Glossary of Chapter 8 Photosynthesis Test
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- How is energy released from ATP?
- By removing phosphates
- The photosynthesis equation
- 6(co2) + 6(h2o) = (c6h12o6) + 6(o2)
- What molecules do plants use to gather the sun's energy?
- Why do plants appear green?
- the pigments absorb blue-violet and red light waves and the greens are reflected back
- Where in the cell does the light reaction occur?
- thylakoids and grana
- What are the products of the light reaction?
- NADPH and ATP
- What is another name for the dark reaction?
- light-independednt reaction or Calvin cycle
- What would happen to a plant if carbon dioxide was removed from the atmosphere?
- the plant would suffocate
- What affects the rate where photosynthensis occurs?
- water availability, temperature, and the amount of light
- Why do plants have accessory pigments?
- the extra pigments capture more light
- What are the three parts of an ATP molecule?
- H+ ions, ADP, and a phosphate
- What is a granum?
- stacks of thylakoids
- What is the region outside of the thylakoids in the chloroplasts called?
- What are the two stages of photosynthesis?
- light and dark reactions
- What are the reactants and products of the light reaction?
- reactants: light, h2o
- What are the reactants and products of the dark reaction?
- reactants: co2
- What were van Helmont's discoveries?
- she discovered that there are certain materials out of the soil that are vital to the growth of plants
- What were Preistly's discoveries?
- he discovered that plants give off a substance (oxygen) that allowed candles to burn longer when a jar is placed over them
- What were Ingenhousz's discoveries?
- she discovered that the plant must have light to give off the substance (oxygen) in Preistly's experiment
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