixation
What is lactOSE?
sugar
What is MAMMOplasty?
breast
What is NEURal?
nerve
What is OPHTHALMOscope?
eye
What is osteoMALACIA?
softening
What is a mastopexy?
surgical fixation of the breast
excision of living tissue for microscopic examination
biopsy
term which means pertaining to skin
cutaneous
means pain along the course of the nerve
neuralagia
means stretching of a structure
dilation
abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissue resulting in swelling
edema

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