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Glossary of Ch. 15 - Personality VOCAB

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Created by diamondzgirl99

Personality
An individual\'s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Free Association
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
Psychoanalysis
Freud\'s theory of personality that attributes out thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflict; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions.
Unconscious
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware.
Id
Contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
Ego
The largely conscious \"executive\" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id\'s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
Superego
The part of personality that represents interalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations.
Psychosexual stages
The childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which the id\'s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
Oedipus complex
A boy\'s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.
Identification
the process by which children incorporate their parents\' values into their developing superegos.
Fixation
A lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, where conflicts were unresolved.

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