Glossary of AP PSYCH Chapter 6 Vocabulary

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Retinal Disparity
A binocular cue for perceiving depth: By comparing images from the two eyeballs, the brain computes distance-- the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the closer the object.
Phi Phenomenon
An illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in succession.
Perceptual Constancy
Perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent lightness, color, shape, and size) even as illumination and retinal images change.
Perceptual Adaptation
In vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.
Perceptual Set
A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another.
Human Factors Psychology
A branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be adapted to human behaviors.
Extrasensory Perception
The controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input. Said to include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition.
The study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP and psychokinesis.
A binocular cue for perceiving depth: the extent to which the eye's converge inward when looking at an object.

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