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Glossary of COSMETOLOGY VOCABULARY 1-10

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MSDS
material saftey data sheet
scaling
method of brushing the hair
texture
quality of the hair;
fine,medium,course
porosity
ability of the hair to absorb
density
how many hairs per square inch
elasticity
ability of the hair to stretch
cowlick
a taft of the hair that stands straight up
fumigant
vapor
principle
a foundamental truth
system
standardized method
surfactants
a detergent
contaminant
any substance that can sause contamination
sterilization
completly destroys every organism on a surface
disinfection
controls microorganisms
OSHA
stands for;
occupational saftey and health administration
antiseptic
used to kill bacteria on the skin
disinfectant
kills bacteria on surfaces
pityriasis
is the technical term for dandruff
emollient
an agent that soften and smooths
humectant
something that attracks moisture from the air
anagen
growth cycle of the hair
catagen
resting cycle of the hair growth cycle
telogen
hair stops growing and falls out
monolithic
beaded hair
hypertrichosis
excessive hair growth
trichoptilosis
split hair ends
trichorrhexis nedosa
split hair mid-strand
alopecia
baldness
terminal hair
technical term for hair on your head
canities
grey hair
pityriasis steatoids
oily dandruff
pediculosis
head lice
tinea
ring worm
analyze
examinate,look at it,condition of the hair
onychosis
any nail diseases
onychomychosis
ring worm of the nail
onychia
inflammation of the matrix
onychophagy
nail falls completly off
onychorrhexis
split or brittle nails
epidermis
the first layer of the skin
dermis
second layer of the skin
keratin
protien substance in the hair,skin,and nails
melanin
pigment in the hair and skin
subcutaneous tissue
substance found below skin (fat)
adipose tissue
same as subcutaneous tissue just another name for it
sebaceous gland
oil gland
suderiferous gland
sweat gland
lesion
structural change in the skin
acute
disorder that is short and severe
chronic
mild but long disease
dermatology
study of the skin
bromhidrosis
foul smelling perspiration
nevus
a birthmark
keloid
excessive scar tissue
macule
freckle
cicatrix
scar
bulla
large blister
vesicle
blister
carbunkle
a large boil
area
open space
assess
estimate/synonym-evaluate
anterior
in front of
authority
the right to control
consultation
a conference where advise is given
posterior
behind
superior
above
inferior
below
anatomy
the study of gross structure of the body
phsiology
functions of the body
histology
study of the minute structure of the body
tricology
study of the hair
(ATG) Ammonium Thioglycolate Acid
ph10 relaxer.
pre-shampoo.
Residue
something that remains after a part is removed.
Soft-curl Permanent wave
used to make existing curl bigger.
eumelanin
dark pigment in the hair
pheomelanin
lighter pigment in the hair
toner
goes on top of bleached hair
tone
the highlight you see in warm or cool hair
level
how light or dark the hair is
H2O2
hydrogen peroxide
henna
a vegetable tint
activator
makes the lightener work faster
Reduction
chemical reaction that reduces permanent wave.
Base
cream used to protect the scalp.
Oxidation
chemical reaction that expands molecules in hair.
Lye
sodium hydroxide.
stronger relaxer.
Viscosity
the thickness of something.
Lanthionization
process in which relaxers permanently straighten hair.
Compatible
bonds together/ works well together.
Pliable
moveable.
cortex
second layer of the hair
amino acid
(22)
peptide bonds
chemical bond that join amino acids
polypeptide bonds
many chains of chemical bonds
disulfide bond
formed between two cysteine bond (sulfur)
salt bond
opposite electrical charges (easily broken)
hydrogen bond
weak, attraction to opposite electrical charges
Amino Acids
protein in hair. (has 22)
Side bond
cross bond. (hold together bonds disulfide, salt, hydrogen)
ammonium thioglycolate acid
(ATG)
Ph10 relaxer, weaker relaxer
soft curl permanent wave
2 step permanent wave

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