Glossary of C-D-3

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deficiency n
Lack or insufficiency
deficient adj
Not having an adequate or proper supply or amount
definite adj
Having an exact signification or positive meaning
deflect v
To cause to turn aside or downward
deforest v
To clear of forests
deform v
To disfigure
deformity n
A disfigurement
defraud v
To deprive of something dishonestly
defray v
To make payment for
degeneracy n
A becoming worse
degenerate v
To become worse or inferior
degradation n
Diminution, as of strength or magnitude
degrade v
To take away honors or position from
dehydrate v
To deprive of water
deify v
To regard or worship as a god
deign v
To deem worthy of notice or account
deist n
One who believes in God, but denies supernatural revelation
deity n
A god, goddess, or divine person
deject v
To dishearten
dejection n
delectable adj
Delightful to the taste or to the senses
delectation n
deleterious adj
Hurtful, morally or physically
delicacy n
That which is agreeable to a fine taste
delineate v
To represent by sketch or diagram
deliquesce v
To dissolve gradually and become liquid by absorption of moisture from the air
delirious adj
delude v
To mislead the mind or judgment of
deluge v
To overwhelm with a flood of water
delusion n
Mistaken conviction, especially when more or less enduring
demagnetize v
To deprive (a magnet) of magnetism
demagogue n
An unprincipled politician
demeanor n
demented adj
demerit n
A mark for failure or bad conduct
demise n
demobilize v
To disband, as troops
demolish v
To annihilate
demonstrable adj
Capable of positive proof
demonstrate v
To prove indubitably
demonstrative adj
Inclined to strong exhibition or expression of feeling or thoughts
demonstrator n
One who proves in a convincing and conclusive manner
demulcent n
Any application soothing to an irritable surface
demurrage n
the detention of a vessel beyond the specified time of sailing
dendroid adj
Like a tree
dendrology n
The natural history of trees
denizen n
denominate v
To give a name or epithet to
denomination n
A body of Christians united by a common faith and form of worship and discipline
denominator n
Part of a fraction which expresses the number of equal parts into which the unit is divided
denote v
To designate by word or mark
denouement n
That part of a play or story in which the mystery is cleared up
denounce v
To point out or publicly accuse as deserving of punishment, censure, or odium
dentifrice n
Any preparation used for cleaning the teeth
denude v
To strip the covering from
denunciation n
The act of declaring an action or person worthy of reprobation or punishment
deplete v
To reduce or lessen, as by use, exhaustion, or waste
deplorable adj
deplore v
To regard with grief or sorrow
deponent adj
Laying down
depopulate v
To remove the inhabitants from
deport v
To take or send away forcibly, as to a penal colony
deportment n
deposition n
Testimony legally taken on interrogatories and reduced to writing, for use as evidence in court
depositor n
One who makes a deposit, or has an amount deposited
depository n
A place where anything is kept in safety
deprave v
To render bad, especially morally bad
deprecate v
To express disapproval or regret for, with hope for the opposite
depreciate v
To lessen the worth of
depreciation n
A lowering in value or an underrating in worth
depress v
To press down
depression n
A falling of the spirits
depth n
derelict adj
Neglectful of obligation
deride v
To ridicule
derisible adj
Open to ridicule
derision n
derivation n
That process by which a word is traced from its original root or primitive form and meaning
derivative adj
Coming or acquired from some origin
derive v
To deduce, as from a premise
dermatology n
The branch of medical science which relates to the skin and its diseases
derrick n
An apparatus for hoisting and swinging great weights
descendant n
One who is descended lineally from another, as a child, grandchild, etc
descendent adj
Proceeding downward
descent n
The act of moving or going downward
descry v
To discern
desert v
To abandon without regard to the welfare of the abandoned
desiccant n
Any remedy which, when applied externally, dries up or absorbs moisture, as that of wounds
designate v
To select or appoint, as by authority
desist v
To cease from action
desistance n
despair n
Utter hopelessness and despondency
desperado n
One without regard for law or life
desperate adj
Resorted to in a last extremity, or as if prompted by utter despair
despicable adj
despite prep
In spite of
despond v
To lose spirit, courage, or hope
despondent adj
despot n
An absolute and irresponsible monarch
despotism n
Any severe and strict rule in which the judgment of the governed has little or no part
destitute adj
desultory adj
Not connected with what precedes
deter v
To frighten away
deteriorate v
To grow worse
determinate adj
Definitely limited or fixed
determination n
The act of deciding
deterrent adj
Hindering from action through fear
detest v
To dislike or hate with intensity
detract v
To take away in such manner as to lessen value or estimation
detriment n
Something that causes damage, depreciation, or loss
detrude v
To push down forcibly
deviate v
To take a different course
devilry n
Malicious mischief
deviltry n
Wanton and malicious mischief
devious adj
Out of the common or regular track
devise v
To invent
devout adj
dexterity n
Readiness, precision, efficiency, and ease in any physical activity or in any mechanical work
diabolic adj
Characteristic of the devil
diacritical adj
Marking a difference
diagnose v
To distinguish, as a disease, by its characteristic phenomena
diagnosis n
Determination of the distinctive nature of a disease
dialect n
Forms of speech collectively that are peculiar to the people of a particular district
dialectician n
A logician
dialogue n
A formal conversation in which two or more take part
diaphanous adj
diatomic adj
Containing only two atoms
diatribe n
A bitter or malicious criticism
dictum n
A positive utterance
didactic adj
Pertaining to teaching
difference n
Dissimilarity in any respect
differentia n
Any essential characteristic of a species by reason of which it differs from other species
differential adj
differentiate v
To acquire a distinct and separate character
diffidence n
diffident adj
Affected or possessed with self-distrust
diffusible adj
Spreading rapidly through the system and acting quickly
diffusion n
dignitary n
One who holds high rank
digraph n
A union of two characters representing a single sound
digress v
To turn aside from the main subject and for a time dwell on some incidental matter
dilapidated pa
Fallen into decay or partial ruin
dilate v
To enlarge in all directions
dilatory adj
Tending to cause delay
dilemma n
A situation in which a choice between opposing modes of conduct is necessary
dilettante n
A superficial amateur
diligence n
Careful and persevering effort to accomplish what is undertaken
dilute v
To make more fluid or less concentrated by admixture with something
diminution n
dimly adv
diphthong n
The sound produced by combining two vowels in to a single syllable or running together the sounds
diplomacy n
Tact, shrewdness, or skill in conducting any kind of negotiations or in social matters
diplomat n
A representative of one sovereign state at the capital or court of another
diplomatic adj
Characterized by special tact in negotiations
diplomatist n
One remarkable for tact and shrewd management
disagree v
To be opposite in opinion
disallow v
To withhold permission or sanction
disappear v
To cease to exist, either actually or for the time being
disappoint v
To fail to fulfill the expectation, hope, wish, or desire of
disapprove v
To regard with blame
disarm v
To deprive of weapons
disarrange v
To throw out of order
disavow v
To disclaim responsibility for
disavowal n
disbeliever n
One who refuses to believe
disburden v
To disencumber
disburse v
To pay out or expend, as money from a fund
discard v
To reject
discernible adj
disciple n
One who believes the teaching of another, or who adopts and follows some doctrine
disciplinary adj
Having the nature of systematic training or subjection to authority
discipline v
To train to obedience
disclaim v
To disavow any claim to, connection with, or responsibility to
discolor v
To stain
discomfit v
To put to confusion
discomfort n
The state of being positively uncomfortable
disconnect v
To undo or dissolve the connection or association of
disconsolate adj
discontinuance n
Interruption or intermission
discord n
Absence of harmoniousness
discountenance v
To look upon with disfavor
discover v
To get first sight or knowledge of, as something previously unknown or unperceived
discredit v
To injure the reputation of
discreet adj
discrepant adj
discriminate v
To draw a distinction
discursive adj
Passing from one subject to another
discussion n
disenfranchise v
To deprive of any right privilege or power
disengage v
To become detached
disfavor n
disfigure v
To impair or injure the beauty, symmetry, or appearance of
dishabille n
Undress or negligent attire
dishonest adj
disillusion v
To disenchant
disinfect v
To remove or destroy the poison of infectious or contagious diseases
disinfectant n
A substance used to destroy the germs of infectious diseases
disinherit v
To deprive of an inheritance
disinterested adj
disjunctive adj
Helping or serving to disconnect or separate
dislocate v
To put out of proper place or order
dismissal n
Displacement by authority from an office or an employment
dismount v
To throw down, push off, or otherwise remove from a horse or the like
disobedience n
Neglect or refusal to comply with an authoritative injunction
disobedient adj
Neglecting or refusing to obey
disown v
To refuse to acknowledge as one's own or as connected with oneself
disparage v
To regard or speak of slightingly
disparity n
dispel v
To drive away by or as by scattering in different directions
dispensation n
That which is bestowed on or appointed to one from a higher power
displace v
To put out of the proper or accustomed place
dispossess v
To deprive of actual occupancy, especially of real estate
disputation n
Verbal controversy
disqualify v
To debar
disquiet v
To deprive of peace or tranquillity
disregard v
To take no notice of
disreputable adj
Dishonorable or disgraceful
disrepute n
A bad name or character
disrobe v
To unclothe
disrupt v
To burst or break asunder
dissatisfy v
To displease
dissect v
To cut apart or to pieces
dissection n
The act or operation of cutting in pieces, specifically of a plant or an animal
dissemble v
To hide by pretending something different
disseminate v
To sow or scatter abroad, as seed is sown
dissension n
Angry or violent difference of opinion
dissent n
dissentient n
One who disagrees
dissentious adj
dissertation n
disservice n
An ill turn
dissever v
To divide
dissimilar adj
dissipate v
To disperse or disappear
dissipation n
The state of being dispersed or scattered
dissolute adj
dissolution n
A breaking up of a union of persons
dissolve v
To liquefy or soften, as by heat or moisture
dissonance n
dissonant adj
Harsh or disagreeable in sound
dissuade v
To change the purpose or alter the plans of by persuasion, counsel, or pleading
dissuasion n
The act of changing the purpose of or altering the plans of through persuasion, or pleading
disyllable n
A word of two syllables
distemper n
A disease or malady
distend v
To stretch out or expand in every direction
distensible adj
Capable of being stretched out or expanded in every direction
distention n
distill v
To extract or produce by vaporization and condensation
distillation n
Separation of the more volatile parts of a substance from those less volatile
distiller n
One occupied in the business of distilling alcoholic liquors

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