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Glossary of CHI401 Exam

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一次性产品
yicixing chanpin

one time use product

饭店
fandian

hotel/restaurant

讨厌
taoyan

to hate/loathe

质量
zhiliang

quality

cha

poor, inferior

不见得

bu jian de

not necessarily

双竹筷子
shuang zhu kuaizi

pair of bamboo chopsticks

hei

black

nian

sticky

服务员

fuwuyuan

waiter

huan

to change

duan

to break

不如
buru

to be unequal/inferior to

大量
daliang

large quantity

使用
shiyong

to use/employ

进步
jinbu

improvement, progress

尽管
jin'guan

even though, despite

目前
muqian

at the present

方向
fangxiang

direction

人口
renkou

population

资源
ziyuan

natural resources

shao

few; little

回收
huishou

to reclaim/to recycle/recover

重复
chongfu

to repeat

diu

to discard

污染
wuran

to pollute

环境
huanjing

environment

quan

whole, entire

亿
yi

hundred million/billion

reng

to throw away, toss

好处
haochu

advantage

坏处
huaichu

disadvantage

难道
nandao

could it be that (rhetorical question)

经济
jingji

economy

条件
tiaojian

condition, term, prerequisite

造成
zaocheng

to cause (problems)

世界
shijie

world

国家
guojia

country

zhi

paper

bei

cup, glass

纸巾
zhijin

paper towel, tissue paper

甚至于

shenzhiyu

even to the point that, even

内裤
neiku

underpants

树木
shumu

trees, wood

保护
baohu

to protect

森林
senlin

forest

提倡
tichang

to advocate

塑料
suliao

plastics

最近
zuijin

recently

电视
dianshi

television

quan

to urge/persuade

袋子
daizi

bags

广告
guanggao

advertisement

垃圾
laji

gargabe

hun

to mix

分类
fenlei

to sort, classify

kao

to rely on, depend on

sheng

livelihood

实际上

shijishang

actually, in reality

想像
xiangxiang

to imagine

风景区

fengjingqu

a scenic spot

易拉罐

yilaguan

pop-top can

矿泉水

kuangquanshui

mineral water

瓶子
pingzi

bottle

感谢
ganxie

to thank/be grateful

下一代
xia yi dai

the next generation

防盗

fangdao

to guard against theft

防火
fanghuo

to prevent fires

校园
xiaoyuan

campus

跑步
paobu

to jog

大门
damen

main entrance

suo

to lock up/ lock (n)

rang

to allow

里面
li mian

inside; interior

外面
外头
wai mian/ wai tou

outside

以为
yi wei

to think or believe erroneously; to assume incorrectly

晚上
wanshang

evening

失火
shihuo

to catch on fire/be on fire

shao

to burn

si

to die

单位
danwei

work unit

tou

to steal

听说
tingshuo

to hear of

重要
zhongyao

important

小偷
xiao tou

thief

固然

guran

though of course, admittedly

防范
fangfan

to be on guard, keep a lookout

火灾
huozai

fire disaster

伤害
shanghai

to harm/injure

偷窃
touqie

stealing/theft (n)

顶多
dingduo

at (the) most

不过
buguo

merely, only

照相机

zhaoxiangji

camera

现金
xianjin

cash

一旦
yidan

once, some time or other

甚至
shenzhi

even, so much that

财产
caichan

property

损失
sunshi

loss (n) to lose (v)

超过
chaoguo

to exceed/surpass

一辈子

yibeizi

all one's life, a lifetime

peng

to encounter/run into

主要
zhuyao

mainly

着想
zhuoxiang

to give consideration to/for the sake of sb.sth.

领导
lingdao

leader/leadership

汇报
huibao

to report, given an account of

乞丐
qigai

beggar

购物中心

gouwu zhongxing

shopping center

qun

MW group; flock; swarm

围住
weizhu

to surround/enclose

扯住
chezhu

to pull

裙子
qunzi

skirt

qiao

to look at/to see

好好的

haohaode

good

tiao

MW for long, narrow things

nong

to make

mao

MW a dime, 1/10 yuan

同情心

tongqingxin

sympathy, compassion

不得已

budeyi

to have no alternative

鼓励
guli

to encourage

不劳而获

bu lao er huo

to reap without sowing

公平
gongpin

fair

所谓
suowei

adj. so-called

解决
jiejue

to resolve/solve

解决不了

jiejue bu liao

cannot be resolved/not able to solve

养成
yangcheng

to form/cultivate (habits)

懒惰
landuo

lazy, indolent

依靠
yikao

to rely on

习惯
xiguan

habit

hai

to harm, to injure

lan

lazy (more spoken)

社会制度

shehuizhidu

social system

合理
heli

reasonable, equitable

贫富不均

pinfubujun

uneven distribution of wealth

努力
nuli

v/adj. to work hard, make effort

过错
guocuo

fault, mistake

个人
geren

individual

失败
shibai

to fail, to lose

责任
zeren

responsibility, blame

tui

to shift, to defuse, to push

负责任
fuzeren

responsible (adj)

态度
taidu

attitude

任何
renhe

any, whatever (adj)

免不了

mianbuliao

inevitable, unavoidable

竞争
jingzheng

competition/to compete

只要
zhiyao

so long as; provided that

zhe

one who ...

成功
chenggong

to succeed/ success

负担
fudan

burden (n)

表面上
biaomian shang

on the surface (adv)

看来
kanlai

it looks, it appears

充满
chongman

to be full of (v)

做法
zuofa

way of doing or making a thing, method

阻碍
zu ai

to hinder, to impede

有道理
youdao li

to make sense (v)

从前
congqian

in the past, formerly (n)

办公室

ban gong shi

office

喝茶
he cha

to drink tea

看报

kanbao

to read newspaper

na

to receive

工资
gongzi

wages, pay

凡是
fanshi

all, any (adj)

能力
nengli

ability

害怕
hai pa

to fear

残酷
canku

cruel

代价
daijia

price (n)

无家可归

wujiakegui

to be homeless

怀疑
huai yi

to suspect

改革开放

gaigekaifang

the reform and open up policy

永远
yongyuan

forever

大锅饭

daguofan

big pot rice -- metaphor for life in China before reform policies

稀饭
xifan

rice gruel, porridge

馒头
man tou

steamed bun

打官司

daguansi

to go to court

麦当劳

Mai dang lao

McDonald's

咖啡

kafei

coffee

tang

v/adj. to burn; boiling

于是
yishi

consequently, as a result

gao

to sue, to go to law against

pei

to compensate, to pay for

好几
haoji

quite a few

不可思议

bu ke si yi

unimaginable, inconceivable

法院
fayuan

court

人权
ren quan

human rights

交通
jiaotong

traffic

事故
shigu

n. accident

大事
dashi

great event, important matter

老百姓

laobaixing

common people, civilians

稀奇
xiqi

rare, strange, unusual

律师
lvshi

lawyer

生意
shengyi

business

职业
zhiye

occupation

... 之一
zhiyi

one of..

出车祸

chu che huo

to get into a car accident

离婚
lihun

to get a divorce

to set up/to write up
遗嘱
yizhu

n. will (last will and testament)

一生
yi sheng

all one's life

打交道

da jiao dao

to make contact with, have dealings with

行业
hangye

profession

争执
zhengzhi

to dispute

除非
chufei

only if, unless

自古
zigu

since ancient times

表示
biao shi

to show, to indicate

法治
fa zhi

rule of law

司法
sifa

judicial

制度
zhidu

system

有信心
you xin xin

to be confident of

得到
de dao

to gain, to get

侵害
qinhai

to infringe upon

知识产权

zhi shi chan quan

intellectual property rights

案子
an zi

(law) case

比较
bijiao

fairly; to compare

渐渐
jian jian

gradually (adv)

学者
xue zhe

to learn to

you

by; through (preposition)

风气
fengqi

common practice

和谐
hexie

harmonious

人治

renzhi

rule of people

不可避免

bu ke bi mian

inevitable, unavoidable

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