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Glossary of Biology Clep Test

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Evaporation of water from the plants when the stomata is open during photosynthesis.
Transpiration
Plants need what to make food?
Water and Carbon Dioxide.
In photosynthesis, water and carbon dioxide is changed into what?
Oxygen and Glucose.
Scientific term for "plants"
Plantae
_____ Is how plants take energy from the sun and turn it into food.
Photosynthesis
What opens to let in air, and release oxygen in photosynthesis?
Stomata
____ are the small openings on the bottom of leaves.
Stomata
_____ is the male plant organ.
Stamen.
____ is the tube leading to plant ovary.
Style
____ is the female plant organ.
Pistil
____ is the openings in the leaves.
Stoma
Chlorophyll does what?
Absorbs sun light.
Plants create what?
Sugars and Starches.
What is a Tertiary Consumer?
Anything that eats a secondary consumer.( carnivore eats carnivore )
What are the Primary Producers?
Plants
What are meat eaters called?
Carnivores.
Anything that eats a Primary Consumer is called a ________.
Secondary Consumer. ( carnivore eating a herbivore/Primary consumer)
Animals that eat plants are called _____.
Herbivores.
Anything that eats plants is a ______.
Primary Consumer.
Eating a plant breaks the _______ ______.
Energy Bond
The chemical process from eating food results in ______ ______.
Free Energy.
Trees grow from the top or bottom up?
Top Up
A fungus or bacteria that absorbs nutrients is called a ________.
Decomposer
It is said that the sun creates the _____ amount of energy.
Most
Any animal that does not need a warm climate because they do not regulate their body temperature are called _____ _____ animals.
Cold blooded.
The protective covering of the eye is called the ______.
Cornea
The scientific classification order for organisms is____________.
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus , Species.
Mushrooms are considered to be _______.
Fungi
The science of naming organisms is called _______.
Taxonomy.
Scientific name for animals.
Animalia.
Multi cell organisms like Amoebae are called ______.
Protista
a single celled bacteria is called _____.
Monera
Similar bone structures are also called _________ structures.
Homologous
For humans, what is the complete classification?
Animalia, Chordata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae, Sapiens.
A _____ ______ is a tool that predicts probable evolution.
Phylogenic Tree.
Animals with a spinal cord are classified as a _______.
Cordata.
Skeletal muscle examples....
Striated, around skeleton
What part of the plant traps pollen grains?
Stigma
What type of bird helped darwin realize natural selection?
Finch.
Chromosomes carry ______.
Genes
List the Major Biomes.
Tropical Rain Forest, Forest, Desert, Tundra, Grassland, Cahparral.
Where do the Sperm and Egg meet?
Fallopian Tube.
Cistic Fibrosis is what kind of disorder?
Genetic
Fertilization done in a lab where the sperm and egg are combined then implanted is called ______ fertillization.
Invitro
The ______ is where eggs are developed.
Ovary
People with little or no pigment to skin, eyes and hair is called ________.
Albinism.
______ is when the egg matures and breaks through the ovary.
Ovulation
_______ genes detmermine what is passed on.
Polygenetic
Carbohydrates are ______ and ______.
Sugars and Starches.
_____ sac is filled with food for the embryon.
Yolk.
Birth control pills signal what to the body?
That an egg has not attached and the lining is expelled.
What is an essential source of amino acids?
Protein
This is the area in the body where the baby develops.
Amnionic Cavity.
this is the excretion track for the embryo.
Placentra.
______ is the process of held excretion.
Allantois.
in _____ _____, chromosomes act as a template.
Cell Reproductionn.
_____ _____ is when sperm is taken from the male and injected into the woman for conception.
Artificial Insemination
______ ______ is the process of adding desirable traits by inserting genes.
Genetic Engineering.
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What is a surrogate mother?
Someone who carries an embryo who is unrelated.
What is Artificial Implant?
Its when a Zygote is insterted in a host body.
Tay-Sachs disease is what type of disorder?
Genetic
_______ is a test of amionic fluid.
Amniocentesis
Cicle Cell Anemia causes what?
Abnormal red blood cells that make clogs.
an Rh factor is what?
A presence or absence of protein.
Colorblindness, Hemophillia, muscular dystrophy can all be.......
Passed down.
What is a Biome?
A section of the ecosystem , defined by plant life and location.
What was charles Darwins ship named?
The HMS Beagle
In genetics, Upper case letters mean what?? ( ex.. PP)
upper case means DOMINANT,
lower case means recessive.
What is Natural Selection?
When nature determines what will survive, and what wont.
What is cancer?
Its a genetic material that is damaged and causes sporadic cell growth
What is a malignant tumor?
It is an unrestricted cancer cell growth.
What is Atherosclerosis
Hardening of the Arteries.
Cancer in which you have too many white blood cells.
Leukemia
The thyroid regulates what?
Your metabolism
Fats is what?
A storage area for food.
What are leukocytes.
They are white blood cells that fight infection.
What is yeast?
A living animal.
What are the four major tissue types?
Epithelial, Connectiver, Nervous, Muscle.
Name 2 examples of smooth muscles.
Arteries and Veins
What disease is spread mostly by mosquitoes.
Malaria
Who is Louis Pasteur.
The Father of Microbiology.
What is it called when you have a lack of vitamin C?
Scurvy
DNA molecules consist of how many chains?
2
How many pairs of chromosomes determine sex?
1.X & Y
What is a protein called when it mimics RNA and DNA?
A virus.
Chemical use to mill mosquitoes, but very harmful to humans.
DDT
How many pairs are in a chromosome?
23
How many total chromosomes are there in a nucleus?
46.
Cells reproduce what?
Themselves.
Three types of muscle tissue.
Smooth, Skeletel, Cardiac
There are more _______ than any other animal.
Insects.
Another word for red blood cells is?
Erythrocytes
What gland gives the " fight or flight" response?
Adrenal Glands
what do you breath out when you exhale?
Carbon Dioxide.
High Blood pressure is also known as________.
High Blood pressure.
Cancer restricted to a certain area.
Benign Tumor
A built up substance in the arteries is known as ______.
Plaque.
If an animal has parasite eggs in its muscles, that animal has _______.
Trichinosis
What is vascular cambium?
A structure on a plant that goes from the roots up to the veins of the leaves.
Give 2 examples of social insects.
Bees, and Ants.
Ultrasound that animals(bats) use to navigate
Echolocation
Give 4 examples of Virus's.
Colds, AIDS, Herpes, Flu, Measles.
What percentage of the body is water?
0.9%
Ribsome
Organelle
Cold Blooded animals are known as _______.
Ecotherms.
Heart Muscle.
Cardiac.
Which cell ( animal or plant) has a cell wall?
Plants
Gametes needed for reproduction.
2.
What is an ecosystem?
Its the most inclusive ecological area, includes air, water and energy.
What percentage of the sun is used in photsynthesis?
.012
What is Hemophilia?
Blood Clotting disorder?
Two fused gametes, first part of a human.
Zygote.
How many chromosomes to a set?
46
Who is Gregor Mendel?
The Father of Genetics.
Reproductive cells are also called _______.
Games.
Chromosomes come in ______.
Pairs.
A full set of chromosomes is called a _______.
Somatic cell.
Reproducing using just the somatic cell is called________.
Cloning.
Glands that produce horomones for major glands.
Endocrine System.
Nitrogenous waste of humans is called_______.
Urea.
Animals who regulate their own body temperature are called_______.
Warm blooded.
Paste like feces of birds and reptiles.
Uric acid.
Warm blooded animals are called______.
Endotherms.
What does your Heptatic Portal Circulation do?
It Regulates your sugar level.
Another word for tree sap.
Xylem.
What produces pollen grains?
Anther.
What are Pheromones?
They are scents which insects communicate with each other.
Scientific Method. 4 Steps.
Gather information, Generate Hypothesis, Test hypothesis, Revise,

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