Glossary of Basic Military Requirements CH 5
- basic military requirements
- basic military requirements chapter 6
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- When was the United States NAVY born?
- 13 October 1775
- On 13 October 1775 the Second Continental Congress authorized the purchase of how many ships?
- During the Revolutionary War and into the 19th century naval vessels were grouped into what three major classes?
- What ships were commisioned by the Continental
Congress and by individual states to capture enemy
merchant ships as prizes of war.
- Privateers typicaly sailed what types of ships?
- What was the name of the first warfare submarine?
- The Turtle
- Who built the first warfare submarine?
- David Bushnell
- The first instance of an ANTI-submarine attack was when the British sunk what submarine?
- The Turtle
- What was the NAVY's first flagship?
- USS Alfred
- Who was the first foriegn power to recognize the american colonies as a struggling government with a nine gun salute?
- Who said?
"Struck Sir? I have not yet begun to fight!"
- John Paul Jones
- The Continental Navy operated some 56 vessels at one time or another. However, it only managed to reach a peak of __ ships, that operated at the same time.
- During the revolutiuonary war it is estimated that the British lost how many merchant ships?
- What is the oldest Navy ship still in commission today?
- The USS Constitution
- When was the Department of the Navy established?
- What President established the department of the Navy?
- President John Adams
- The entirely Naval war with France between 1798-1801 was known as the ______.
- Quasi War
- The famous expression “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute” originated from what war?
- The Quasi war
- Who led 84 seamen into the port of Tripoli and burned the captured ship USS Philidelphia on Feb 16 1804?
- Lieutenant Stephen Decatur
- On August 19, 1812 the USS Constitution earned what nickname?
- Old Ironsides
- What war began from the British forcing American Seamen to serve in the British Navy?
- The war of 1812
- Who wrote this dispatch?
“We have met the enemy and they are ours.”
- Capt. Oliver Hazard Perry
- What was the most important
development in the surface Navy during the first half of
the 19th century.
- Steam Power
- On September 5, 1843, the Navy’s first successful
steamship, the USS ______, was launched.
- The Mexican-American War was primarily a _____ war.
- Commodore Matthew C. Perry signed a treaty with _____
on March 31, 1854, that opened ports to American trade and provisioning of ships.
- Name the two famed Iron cladds of the civil war.
- USS Merrimack (Confederate)
USS Monitor (Union)
- How many crewmembers died on the first voyage of the CSS Hunley?
- The first successful attack by a submarine sank what ship?
- The USS Housatonic
- What was the name of the first submarine to complete an attack againt a surface ship?
- The CSS Hunley
- Who gave the famous order? “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!”
- David Farragut
- Who is considered the father of modern naval ordnance?
- John Dahlgren
- Who defined sea power; showed the importance of understanding naval needs; and advocated a large, powerful Navy capable of assembling an overwhelming force to defeat the enemy’s Navy.
- Alfred T. Mahan
- What ship was labeled as the first modern cruiser in the U.S. Fleet.
- USS Newark
- What was the first torpedo boat to join the fleet?
- USS Cushing
- The ______ was the US Navy's first gas-powered submarine
- USS Holland
- What was a major reason for the start of the Spanish-American War?
- The sinking of the USS Maine in Havana, Cuba
- The battle cry "Remember the Maine" came from the begining of what war?
- The Spanish-American war
- Who gave the order “You may fire when you are ready,
- Commodore George Dewey
- The Battle of Manila Bay was during what war?
- The Spanish-American war
- When did the Navy accept its first operational submarine?
the USS Holland
- The first two submarines to have diesel engines were?
- USS Skipjack (SS 24)
USS Sturgeon (SS 25)
- What was the name of our first First-Class Battle ship?
- USS Indiana (BB 1)
- Where did the first flights of the Wright brothers take place?
- Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
- Eugene Ely successfully took off from and later landed a
biplane on a platform rigged aboard the __________.
- USS Pennsylvania
- Who was the Navy's first aviator?
- Lieutenant T. G. Ellyson
- On November 17, 1917, the
Destroyers USS Nicholson and USS Fanning were the first
U.S. ships to do what?
- Sink an enemy submarine
- When was the Nurse Corps officialy born?
- Women were first enrolled into the Navy as ____.
- In the 1930's Americans felt the economic strain known as the ________.
- Great Depression
- Where is the National Museum of Naval Aviation Located?
- Pensacola, Florida
- Who was the first pilot to cross the Atlantic?
- Albert C. Read
- What was the first Carrier designed from the Keel up?
- USS Ranger
- When was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?
- December 7, 1941
- How many aircraft carriers were sank during the attack on Pearl Harbor?
They were all at sea.
- What was the first battle fought entirely by Aircraft launched from Aircraft Carriers?
- Battle of Coral Sea
- What was the turning point of the Pacific Campaign?
- Battle of Midway
- Which aircraft carrier was sunk during the Battle of Coral Sea?
- USS Lexington
- Which aircraft carrier was sunk during the Battle of Midway?
- USS Yorktown
- What battle took place for three days in November of 1942?
- Battle of Guadalcanal
- _________ was known as the largest amphibious operation in history.
- The invasion of Normandy
- What day marks the Invasion of Normandy?
- June 6, 1944
- D-Day may better be known as the __________.
- Invasion of Normandy
- Names such as the USS Tarawa,
USS Missouri (fig. 5-12), USS Tucson, USS Higbee,
and USS O’Bannon, are synonymous with ________.
- Women reserves were better known as _____.
- How many ratings were waves eligible for during WWII?
- When for the first time did women became a part of the Regular Navy?
- 12 June 1948
- In June 1948, a squadron of FH-1 Phantoms qualified for what?
- Carrier operations, marking the begining of Jet based Aircraft Carriers.
- What was the first US nuclear submarine?
- USS Nautilus
- What is the significance of the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act?
- It abolished the Womens reserve and allowed women into the regular Navy.
- 29 June 1950 marked what?
- The first Naval shots fired during the Korean Conflict.
- When did helicopters come into wartime use?
- During the Korean Conflict
- What year was the first nuclear submarine launched?
- What was the first submarine to reach the North Pole?
- USS Nautilus
- What year did the USS Nautilus reach the North Pole?
- What was the first Nuclear powered Aircraft Carrier?
- USS Enterprise
- What year was the first satelite sent into orbit?
- Who was the first American to make a suborbital flight?
- Alan B. Shepard
- What year was the first american launched into space?
- When were americans introduced in Vietnam?
- When did Vietnam end?
- January 1973
- Who was the first man to set foot on the Moon?
- Neil Armstrong
- When did Neil Armstrong make his first steps on the Moon.
- 20 July 1969
- What was the Navy’s first deep diving vehicle.
- When was the deep diving vehicle Alvin successfully tested at 6,000-foot depths.
- July 20, 1965
- Name the first Trident submarine.
- USS Ohio
- In May 1987, an Iraqi aircraft mistakenly fired two missiles that struck what US Frigate?
- USS Starke
- In April 1988, Iran’s use of mines caused considerable damage to what US Frigate?
- USS Samuel B. Roberts
- What spawned the start of Desert storm?
- Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
- The Navy transported over how many billion pounds of equipment and supplies to sustain the forces of Desert Shield / Desert Storm.
- Name the first LHA.
- USS Tarawa
- What is the newest destroyer class?
- Arleigh Burke
- What is the newest Cruiser class?
- During the late 18th Century, battleships were
classified as __________.
- The first official recognition of the American
Stars and Stripes flag by a foreign nation was
given by France to the ______.
- USS Ranger
- What battle saved Australia from being invaded by the Japanese?
- The Battle of Coral Sea
- During what battle did Admiral Farragut give the order, “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead.”
- Battle of Mobile bay
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