Glossary of Acupuncture Foundations

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Bright white face with a bloated appearance
Yang qi deficiency. CAM-248
Yellow Color indicates
Deficiency syndromes or dampness. CAM-249
Bright orange color
Yang jaundice caused by damp heat. CAM-250
Smoky yellow-orange
Yin jaundice resulting from either cold damp or long term stagnation of blood,CAM-251
Pale yellow complexion
Deficiency of both qi and blood. CAM-252
Pale blue color indicates
Cold syndromes, painful syndromes, and stagnation of blood and convulsion. CAM-253
Blue purplish face and lips accompanied by high fever and violent movement of the limbs in children
Infantile convulsions. CAM-254
Dark grey color indicates
Deficiency of the kidney and stagnation of blood. CAM-255
Pale and dark complexion with lumbar soreness and cold feet
Insufficiency of kidney yang. CAM-256
Dark complexion without brightness, accompanied by scaly skin signifies
Prolonged stagnation of blood. CAM-257
Ulceration of the canthus
Damp heat. CAM-258
Upward, straight forward or sideways staring of the eye
Liver wind. CAM-259
Flapping/flaring of the ala nasi
Heat in the lung or deficiency of qi of lung and kidney. CAM-260
Purulent discharge in the ear
Damp heat of the liver/gallbladder. CAM-261
Redness and swelling of the throat with yellow or white ulcer spots are due to
Excessive toxic heat in the lung and stomach. CAM-262
Bright red throat with mild soreness
Yin deficiency leading to hyperactivity of fire. CAM-263
A false membrane oer the throat that is greyish white
Dyptheria. CAM-264
Goes to the route of the tongue
Deep branches of the Heart meridian. CAM-265
Traverses the root of the tongue and spreads over its lower surface
Spleen meridian. CAM-266
Terminates at the route of the tongue
Kidney meridian. CAM-267
Pale purplish and moist tongue
Cold. CAM-268
Rigid tongue indicates
Heat in the pericardium, retention of turbid phlegm, or excessive pathogenic heat, or signs of windstroke. CAM-269
Flaccid tongue
Deficiency of qi and blood or consumption of yin. CAM-270
Black tongue coating indicates
Extreme interior heat or cold. CAM-271
Pale black and slippery tongue coating
Excessive cold due to yang deficiency. CAM-272
Absence of sweating in interior syndromes indicates
Invasion by pathogenic cold. CAM-273
Frequent sweating which is worse on slight exertion is known as
Spontaneous sweating. CAM-274
Spontaneous sweating is due to
Deficiency of qi or yang. CAM-275
Profuse sweating accompanied by listlessness, cold limbs and deep and thready pulse
Exhaustion of yang qi. CAM-276
The presence of thirst indicates
Consumption of body fluids or retention of phlegm damp in the interior preventing the body fluid from ascending. CAM-277
Sweatish taste indicates
Damp heat in the Stomach/Spleen. CAM-278
Tastlessness reflects
Deficiency of the spleen with impairment of t&t. CAM-279
Dribbling of urine is caused by
Exhaustion of kidney qi with its impaired function of controlling urine or obstructed qi of the bladder due to damp heat, stagnant blood, or stones.. CAM-280
Headache with a distending sensation in the head is due to
Upward disturbance of fire and heat. CAM-281
Prickly pain, sharp in nature and fixed in location
Blood stagnation. CAM-282
Weighty pain
Dampness. CAM-283
Colicky pain is a sign of
Abrupt obastruction of the qi by pathogenic factors. CAM-284
Pulling pain which is spasmodic in nature and short in duration relates to
Liver wind. CAM-285
Hollow pain is caused by
Blood deficiency. CAM-286
The rate of a fast pulse is
More than 5 beats/breath (>90 beats/min). CAM-287
A slippery pulse indicates
Phlegm and retained fluid, retention of food and excess heat. CAM-288
A tense pulse indicates
cold, pain and retention of food. CAM-289
A soft pulse indicates
Damp disorders: damp blocking qi and blood in the vessels. CAM-290
The characteristics of an abrupt pulse are
Hurried and rapid with irregular missed beats. CAM-291
An abrupt pulse indicates
Excessive heat, stagnation of qi and blood and retention of phlegm or food. CAM-292
The characteristics of a knotted pulse are
Slow with irregular missed beats. CAM-293
A knotted pulse indicates
Excessive yin, accumulation of qi, retention of cold phlegm and stagnant blood. CAM-294
The characteristics of a regularly intermittent pulse are
Slow and weak with missed beats at regular intervals. CAM-295
A regularly intermittent pulse indicates
Declining of zang qi, wind syndromes, painful syndromes and disorders due to emotional fear and fright, or traumatic contusions and sprains. CAM-296
Immovable hard masses palpated in the abdomen indicate
Blood stagnation. CAM-297
Unfixed soft masses in the abdomen indicate
Qi stagnation. CAM-298
A sallow complexion indicates a yin or yang type syndrome?
Yin. CAM-299
Which meridians are selected to treat wei level disease?
Lung, large intestine, Du and UB. CAM-300
Which meridians are selected to treat qi level heat in the chest and diaphragm?
Pericardium, heart and stomach. CAM-301
Which meridians are generally used to treat Ying Stage Disease?
Heart, Pericardium and Du. CAM-302
In Heart yang deficiency the tongue color will be
Dark purplish. CAM-303
What pulse(s) can occur with Heart blood stagnation
Thready and choppy or missed-beat pulse. CAM-304
A bearing down sensation in the testis with referred pain to the lumbar region are symptoms of
Qi stagnation in the Small Intestine channel. CAM-305
What organ is involved when the pathogenic qi lingers in the elbows
Heart and Lung. CAM-306
What organ is involved when the pathogenic qi lingers in the axilla
Liver. CAM-307
What organ is involved when the pathogenic qi lingers in the groins
Spleen. CAM-308
What organ is involved when the pathogenic qi lingers in the Popliteal fossa
Kidney. CAM-309
Foam on the lips
Ascending of Wind-Phlegm. CAM-310
Wiry-Tense Pulse is due to
Invasion by pathogenic wind cold,CAM-pg 433,311
Face color reflects
The state of qi and blood. FCM-312
Face color dry and lifeless indicates
Stomach qi is exhausted. FCM-313
Green face folor indicates
Liver pattern, interior cold, pain or interior wind.. FCM-314
Yellow face folor indicates
Spleen deficiency or dampness. FCM-315
Bright orange face color
Damp-Heat, with prevalence of heat . FCM-316
Hazy, smokey yellow face color indicates
Damp-Heat with prevalence of dampness. FCM-317
Withered, dried-up yellow face indicates
Stomach and Spleen deficiency. FCM-318
A dull pale yellow face color indicates
Cold-Damp in the Stomach and Spleen. FCM-319
A pale yellow face color surrounded by red spots indicates
Liver Blood stasis. FCM-320
A clear and moist yellow face color in between the eyebrows indicates
That Stomach Qi is recovering after and illness affecting the Stomach and Spleen.. FCM-321
A white face color indicates
Deficiency, cold, blood deficiency or yang deficiency.. FCM-322
A black face color indicates
Cold, pain, or Kidney disease, usually from Kidney-Yin deficiency.. FCM-323
A black and moist face color indicates
Cold. FCM-324
A black and dry face color indicates
Heat, usually Kidney Yin deficiency. FCM-325
A deep face color indicates
An interior condition. FCM-326
A floating face color indicates
An exterior condition. FCM-327
A clear face color indicates
A Yang condition. FCM-328
A dull face color indicates
A Yin condition. FCM-329
A thin face color indicates
Qi deficiency. FCM-330
A thick face color indicates
Excess condition. FCM-331
A scattered face color indicates
New disease. FCM-332
A concentrated face color indicates
Old disease. FCM-333
A moist face color indicates
Good prognosis. FCM-334
A dry face color indicates
Poor prognosis. FCM-335
The schlera pertains to the
Lungs. FCM-336
The corners of the eye pertains to the
Heart. FCM-337
The Upper lids of the eye pertains to the
Spleen. FCM-338
The lower lids of the eye pertains to the
Stomach. FCM-339
The Iris of the eye pertains to the
Liver. FCM-340
The Pupil of the eye pertains to the
Kidney. FCM-341
The midpoint of the philtrum pertains to the
Bladder. FCM-342
The top of the philtrum pertains to the
Stomach. FCM-343
The tip of the nose pertains to the
Spleen. FCM-344
Above the tip of the nose pertains to the
Liver. FCM-345
The lateral midpoint of the nose pertains to the
Gall Bladder. FCM-346
The area between the eyes pertains to the
Heart. FCM-347
The area between the eyebrows pertains to the
Lungs. FCM-348
The forehead pertains to the
Throat. FCM-349
The upper alanasi pertains to the
Small Intestine. FCM-350
The lower alanasi pertains to the
Large Intestine. FCM-351
The lateral border area of the lips pertains to the
Kidneys. FCM-352
If the whole eye is red, painful and swollen it indicates
Either and exterior invasion of wind-heat or liver-fire. FCM-353
Swelling under the eyes indicates
Kidney deficiency. FCM-354
Injuries of the back and chest are reflected by what part of the eye?
Schlera, the upper part is the back and the lower part is the chest. FCM-355
Grey and scattered spots at the end of red veins in the eye reflect
Injuries of qi causing stagnation. FCM-356
Deep black spots at the end of red veins in the eye reflect
Injury causing blood stasis. FCM-357
Tip of the nose is either green or blue indicates
Abdominal pain. FCM-358
Tip of the nose is yellow indicates
Damp-heat. FCM-359
Tip of the nose is white indicates
Blood deficiency. FCM-360
Tip of the nose is red indicates
Heat in the Lung and Spleen. FCM-361
Tip of the nose is grey indicates
Impairment of water movement. FCM-362
If the nose is dry it indicates
Heat in the Stomach or Large Intestine. FCM-363
If the nose is dry and black it indicates
Fire Poison. FCM-364
A clear watery discharge from the nose indicates
Cold. FCM-365
A thick yellow discharge from the nose indicates
Heat. FCM-366
Flaring of the nostrils indicates
Heat in the Lungs. FCM-367
A white color of the ears indicates
Cold. FCM-368
A bluish or black color of the ears indicates
Pain. FCM-369
If the ear lobes are dry, withered and black, they indicate
Extreme exhaustion of Kidney-Qi. FCM-370
Swelling and pain in the ear indicates
Fire in the Shao Yang channels. FCM-371
A thin, small ear lobe is indicative of
Poor constitution. FCM-372
Normal color of the lips should be
Pale red and moist and shiny. FCM-373
If the lips are too red and dry they indicate
Heat in the Spleen and Stomach. FCM-374
If the mouth is always open it is a sign of
An empty pattern. FCM-375
Breathing only through the mouth indicates
Lung Qi deficiency. FCM-376
Greenish color around the mouth indicates
Stasis of Liver-Blood and invasion of the Spleen by the Liver-Qi. FCM-377
The teeth are under the influece of which organ
Kidney. FCM-378
The gums are under the influence of which organ
Stomach. FCM-379
If the teeth are bright and dry like a stone, it indicates
Heat in the Yang Ming. FCM-380
If the teeth are dry and grey, it indicates
Kidney Yin deficiency. FCM-381
If the teeth are bleeding, it indicates
Heat in the Stomach. FCM-382
If the gums are swollen and painful, it indicates
Heat in the Stomach. FCM-383
Pale gums indicate
Blood deficiency. FCM-384
Pain, redness and swelling of the throat indicates
Either Exterior Wind-Heat or Stomach Fire. FCM-385
If the throat is sore and dry, but not swollen and red it indicates
Kidney Yin derficiency with Heat. FCM-386
Pale nails indicate
Blood deficiency. FCM-387
Bluish nails indicate
Blood stasis. FCM-388
The thenar eminence shows the state of the
Stomach. FCM-389
A bluish color of the venules on the thenar eminence of the thumb indicates
Cold in the Stomach. FCM-390
Bluish and shosrt vessels in the thenar eminence indicate
Deficiency patterns. FCM-391
Red vessels in the thenar eminence indicate
Stomach heat. FCM-392
The most proximal of the gates on the finger is called
Wind Gate. FCM-393
The most distal of the gates on the finger is called
Life Gate. FCM-394
Dry skin is usually due to
Liver Blood deficiency. FCM-395
Itchy skin is usually due to
Wind. FCM-396
Swelling of the skin that leaves a mark with pressing is called ______, and is caused by ________
Water Edema, Kidney Yang deficiency. FCM-397
Swelling of the skin that doesn't leave a mark with pressing is called ______, and is caused by ________
Qi Edema, Qi stagnation. FCM-398
A bright and cleary yellow skin color indicates _______ and is caused by
Yang jaundice, damp-heat. FCM-399
A dull-yellow skin color is due to ______ which is due to
Yin jaundice, damp-cold. FCM-400
Venules appearing on the skin are manifestations of
Blood connecting channels. FCM-401
Venules appearing on the skin that are bluish indicate
Cold. FCM-402
Venules appearing on the skin that are red indicate
Heat. FCM-403
Venules appearing on the skin that are greenish indicate
Pain. FCM-404
Venules appearing on the skin that are purplish indicate
Stasis of blood. FCM-405
The tongue body color indicates what 3 things?
Conditions of Blood, Nutritive qi and Yin organs. FCM-406
The tongue body shape indicates what 2 things?
State of Blood and Nutritive qi. FCM-407
The tongue coating indicates
State of the Yang organs and the strength of any pathogenic factors.. FCM-408
The tongue moisture indicates
State of the body fluids. FCM-409
A Pale Tongue body color indicates
Deficiency of yang of blood, the differential being moisture (yang too moist, blood being too dry) and the shape (yang - swollen).. FCM-410
A Pale Tongue body color on the sides indicates
Deficiency of Liver blood. FCM-411
Raised papillae on the tongue indicate
Heat. FCM-412
A Blue Tongue body color indicates
Interior Cold giving rise to Blood stasis. FCM-413
A red tongue body that is swollen indicates
Retention of damp-heat. FCM-414
A stiff tongue body indicates
Interior wind. FCM-415
A flacid tongue body indicates
Deficiency of body fluids. FCM-416
A long tongue body indicates
Tendency to Heat, and in particular Heart heat. FCM-417
A short tongue body indicates
Interior cold if it is pale and wet, and extreme yin deficiency if it is red and peeled. FCM-418
Short horizontal cracks in the tongue body indicate
Stomach Yin deficiency. FCM-419
A shallow wide crack in the middle tongue body not reaching the tip indicates
Stomach Yin deficiency. FCM-420
A long deep midline crack reaching the tip indicates
A tendency to a Heart pattern.. FCM-421
Short transversal cracks on the sides of the tongue indicate
Spleen-qi deficiency. FCM-422
A quivering tongue indicates
Spleen-qi deficiency. FCM-423
A deviated tongue
Interior wind. FCM-424
A thick tongue coating indicates
The presence of a pathogenic factor. FCM-425
Grey and Black tongue coatings indicate
Extreme heat or cold depending on tongue moisture.. FCM-426
Numbness along a channel can indicate
Blood deficiency or retention of internal Wind or Phlegm in the channel. FCM-427
Sudden loss of voice is due to
Wind-heat. FCM-428
Gradual loss of voice is due to
Lung qi or yin deficiency. FCM-429
Relunctance to talk indicates
A cold pattern. FCM-430
A shouting voice indicates
Liver disharmony. FCM-431
A laughing voice indicates
Heart disharmony. FCM-432
A singing voice indicates
Spleen disharmony. FCM-433
A whimpering voice indicates
Lung disharmony. FCM-434
A groaning voice indicates
Kidney disharmony. FCM-435
A rancid smell indicates
Liver disharmony. FCM-436
A burned smell indicates
Heart disharmony. FCM-437
A sweatish smell indicates
Spleen disharmony. FCM-438
A putrid smell indicates
Kidney disharmony. FCM-439
A rank smell indicates
Lung disharmony. FCM-440
A fever in the middle of the night in children indicates
Food retention. FCM-442
Sweating on the head only indicates
Heat in the Stomach or Damp-Heat. FCM-443
Oily sweat on the forehead indicates
Collapse of Yang. FCM-452
Sweating on the arms and legs indicates
Stomach and Spleen deficiency. FCM-445
Sweating on the hands indicates
Lung deficiency. FCM-446
Whole body sweating indicates
Lung deficiency. FCM-447
Sweating on the palms, soles and chest indicates
Yin deficiency. FCM-448
Sweating in the daytime indicates
Yang deficiency. FCM-449
Sweating in the nighttime indicates
Yin deficiency or damp-heat. FCM-450
Profuse cold sweat during illness indicates
Yang deficiency. FCM-451
Headache in the daytime is due to
Qi or yang deficiency. FCM-453
Headache in the nighttime is due to
Yin or blood deficiency. FCM-454
Taiyang channel headache is due to
Exterior wind-cold or interior Kidney deficiency. FCM-455
Yangming channel headache is due to
Stomach heat or blood deficiency. FCM-456
Shaoyang channel headache is due to
Exterior wind cold/heat or interior Liver ang Gall Bladder Fire Rising. FCM-457
Jueyin channel headache is due to
Liver Blood deficiency. FCM-458
Whole head headache is due to
Exterior wind-cold. FCM-459
Dizziness can be due to what 4 factors
Phlegm, Wind, Fire, Deficiency. FCM-460
How can you differentiate numbness in limbs caused by blood deficiency vs wind stroke
Bilateral vs unilateral. FCM-461
Feeling of fullness in the epigastrium is due to
Spleen deficiency or Dampness. FCM-462
Feeling of fullness and distention after eating is due to
Retention of food. FCM-463
A bitter taste indicates
Excess heat ususally either Liver or Heart. FCM-464
A sweet taste indicates
Spleen deficiency or Damp-Heat. FCM-465
A sour taste indicates
Retention of food in the Stomach or Disharmony of Liver and Stomach. FCM-466
A pungent taste indicates
Lung heat. FCM-467
Absence of taste indicates
Spleen deficiency. FCM-468
Sour vomit indicates
Liver invading the Stomach. FCM-469
Bitter vomit indicates
Liver and Gall Bladder Heat. FCM-470
Clear, watery vomit indicates
Cold in the Stomach with retention of fluids. FCM-471
Vomiting after eating indicates
Heat pattern. FCM-472
Constipation that becomes worse after a bowel movement indicates
Deficiency pattern. FCM-473
Constipation that becomes better after a bowel movement indicates
Excess pattern. FCM-474
Constipation with abdominal pain indicates
Internal cold and Yang deficiency. FCM-475
Alternating diarrhea and constipation indicates
Liver qi is invading the Spleen. FCM-476
Pain accompanying diarrhea indicates
Heat or Liver involvment. FCM-477
Absence of smell accompanying diarrhea indicates
Cold. FCM-478
Diarrhea with abdominal pain indicates
Cold in the Intestines. FCM-479
Diarrhea with mucus in the stools indicates
Dampness in the intestines. FCM-480
Diarrhea with mucus and blood in the stools indicates
Damp-Heat in the Intestines. FCM-481
Black or very dark stools indicates
Blood stasis. FCM-482
When the stool comes first, then blood, and the blood is watery, this indicates
Spleen qi deficiency. FCM-483
When the blood comes first, then stool, and the blood is bright red this indicates
Blood stasis or Heat in the Blood. FCM-484
Borborygmi indicates
Either Spleen deficiency or Liver qi stagnation. FCM-485
Enuresis or incontinence of urine indicates
Kidney deficiency. FCM-486
Retention of urine indicates
Damp-Heat in the Bladder. FCM-487
Difficulty urinating indicates
Damp-Heat in the Bladder or Kidney deficiency. FCM-488
Frequent and copius urine indicates
Kidney deficiency. FCM-489
Frequent and scanty urine indicates
Qi deficiency. FCM-490
Pain before urnination indicates
Qi stagnation. FCM-491
Pain during urnination indicates
Heat in the Bladder. FCM-492
Pain after urnination indicates
Qi deficiency. FCM-493
Turbid or cloudy urine indicates
Dampness in the Bladder. FCM-494
Dream disturbed sleep indicates
Liver Fire or Heart Fire. FCM-495
Restless sleep with dreams indicates
Food retention. FCM-496
Waking up early in the morning and not being able to fall back asleep indicates
Gall Bladder deficiency. FCM-497
A sudden onset of Tinnitus indicates
Excess condition usually Liver Fire or Liver Wind. FCM-498

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