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Glossary of Anthro101FinalLanguage

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Created by lazyfoot10

Black English Vernacular (BEV)
A rule-governed dialect of American English roots in southern English

Spoken by African American youth and by many adults in their casual, intimate speech

Call System
Limited number of sounds

Differs from modern language because at some point we humans combined calls

3 Characteristics of Language
Transmission: Teaching communication to offspring

Productivity: Ability to use rules of language to create new expressions

Displacement: Ability to talk about things that are not present



Semantics
A language\'s meaning system
Diglossia vs. Style Shifts
Diglossia: High and low forms of languages

Style Shifts: Change in how you talk based on the context of a situation

Focal Vocabulary vs. Lexicon
Focal Vocabulary: Specialized set of terms and distinctions that are particularly important to certain groups
Ex. Why eskimos have many words for snow

Lexicon: Dictionary containing all its morphemes and their meanings


Kinesics
Study of communication through body movements, stances, gestures, and expressions
Phonemes
A sound contrast that makes a difference



Minimal Pairs
Words that resemble each other in all but one sound

Ex. Pin vs. Bin, Seal vs. Zeal, Pin vs. Pan

Reflective Approach
Meaning thought to lie in object, person, idea or event in real world

Language functions like a mirror, reflects true meaning as already exists in world

Intentional Approach
Speaker/author who imposes his/her unique meaning on world through language

Private intended meanings are personal to us

Constructivist Approach
Neither things in themselves nor individual user of language can fix meaning in language

Construct meaning using representational systems

Inner Sphere vs. Outer Sphere
Inner sphere: Domestic space/neighborhoods
Blend of English and Spanish

Outer sphere: Public space = schools, courts, strangers
Clear boundary between English and Spanish



Mock Spanish
Think it\'s not racist, but humor

Indirectly relies on racist representations

Requires culturally understood, but unspoken stereotypes



White Public Space
Racialized by language

Invisible norm

Implicit negative stereotypes



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