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Glossary of Biology Chapter 7

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Created by markmaster

An organism that makes its own food.
Autotroph
The process of using the sun's energy to to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars.
Photosynthesis
Produce the organic molecules that serve as food for the organisms in their ecosystem. (Another word for Autotraph.)
Producer
Organisms that can't make their own food.
Heterotrophs
Another word for heterotrophs.
Consumers
A chemical process in that uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in organic molecules into another form of chemical energy- ATP.
Cellular respiration.
Anything that is moving has this.
Kinetic energy.
Energy that is stored due to an object's position or arrangement.
Potential energy
Random molecular motion.
Thermal energy
Form of potential energy due to arrangement of atoms within molecules.
Chemical energy.
The chemical energy in foods is released by...
Cellular respiration
The product of cellular respiration is...
ATP
Amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 G of water by 1 degree Celcius.
Calorie
1,000 calories.
Kilocalorie.
Adenosine Triphosphate.
ATP
Compound with adenosine and 5-carbon sugar known as ribose. Triphosphate tail.
ATP
Cells perform 3 types of work
Chemical, mechanical, transport.
ATP converted to ADP, then phosphate added to ADP to produce ATP.
ATP cycle.
Process that requires oxygen.
Aerobic process.
Series of electron carriers.
Electron transport chain.
During breathing, the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place between
Your blood and the outside air.
Cellular Respiration Equation
Glucose+Oxygen=CO2+H20+ATP
Falling electrons are...
Electrons attracted to oxygen or positive charge that change position and provide energy.
Electron transport chains form...
Water.
Thick fluid inside maze of inner membrane folds in mitochondrion.
The matrix
Cell's chemical processes.
Metabolism.
"Splitting of sugar."
Glycolysis
Releases energy by finishing the breakdown of pyruvic acid to carbon dioxide.
Krebs Cycle
Miniature turbines in mitochondrion.
ATP synthases
Summarize glycolysis
1 glucose molecule- 2 pyruvid acid

2 ATP- 4 ATP

Summarize the Krebs cycle.
Pyruvic Acid-CoA

4 CO2, 2 ATP

This process creates ATP without using oxygen.
Fermentation.
Example of fermented food.
Soy sauce.
Environment without oxygen.
Anaerobic.

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