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Glossary of CLP Mid term

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NAME
this is the first degree biological relations
genetics
Genetics is the first (1)
degree biolgical relations
What is the first degree biolgical relations mean?
refers to the mother-father-son-daughter passage of genes
NAME
this refers to the mother-father-son-daughter passsage of genes
first degree biological relations
NAME
this holds significant predispostions toward inherting psychopthology
genetics
Genetics holds significant (1)
predispostions toward inherting psychopthology
Explain w a example what first degree biological relations mean?
if a mother or a father has a certain type of psychopathology ex depression or biopolar disorder the likeihood that his or her child will inhert the predispostion toward the specfic psychopatholgy and other psychopatholgies increases greatly
NAME
a example of this is if if a mother or a father has a certain type of psychopathology ex depression or biopolar disorder the likeihood that his or her child will inhert the predispostion toward the specfic psychopatholgy and other psychopatholg
first degree biological relations
If a mother or father has a certain type of psychopathology such as depression or bipolar disorder then the specfic psychopathology and other psychopatholgies (1)
increases greatly
If a mother or father has a (1) then the specfic psychopathology and other psychopatholgies increases greatly
certain type of psychopathology such as depression or bipolar disorder
T or F
predisposition towards psychopatholgy is the inherticance of the specfic psychopathology
FAlse
is the predispostion towards a psychopathology the interheternicne of the specfic pscyhopathology such as depression?
no
What is the predispostion toward psychopathology such as depression?
is not the inheritance of the actual depression but the actual genetic possibility for the experession of depression
NAME
this is not the inhertiance of the actual depression but the actual genetic possibility for the expression of the depression
predispostion toward psychopathology
the predispostion toward psychopathologyis not the inhertiance of the actual depression but (1)
the actual genetic possibility for the expression of the depression
the genetic predispostion data helps to (1)
when diagonosing children of impaired parents
NAME
this helps to diagnosing children of impaired parents
genetic predispostion data
What does genetic predispostion data help with?
diagnosing children of impaired parents
What helps to make a more accurate diagnoeses?
if you look for more genetic predispostions and the most common disorder w/in the presented symptoms
if you look for more genetic predispostions and the most common disorder w/in the presented symptoms then this helps to (1)
make a more accurate diagnoses
NAME
this is a big money market in mordern day America
psychotropic medications
Psychotropic medications are a big (1)in mordern day America
big money market
Our society wants a (1)
fast cure and want everything now
give a example of how society wants a fast cure and everything NOW (2)
(1)the number of children that are prescirbed amphetamines for ADHD (2)the number of prescribed antidepressants
T or F
there are a great number of children who are prescribed amphetamines for ADHD and people antidepressants
true
NAME
these are a hudge business
psychotropic medications
T or F
psychotrpic medications are more effective than cognitve and other therapies such as counseling
False
Which is more effective psychotrpic medications or cognitve therapies and other therpaies such as counseling?
cognitive therapy and other therapies such as counsling
What are the pros of psycohtropic medications?
provide a "quick recovery" from symptoms
NAME
a pro of this is that they provide a "quick recovery" from symptoms
psycohtropic medications
What are some cons of psycohtropic medications?
they have many extraparmental side effects
NAME
one con of these are that they have many extraparmental side effects
psychotrpic medications
What are extraparamental side effects?
refers to non intended side effects from drugs
NAME
this refers to the non inteneded side effects from drugs
extraparamental side effects
What are some examples of extraparamental side effects? (7)
(1)errectile dysfunction (2)female arousal disorder (3)weight gain (4)dry mouth (5)insomina (6)decreased appetite (7)mania
NAME
examples of this are erectile dysfunction, female arousal disorder, weight gain, dry mouth, insomina, decreased appetite, mania, and several other
extraparamental side effects
What does erectile dysfunction refer to?
impotence
What is female arousal disorder?
refer to the inabililty to produce vaginal lubrication
NAME
this refers to the inabililty to produce vaginal lubrication
female arousal disorder
extraparamental side effects can make (1)
the cliincal picture worse
(1)can make the clinical picture worse
extraparamental side effects
Give a example of how extraparamental side effects can make the clinical picture worse? (3)
lets say a man had low self esteem and he geets diagnosed with depression. (2)he takes Paxii and within seven days of the treatment he is imptent (3)now he has another reason to have low self esteem
T or F
psychosurgery and ECT are used all the time
false
When are psychusurgery and ECT used?
only as a last resort
What does CT stand for?
cognitive therapy
What does CBT stand for?
cognitive behavioral therapy
CBT can also be called (1)
CT
(1)can also be called CT
CBT
NAME
this is based on the premise of the event
CT
CT is based on the (1)
premise of the event
What are the basic compoenents of cognitive therapy? (3)
(1)the event (2)interpretation of an event (3)emotional response
A person's emotional response to a event is often called the (1)
cognitive affective link
NAME
this is also called the cognitive affective link
a persons emotional response to an event
What we think affects (1)
what we feel
What we (1)affects what we feel
think
Our emotional response leads to (1)
action response that is either adaptive or maladaptive
NAME
this leads toan action response that is either adapative or maladaptive
emotional response
What does adaptive refer to?
a healthy action response
What does maladaptive refer to?
an unhealthy action response
NAME
this refers to an unhealthy action response
maladaptive response
NAME
this refers to a health action response
adaptive response
Give a example of a adaptive response?
in response to anger the person decides to go the gym and work off his anger
NAME
a example of this is when in response to anger the person decides to go the gym and work off his anger
adaptive response
Give a example of a maladaptive response?
in response to anger, a person starts yelling at other people and acting agressivly
NAME
a example of this is when in response to anger a person starts yelling at other people and acting agressivly
maladaptive response
Coginitve therapy often targets the (1)
thoughts that precede negative emotions such as anger
NAME
this targets the thoughts that precede negative emotions such as anger
CT
How does CT target the thoughts that precede negative emotions such as anger?
by it helps people to anayalze congnitive content of the thinking behind the emotion for errors or distortions
NAME
this helps people to anazyle the congnitive content of the thinking behind the emotion for errors or distortions
CT
NAME
a example of this is
you believe that "all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me" (2)
a very common belief system of someone with anger management issues and a irrational belief
Give a example of a very common belief system of someone w anger management issues?
you believe that "all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me"
How can the believe that "all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me" lead to emotion for errors or distortions?
the person might assume or misinterpet his or her action disresepect full even if they where not being dispresepctful
Give a example of a irrational belief?
"all people must respect me" and if they do not then "I will seek revenage" or "make them respect me"
What is a problem with irrational beliefs?
is that they are eventually going to be a danger to myself or someone else
NAME
one problem w this is that they are eventually going to be a danger to myself or someone else
irrational beliefs
Give a example of another distored thinking? (NOTE not the anger one) (2)
a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes that the noise is a burglar or rapist. Her thought immediately leads to the emotion fear (2)in that same scenario w the noise, the women thinks it is a glass she left on the table and it fell which leads to the emotion of feeling silly
NAME
a example of this is a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes that the noise is a burglar or rapist. Her thought immediately leads to the emotion fear
disorted thinking
NAME
a example of this is a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes it is a glass she left on the table and it fell which leads to the emotion of feeling silly
distorted thinking
a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes that the noise is a burglar or rapist. Her thought immediately leads to the emotion fear

(1)What was the event?
(2)what are the emotional response?
(3)What act
(1)unexlpained noise
(2)danger-fear
(3)she made an aribitary inference. she made an assumption that an acutally event occured w no facts. The truth is she experienced the emotion as if the event actually occured and there was no evidence to ensure the thought was accurate
(4)situation-unexplained noise then the women veiwed the noised based on her past experience of being raped or robbsed
a example of this is a women is alone her home. She hears a noise. W/out checking she assumes it is a glass she left on the table and it fell which leads to the emotion of feeling silly
(1)What was the event?
(2)what are the emotional response?
(1)unexplained noise
(2)forgetfulness
(3)she made an aribitary inference. she made an assumption that an acutally event occured w no facts. The truth is she experienced the emotion as if the event actually occured and there was no evidence to ensure the thought was accurate
(4)situation-unexaplained noise then the women viewd the noise based on her past experience being clumsy
What is order of emotion?
(1)situation (2)the person views the situation based on a past learning history
T or F
thoughts, emotions, behaviors, social cultural, and physiolgocial processes are all going on at once
true
(1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) are all going on at once
(1)thoughts
(2)emotions
(3)behaviors
(4)social cultural
(5)physiological processes
T or F
thoughts, emotions, behaviors, social cultural, and physiolgocial processes are all going on at once and occur in a linear format
false
Do thoughts, emotions, behaviors, social cultural, and physiolgocial processes occur in a linear format?
no
SCENERIO-
I ask a girl out to dinner and she says no. I immediately think i am loser because people made fun of me, i was riduculed at home, and my first sexual experience was a diseaster. i also think that she would never go out w me anyway, i am g
(1)situation- i ask a girl to dinner and she says no
view of situation based on past expereince - how people made fun of me, i got riducled at home, and my first sexual experience was a disester
(2)thought- i am a loser, she would never go out w me anyway, i am geek thats what i get for trying to a girl that pretty..
(3)emotion-sadness and embrassement
(4)avoidence, self ridcule, and introversion
Why are assesment and diagnosis so important?
bc you must define it in order to treat it
What is assesment?
is the process we use to determine what is wrong w a patient
NAME
this is the process we use to determine what is wrong w a patient
assesment
what is diagnosis?
is the specfic category a patient falls under defining his or her psychotopathology
NAME
this is the specfic category a patient falls under defining his or her psychotpathololgy
diagnosis
What is a mental status exam?
is when the patient is interviewed
NAME
in this test the patient is interviewed
mental status exam
What is the neuropsychological assesment?
is a test used to determine functioning of the brain faculities
NAME
this is a test used to determine the functioning of the brain faculities
neuropsychological assesment
What does malingering mean?
refers to lying
NAME
this refers to lyining
malingering
What is malingering?
lying
NAME
this is lying
malingering
What is the MMPI-2 test?
is a true and false test with a measure of malingering
NAME
this is a true and false test w a measure of malingering
MMPI-2 test
What is the TAT stand for?
thermatic apperception test
Give examples of some assesment tools? (5)
(1)intelligence assesments (2)structured interviews and mental status exams (3)neuropsychological assesments (4)objective tests such as MMPI-2 (5)projective tests such as the infamous Rorshach inkblot and the TAT
NAME
some examples of these include intelligence assesments, structured interviews and mental status exams, neuropsychological assesments, objective tests such as MMPI-2, and projective tests such as the infamous rorsach inkblot and the TAT
assement tools
Given an example of a objective test
MMPI-2
NAME
a example of this is the MMPI-2 test
objective tests
What are some examples of projective tests? (2)
(1)infamous rorchach inkblot test (2)the TAT
NAME
some examples of these include the infamous rorscach inkblot test and the TAT
projective tests
All of the assesment tools have (1)
scales to measure what they purpose to measure or vailidilty scales
NAME
all of these have scales to measure what they purpose to measure or vailidity scales
assesment tools
T or F
some assemnent test are more valid then others
true
In the state of FL, what is the only test that is adimissible in court?
Welscher Intelligence Scale
What is the Welscher Intelligence scale?
is the only test in the state of FL that is adimissible in court
T or F
some courts will allow the MMPI-2 or MMPI-A test in court bc is has an uncanny way of aiding diagnositics and scales to measure people lying and justifying treatment
true
NAME
this is allowed in some courts bc of it'suncanny way of aiding diagnositics and scales to measure people lying and justifying treatment
MMPI-2 or MMPI-A
The diagnostic system is made up of (1)
5 axes
NAME
this is made up of 5 axes
diagnostic system
What is Axis I? (12)
contains (1)mood disorders (2)Childhood disorders (3)psychotic disorders (4)affective disorders mixed with Schizophrenia (5)anxiety disorders (6)cogntivie disorders (7)impulse control disorders (8)kleptomania (9)substane abuse disorders (10)eating disorders (11)facitious disorders (12)disociative disorders
NAME
this contains some of the following disorders: mood disorders, childhood disorders, psychotic disorders, affective disorders mixed w schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, impuslse control disorders, kleptomania, substane abuse disorders ,eating dis
Axis I
Give some examples of mood disorders that are part of Axis I? (2)
(1)bipolar disorder (2)depression
NAME AXIS
this contains bipolar disorders, and depression
Axis I
NAME
examples of this include bipolar disorder and depression
mood disorder
What are some examples of childhood disorders? (5)
(1)ADHD (2)enruesis (3)pica (4)autism (5)pervaise developmental disorders
NAME
examples of some of these include ADHD, enruesis, pica, autism, pervaise, and developmental disorders
childhood disorders
NAME AXIS

ADHD
axis 1
NAME AXIS
enruesia
1
NAME AXIS
pica
axis 1
NAME AXIS
autism
1
NAME AXIS
pervaisve developmental disorders
1
What is enuresis?
urinating on onse self
NAME
this urinating one one's self
enuresis
What is pica?
is the eating of non-nontritional objects such as hair, paste, and crayons etc
NAME
this is the eating of non-nontritional objects such as hair, paste, and crayons etc
pica
What are V codes?
are axis 1 codes that are said to be exacerabate or be etiologically related to the presenting problem such as parent childhood relational problems, malingering, and recent loss of loved one
NAME
this are axis 1 codes that are said to be exacerbate or etiologically related to the presnting problem such as parent childhood relational problems, malingering, and the recent loss of a loved on
V codes
NAME AXIS
mood disorders
1
NAME AXIS
childhood disorders
1
NAME AXIS
psychotic disorders
1
NAME AXIS
schizophrenia
1
NAME AXIS
affective disorders mixed w schizophrenia
1
NAME AXIS
schizoaffective disorder
1
NAME AXIS
congnitive disorders
1
NAME AXIS
dementia
1
NAME AXIS
derlirium
1
NAME AXIS
impulse control disorders
1
NAME AXIS
ADHD
1
NAME AXIS
intermiitent explosive disorder
1
NAME AXIS
kleptomania
1
WHat are some examples of congntive disorders? (2)
(1)demenita (2)delirium
NAME
some examples of these include dementia and delirum
congtintive disorders
What are some examples of impulsive control disorders? (2)
(1)ADHD (2)intermittent explosive disorder
NAME
some examples of these include ADHD, intermitten explosive disorder
impulsive control disorders
What is intermittent explosive disorder?
is the enragement quite disproprotionate to the situation
NAME
is the enragement quite disprprotionate to the situation
intermittent explosive disorder
What is kleptomania?
refers to compulsive stealing
NAME
this refers to compulsive stealing
kelptomania
NAME AXIS
substance abuse disorders
1
NAME AXIS
eating disorders
1
NAME AXIS
anorexia bulimina
1
NAME AXIS
bulimina
1
NAME AXIS
facitous disorders
1
NAME AXIS
dissocative identity disorders
1
NAME AXIS
personaility disorders
2
NAME AXIS
mental retardation
2
What is axis 2?
contains personaility disorders and mental retardation
NAME
this contains personialitly disorder and mental retartdation
axis 2
What does a welshcer IQ score below 70 indicate?
mental retardation
What score on the Welscher IQ test can indicate mental retardation?
70
NAME
a score below 70 on this test can indicate mental retardation
Welscher IQ test
What are personailtiy disorders?
are pervasive patterns of maladaptive behaviors resulting in social, educational, and or occupatioanl functioning
NAME
this are pervasive patterns of maladaptive behvarios resulting in social, educational, and or occuaptioanl functioning
personaility disorders
T or F
you can be 17 and diagnosed w Axis II personaility disorder
false
What is the limiting criteria for being diagnosed with Axis II?
you must be 18 yrs or older
How must you be to be diagnosed with axis II?
18 years or older
T or F
you can clearly see features of Axis II far before age 18
true
Usally people with (1)will have patterns of unstable realtionships, a criminal history, or several other traits
axis II
NAME
people with this axis, usally have patterns of unstable relationship, a criminal hisotry, or several other traits
axis II
What is one thing that most people who have axis II have in commmon?
most people usally have unstable relationhsip or criminal history
What is axis III?
contains medical conditions such as asthma, chronic headaches etc
NAME
this contains medical conditions such as asthema, and chronic headaches etc
axis III
NAME AXIS
medical conditions
III
NAME AXIS
asthma
III
NAME AXIS
chornic headaches
III
What is axis IV?
contains psychosocial stressors such as legal issues and family discord
NAME
this contains psychosocial stressors such as legal issues and family discord
axis IV
NAME AXIS
psychosical stressors such as legal issues and family discord
IV
What is axis V?
contains global assessements of functioning
NAME
this contains global assessments of functioning
axis V
In order for somone to be diagnosed with Axis I or II, they must (1)
clearly have dysfunction in social, educational, or occupational functioning
NAME
in order to be diagnosed with this, someone must clearly have a dysfunction in social, educational, or occupational functioning
axis I or II
Whta is social dysfunction?
is defined as arrests, failure in marriage etc
NAME
this is defined as arrests, failure in marriage etc
social dysfunction
What is educational dysfunction?
is failing grades and suspensions
NAME
this is failing grades and suspensions
educational dysfunctions
What is occupational dysfunction?
is the inabililty to remain employed etc and the inabililty to self sustain
NAME
this is the inabililty to remain employed etc and the inabililty to self sustain
occupational dysfunction
T or F
disorders occur in certain frequency
tru
What does it mean that diagnoses have a specfic prevalence?
it means that disorders occur in certain frequencies
Disordesr occurs in certain (1)
frequencies
Diagnoses have specfic (1)
prevalence
What is the best thing to do when a person has 2 different possibilites of diagnosis?
to go w the most common or more frequent diagnosis
What is the American Psychiartic assocation's def of psychopathology?
as the marked impairment of social, occupational, and or educational functioning, not just symptoms or symptopm clusters
NAME
this defined as " the marked impairment of social, occupational, and or educational functioning, not just symptpoms or symptoms clusters"
the def of psychopathology according to the American Psychiartic assoaction
T or F
every indivdual will have ceratin symptoms as well as indications of mental disorders at times in his or her life
true
T or F
current reserach indicates that more than 50% of Americans will have some sort of mental disorder in thier lifetime
true
current resreach indicates that more than (1)of Americans will have some sort of mental disorder in thier lifetime
50%
current research indicates that more than 50% of Americans will have some sort of (1)during thier lifetime
mental disorder
NAME
this is vary unfortunate and debilating illnesss that robs an invidual of a lot more than "realilty"
psychosis
What are (2) types of symptoms of psychosis?
(1)PS (2)NS
What does PS stand for?
postive symptoms
What does NS stand for?
negative symptoms
NAME
this consist of two symptoms:PS and NS
psychoses
What are PS?
are additive symtpoms added to thier psychotic person
NAME
this are additive symptoms added to thier psychotic person
PS
What are NS?
are things that are taken away from an individual as a result of thier ilnness
NAME
these are things that are taken away from an invidual as a result of thier illness
NS
What are some common bevhaviors and sign of psychosis? (3)
(1)people you see on the street talking to themselves (2)wearing odd clothes such as thermal down coat in Florida heat, and/or a helment (3)hording odd objects in a shopping cart
NAME
some common behavrios that are a sign of this are people you see on the street talking to themselves, wearing old clothes such as thermal down coat in the Florida heat, a helmet, and the hording of odd objects in a shopping cart
psychosis
Why do people wear incongruent clothing such as a heavy coat in the Florida heat?
bc due to the psychoses, thier body's NS has lost the abililty to regulate temperature
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOM
the hording of objects
NS
The hording of objects can be a big indicator of (1)
schizoid or schizotypal personailitly traits
The (1)can be a big indicator of schizoid or schizotypal personaililty traits
hording of objects
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
thought distortions or thought disturbances
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
hallucinations
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
disorganized speech
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
delusions
PS
NAME TYPE OF SYMPTOMS
catatonia
PS
What are the different types of hallucinations? (4)
(1)auditory (2)tactile (3)gustatory (4)olfactory
NAME
this has 4 different types: auditory, tactile, gustatory, and olfactory
halluciations
Give a example of a Tactile hallucination?
bugs crawling on the skin
NAME
a example of this is bugs crawling on their sking when there are no bugs
tactile hallucination
What is disorganized speech?
sounds like they are speaking in tongues
NAME
this refers to when they sound like they are speaking in tongues
disorganized speech
What are delusions?
are fixed false beliefs
NAME
these are fixed false beliefs
delusions
Give (2)examples of delusions?
(1)"the aliens are my grapefruit vendor" (2)the CIA is coming to get me
NAME
a example of this is "the aleins are my grapefruit vendor"
delusions
NAME
an example of this is the "CIA is coming to get me"
delusions
What is catatonia?
is identified by waxy movements or empty stares and the inabililty to move
NAME
this is indentifed by waxy movements or empty stares and the inabililty to move
catatonia
What is dopamine?
is a very imporant neurotransmitter in pleasure or movement
NAME
this is a very important neurotransmitter in pleasure or movement
dopamine
What are (2)hypothesis was to why catatonia occurs?
(1)
What are (2) hypothesis as to why SCZ occurs?
(1)some feel that it is a reaction to pathological bonding relationship w the mother cuasing a perceptual split (2)is that the brain ventricles in the brain are much larger in schizophernic patients which causes other brain regions to be smaller including the prefrontal cortex. It is hypothezed that the dopamine causes erratic neuron firing cuasing PS hallicintions in possibly all of four senses
NAME
one hypothesis as to why this occurs is becauase is that the brain ventricles in the brain are much larger in schizophernic patients which causes other brain regions to be smaller including the prefrontal cortex. It is hypothezed that the dopam
SCZ
NAME
one hypothesis as to why this occurs is becauseof a reaction to pathological bonding relationship w the mother cuasing a pereceptual split
SCZ

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