Glossary of Chapter 17 AP PSYCHOLOGY Vocab
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- Active Listening
- Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates and clarifies. A feature of Rogers\' client-centered therapy.
- Aversive Conditioning
- A type of counter-conditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
- Behavior Therapy
- therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
- Client-centered Therapy
- a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening with a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients\' growth.
- Cognitive Therapy
- therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
- Counter conditioning
- a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning.
- Eclectic Approach
- An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client\'s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.
- Electroconvulsive Therapy
- a bio-medical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.
- Exposure Therapies
- Behavior techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treats anxieties by exposing people to the thing they fear and avoid.
- Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
- A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy.
- Family Therapy
- Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual\'s unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members. As influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family towards positive relationships and improved communication.
- In psychoanalysis, the analyst\'s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.
- A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.
- a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
- Sigmund Freud\'s therapeutic technique. Freud believed that the patient\'s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapists interpretation of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
- surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.
- an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.
- Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (RTMS)
- the application of repeated impulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
- in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
- Systematic Desensitization
- A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant and relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli.
- Tardive Dyskinesia
- involuntary movement of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors.
- Token Economy
- An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
- in psychoanalysis, the patient\'s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).
- Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
- an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.
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