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Glossary of Bio2401-1A

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Created by Hfuller4

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Studies the structure of body parts
Anatomy
concerns the function of the body
physiology
a health young male weight about 155lb
reference male

healthy young female weight about 125lb
reference female
seen by unaided eye
Macroscopic/Gross anatomy
all the structures in a particular region of the body are examined at the same time
regional anatomy
body structure is studied system by system
systemic anatomy
study of the internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface
surface anatomy
too small to be seen with the naked eye
microscopic anatomy
considers the cells of the body
cytology
the study of tissues
histology
structural changes that occur in the body throughout the life span
developmental anatomy
developmental changes that occur before birth
embryology
kidney function and urine production
renal physiology
workings of the nervous system
neurophysiology
operation of the heart and blood vessels
cardiovascular physiology
feeling organs with your hands
palpation
listening to organ sounds w/ stethoscope
auscultation
working the joint, determining range of motion
manipulation
Levels of structural organization:
Chemical-atoms combine to form molecules
Cellular-molecules form organelles
Tissue-unit composed of cells

11 Body Systems
Major organ of each
integumentary
hair, skin, nails
skeletal
joint, bones
muscular
skeletal muscles
nervous
brain, nerves, spinal cord
endocrine
pineal gland, pituitary gland, thyroid glad, thymus, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries, testis
cardiovascular
heart, blood vessels
lymphatic
red bone marrow, thymus, thoracic duct, spleen, lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels
respiratory
nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lung, bronchus
digestive
oral cavity, esophagus, liver, stomach, small and large intestine, rectum, anus
urinary
kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra
male reproductive
prostate gland, penis, testis, scrotum, ductus deferens
female reproductive
mammary glands, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube
Necessary Life Functions
1.Maintain Boundaries
2.Movement
3.Responsiveness(Irritability)
4.Digestion
5.Metabolism
6.Excretion
7.Reproduction
8.Growth






Survival Needs of the body
1.Nutrition
2.Oxygen
3.Water
4.Normal Body Temperature
5.Appropriate Atmospheric Pressure



maintain a stable internal environment
Homeostasis

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