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Glossary of Biology Test Part 1

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Created by dancetapper301

the science of classification
toxonomy
all organisms of a kind in an area
population
Linnaeus believed in
fixity of species
a group of organisms that are capable of reproducing more of that group
kind
the science of heredity (inheritance)
genetics
Taxonomy is the science of
classification
The first human taxonomist
Adam
One of the first Greek taxonomists who grouped animals by blood color and plants by size and shape
Aristotle
The "Father of Modern Taxonomy" is a name given to
Linnaeaus
Classification groupings today are made on the basis of how organisms are
similiar and different
T or F
After its kind means reproduction of new kinds of living things.


False
herbs, shrubs, trees; red and nonred blood
Aristotle
medical and agricultural plants with fables
Pliny
one of first Renaissance scientists to use firsthand observations to write about plants
Cordus
grouped plants on similarities, idea of species
Ray
two-word, scientific names; Species Plantarum
Linnaues
Linnaeus' contributions to taxonomy were the "blank" system for easier"blank"
binomial, classification
God introduced the concepts that would lead to the science of taxonomy by commanding Adam to
name animals
Moses wrote down the concepts with the authority and inspiration of
God
Taxonomy is the key to organization because it is the science that brings "blank and blank" to the puzzle of God's creation
order and meaning
When Genesis speaks of the genetic principle of parents producing offspring like themselves, it uses the phrase
after its kind
Theophrastos was considered the "Father of Botany" as early as
300 B.C.
Linnaeus' concept of kinds differed from ours today in holding that:
variation doens't exsist
The concept of "fixity of species" was a common belief based on a very limited understanding of
the phrase " after it's kind"
The lesson listed several disciplines that relate to taxonomy. List two of them
botany, zoologology
When Moses recorded
Genesis
T or F
John Ray introduced a new method of grouping by similarities in appearance.








true
Aristotle contributed to the science of taxonomy when he classified animals in ""blank groups and plants in "blank" groups
2 3
An ideal taxonomic system is not easy to develop because:



there is a multitude os possible schemes
The accelerated growth and advances in taxonomy as a science occurred during:



the renaissance
One of the first scientists of the Renaissance to advance taxonomy through first hand observations
Velerius Cordus
The first use of using two words as a scientific name:
was introduced during the renaissance
The concept of the "species" is credited to
John Ray
The Swedish botanist who made the greatest contributions to taxonomy was , who is known as the
Linnaeus, Father of Modern Taxonomy
Linnaeus was able to replace the earlier complex classifications by introducing the blank system. In addition he classified plants according to their blank structures.



binomial, flower
The feature most significant to plant classification in the Linnaeum system was the
stamen number
The beginning of modern taxonomy
1700's
The current understanding of created "kinds" is:



related to higher taxonomic orders
The two-name system of naming living things used in classification
binomial nomenclature
A taxonomic category containing a group of similar orders
class
In plant classification, a grouping of similar classes
division
An elaborate set of rules for naming organisms
Int Code of Nomenclature
The largest taxonomic category
kingdom
A taxonomic category containing a group of similar families
order
classification (other than plant), a grouping of similar classes
phylum
The categories used in classifying plants and animals
taxon
Interpretations based upon emotions or opinion are considered:



subjective
Where in the Bible are the differences between plants, animals, and humans stated?



Genesis 1
Common names given to organisms may be useful locally, but may become meaningless on a "blank" basis
global
The currently used binomial nomenclature was developed by
Linnaeus
In binomial nomenclature the genus functions as a(n) and the species functions as a(n)
noun, adjective
The rankings of Class, Order, and Family are referred to as:



taxa
An "Order" may be subdivided into (consist of) several:



families
We can sometimes determine which scientist named any particular living thing because his abbreviated name
follows the species name
Order of Taxa
K,P(D),C,O,F,G,S
The form or appearance of an organism
morphology
The separation of organisms by some type of barrier
reproductive isolation
with bias
subjective
The lowest rank of taxa
species
The taxon "species" may be defined by the following two concepts
morphology, reproduction
Which of the two methods for determining the species taxon would involve greater subjectivity?



morphology
The two basic concepts of species are both dependent upon the genetic
code
The concept of reproductive isolation relates more toward genetic
differences
If you were to classify the many breeds of dogs by morphology, what would be inferred regarding species?
numerous varieties would be considered one distinct species
Subdivisions within a species are called
races
What is the genus of the popular fossils which are similar to "Lucy"?



Austropithes
Computerized analysis of the "Lucy" type fossil has:



hepled add objectivity to fossil taxa
Current use of modern tools, such as have made classification more objective.



computers
A group of organisms which has been reclassified is:



Canis Familiaris
The way a plant looks
morphology

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