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Glossary of Bone Terms

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Created by SnowfireXV

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Process
a projection from the surface of the bone
Tubercle
a small bump on the bone
Tuberosity
a large bump on the bone
Trochanter
a large bump on the femur
Ramus
a brancj
Spine
a short, sharp projection
Head
a hemispheric projection that articulates with another bone
neck
a constriction below the head
Condyle
an irrgular, smooth surface that articulates with another bone
Epicondyle
a bump on the condyle
crest
an elevated ridge of bone
line
an elevation smaller than a crest
facet
a smooth, flat face
foramen
a shallow hole
sinus
a cavity in a bone
meatus or canal
a deep hole
fossa
a shallow surface depression in the bone
notch
a deep cutout in the bone
groove or sulcus
an elongated depression
fissure
a long, deep cleft in the bone
Epiphysis
promixal and distal ends of the bone
Diaphysis
the long shaft in the middle portion of the bone
Articular Cartilage
located on ephiphysis, compsed of hyaline cartilage and decreases friction
medullary cavity
hollow innermost section, occupied by marrow
periosteum
outer covering of teh bone, dense irregular collagenous connection tissue. anchoring point of tendons and ligaments
endosteum
inner lining surface of long bones, near marrow cavity, lining the central cana
compact bone
hard compact outer portion of bone
spongy bone
made of trabeculae. runs parallel as the stress is applied to the bone

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