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Glossary of AP Gov Unit 1 Chapter 1

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Created by maddymkp

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Pluralist Theory
a theory of government emphasizing that politics is a competition between groups
Politics
the process by which we select our government leaders
Policy Agenda
political issues that attract the most attention of public officials
Elite and Class Theory
A theory of government that separates society into classes and states that the highest class will rule
Political Participation
All of the activities that citizens use to influence their political leaders and policies
Majority Rule
Anything over 50.01% wins
Political Issue
An issue that arises when people disagree on how to fix it
Policymaking Institutions
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues

-Congress
-President
-Courts
-Bureaucracy




Democracy
A system of government that represents the public's preferences
Single-Issue Groups
groups of individuals that are so focused on one particular issue that they will base all of their political participation on that issue
Minority Rights
A principle that guarantees rights to the minorities
Policy Gridlock
A situation when there is no group strong enough to form a majority so that nothing will get done
Hyperpluralism
A situation when the groups are so strong that issues cannot be resolved, thus weakening government

(Similar to Policy Gridlock)

Policy Impacts
The effects a policy has on people and problems
Public Goods
Goods that everyone has a right to

-Clean Air
-Clean Water
-Public Areas



Representation
A principle of democracy that describes the relationship between the leaders and the followers
Policymaking System
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves over time
Public Policy
A governmental choice in response to a political issue
Government
the institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society
Linkage Institutions
The political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda

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