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Glossary of AP Gov Constitution Test

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Created by bbakk14

What is the 1st Amendment?
Religion, Speech, Assembly, Petition
What is the 2nd Amendment?
Right to Bear Arms
What is the 3rd Amendment?
Quartering of Soldiers
What is the 4th Amendment?
Searches and Seizures
What is the 5th Amendment?
Grand Juries, Double Jeapordy, Self Incrimination, Due Process, Eminent Domain
What is the 6th Amendment?
Criminal Court Procedures
What is the 7th Amendment?
Trial by Jury in Common Law Cases
What is the 8th Amendment?
Bails, Fines, and Punishment
What is the 9th Amendment?
Rights retained by the People
What is the 10th Amendment?
Rights Reserved to the States
What is the 11th Amendment?
Suits Against the States (Ratified February 7th, 1795)
What is the 12th Amendment?
Election of the President and Vice President (Ratified June 15th, 1804)
What is the 13th Amendment?
Slavery (Ratified on December 6th, 1865)
What is the 14th Amendment?
Citizenship, Due Process, and Equal Protection of the Laws (Ratified on July 9th, 1868)
What is the 15th Amendment?
The Right to Vote (Ratified on February 3rd, 1870)
What is the 16th Amendment?
Income Taxes (Ratified on February 3rd, 1913)
What is the 17th Amendment?
Election of Senators (Ratified on April 8th 1913)
What is the 18th Amendment?

Prohibition (Ratified on January 16th, 1919)

 

What is the 19th Amendment?
Woman's Right to Vote (Ratified on August 18th, 1920)
What is the 20th Amendment?
Terms of Office, Convening of Congress, and Succession (Ratified February 6th, 1933)
What is the 21st Amendment?
Repeal of Prohibition (Ratified on December 5th, 1933)
What is the 22nd Amendment?
Number of Presidential Terms (Ratified on February 27th, 1951)
What is the 23rd Amendment?
Presidential Elector for the District of Columbia (Ratified on March 29th, 1961)
What is the 24th Amendment?
Poll Tax (Ratified on January 23rd, 1964)
What is the 25th Amendment?
Presidential Disability and Vice Presidential Vacancies (Ratified on February 10th, 1967)
What is the 26th Amendment?
18 Year Old Vote (Ratified on July 1st, 1971)
What is the 27th Amendment?
Congressional Salaries (Ratified on May 18th, 1992)
What are all Legislative powers vested in?
A Congress
What two things make up the Congress?
House of Representatives and a Senate
How often are Representatives chosen?
Every second year
How old and how long a citizen do Representatives have to be to run for election?
25 years old and 7 years a citizen
Representatives and what shall be apportioned among the several states?
Direct Taxes
What does "Enumeration" mean?
To determine the number of
The proportion of Representatives to state population will not exceed what?
1 for every thirty thousand
Atleast how many Representatives shall each state have?
1
How many Representatives will be entitled to New Hampshire?
3
How many Representatives will be entitled to Mass.?
8
How many Representatives will be entitled to Rhode Island and Providence plantations?
1
How many Representatives will be entitled to Conneticut?
5
How many Representatives will be entitled to New York?
6
How many Representatives will be entitled to New Jersey?
4
How many Representatives will be entitled to Penn.?
8
How many Representatives will be entitled to Delaware?
6
How many Representatives will be entitled to Virginia (the pimp state)?
10
How many Representatives will be entitled to North Carolin? 
5
How many Representatives will be entitled to South Carolin?
5
How many Representatives will be entitled to Georgia?
3
What does the Executive Authority issue to fill vacancies?
Writs of Election
What are Writs of Election?
Decrees demanding elections
What officer does the House of Representatives chose? What sole power do they hold?
A Speaker and Impeachment
How many Senators does each state get?
2
How many votes do Senators get and how many years is one of their terms?
1 and 6 years
After the first election, how many groups are Senators divided into?
3
How old and how many years a citizen do Senators have to be?
30 years old and 9 years a citizen
Who is the president of the Senate but does not get a Vote?
The Vice President
What is the sole power of the Senate?
To try all Impeachments
When the senate sits for reasons of impeachment what are they under?
Oath or Affirmation
Who will preside over the Senate when the President is tried?
The Chief Justice
What is the minimum vote for impeachment?
2/3
Who sets the time, place, and manner of elections?
State Legislatures
How often is the least amount the congress can convene a year and on what day?
once a year on the first Monday of December
What is a Quorum?
the minimum member of people in a group that must be present for the business of the group to legally take place
What is naturalization?
granted full citizenship to
What is a Bill of Attainder
a legislative act pronouncing a person guilty of a crime
What is the minimum vote required to expel a member of a House?
2/3
What shall each house keep?
a journal
Whats the maximum time of adjournment for the House?
3 days
What is the compensation of congressmen paid out of?
The Treasury of the United States
What is an Emolument?
payments for work done
Where will all bills to raise revenue originate out of?
The House of Representatives
After passing the House of Representatives and the Senate where does a bill go?
To the president to either be signed or rejected with his noted objections
What is the minimum vote required to bring a rejected bill into law?
2/3
What happens to a bill the president takes longer than 10 days (excepting sundays) to act on?
it becomes law
What does Congress have the power to lay and collect?
Taxes, imposts, duties, and excises
What is an Excise?
a tax on certain goods
What are letters of Marque and Reprisal?
official warrants or commissions from a national government authorizing the designated agent to search, seize, or destroy specified assets or personnel belonging to a party who has broken a law
until what year was the migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by congress?
1808
what is the maximum tax on importations?
$10 per person
what is Habeas Corpus
a writ through which a person can seek relief from unlawful imprisonment
When can habeas corpus be suspended?
in cases of rebellion or invasion of public safety
No preference of commerce and regulation shall be given to what?
Ports of any states
What is the only consequence which can take money from the Treasury?
Appropriations by law
What is Ex Post Facto law?
[16:54] Bluenebula92: it's a case in which someone is accused of a crime that is legal when committed but becomes illegal after
No title of what shall be granted under the United States
Nobility
Congress cannot receive emolument from who?
King, Prince, or foreign state
No state shall do what?
enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, grant letters of marque, coin money, pass any bills of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, lay any imposts or duties on impors and exports
How long is a presidential term?
4 years
what shall each state appoint?
a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatves
How will the electors vote?
Ballot for two persons
If there is a tie between presidential candidates what happens?
The House of Representatives votes by ballot
What office requires the person eligible to be a natural born citizen?
The presidency
How old and how long a citizen does the President have to be?
35 years old and 14 years a citizen
What happens if the President and VP cannot continue to run the country?
Congress choses a President until elections are held
The President's compensation is not allowed to what?
diminish or increase during his term
What is the President's oath when he is inaugurated?
I solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of the United States of America. And will to the best of my ability preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.
What does the President have the power to grant except in cases of impeachment?
Reprieves and Pardons
What may the president require from departments?
Written opinions on an issue
With the consent of 2/3 of the Senate, the President may do what?
make treaties 
Who shall the President appoint?
Ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and judges of the Supreme Court
The president addresses who when giving the state of the Union?
Congress
What is Article 1?
The Legislature
What is Article 2?
The Executive
What is Article 3?
The Judiciary
What is Article 4?
Interstate Relations
What is Article 5?
Amending the Constitution
What is Article 6?
Debts, Supremacy, and Oaths
What is Article 7?
Ratifying the Constitution
What shall the judicial power be vested in?
A supreme court and inferior courts as congress establishes
All trials besides impeachment shall be by what?
Jury
How many witnesses are required to convict treason?
2
Citizens of each state shall have the same rights as what?
citizens in other states
What happens if someone commits a crime in one state and flees to another where he is caught?
The executive authority sends him back to the state with jurisdiction of the crime
What can bring new states into the union?
The Congress
Can a new State be made inside the jurisdiction of another?
No
What shall Congress guarantee to each State in this Union?
A Republican form of Government
Congress shall protect each state from what?
Invasion and on application of the Legislature, or of the Executive if the Legislature is out to lunch, domestic violence
Whenever 2/3 of both houses deem it necessary or on application of 2/3 of the several states what shall be held?
A convention to create amendments
What is required for an amendment to be ratified?
by 3/4s of the several states or by conventions 3/4s thereof
No amendment can affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article until what year?
1808
No state shall be deprived of what?
its equal suffrage in the Senate
what will never be required of various officers to affirm the constitution and what will be required?
Religious preference will not be and oath and affirmation will be
What shall be sufficient for the establishment of the constitution
the ratification of the conventions of 9 states
When was the Constitution drafted?
December 17t, 1787
In amendment 1, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of what?
Religion
In the 1st amendment, what can the Congress not abridge?
Free speech, or of the press, the right of people to peaceably assemble,
in the 3rd amendment, no soldier shall be what?
quartered in any house without the consent of the owner even in war time
in the 4th amendment,  what shall not be violated?
The publics right to have no property seized or searched without probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation
in the 5th amendment, what shall no person be held to answer for? I PLEAD THE 5TH!!
a crime, unless on presentment of an amendment
What is due process?
(5th amendment) The respect to rights of someone arrested
What is double jeapardy? doo doo do doo do do doo doo doo doo do di do do do
[17:59] Bluenebula92: it means that a person can't be tried twice for the same crime under the same government
What happens every ten years regarding the House of Representatives?
A census of the population is conducted to determine how many representatives a state is entitled to.
How was the respective numbers of a state's population determined?
the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years (apprenticeship) and 3/5 of all other persons (slaves)
What amendment removed the 3/5s clause from Article 1?
the 14th
What amendment removed the requirement that income taxes be apportioned among the states?
the 16th
Are there more Senators or Representatives?
Representatives- Senators have longer terms though
Who is second in command of the Senate and 3rd in line to the Presidency?
The President Pro Tempore
In regulating the election of Senators, Congress has the power to alter the times and manner but what can they not alter?
The place
Each house has the power to judge the _________ and _________ of its members.
Elections and qulifications
What is the minimum vote required to enter info in a journal?
1/5
Except in cases of Treason, Felony, or Breach of Peace when are Senators and Representatives safe from arrest?
When going to, while in, and leaving their respective House
Until the end of his term, a Senator and Representative is not allowed to do what?
take a newly created or higher paying political office, or a civil office.
Upon 2/3s vote from both Houses and presentment to the states for ratification who is bypassed in bringing an amendment into law
The president
The Congress has the power to do what with foreign countries, states, and Indian tribes?
Regulate commerce
What does the Congress have the power to lay and collect?
taxes, duties, imposts and excises
What is an impost?
an extra tax
The congress has the power to do what on the credit of the united states?
borrow money
Congress has the power to establish uniform rules and laws of what throughout the united states?
Naturalization and bankruptcies
Congress has the ability to ______ money, and regulate the value thereof and the value of foreign ______
Coin
The congress has the power to punish what?
the counterfeiting of coin and securities throughout the united states, piracies
The Congress has the power to raise, support, provide, and maintain what?
an army and navy
The Congress is limited the power of laying Capitation which is what?
(Poll tax) a fixed amount not apportioned to the amount of income of an individual
What amendment guards against unreasonable searches and seizures?
The fourth
What amendment stats that "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual ser
The Fith
What amendment allows for the rights to a speedy and public trial as well as an impartial jury?
The sixth
what amendment states that In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved
The Seventh
What amendment prohibits excessive bail or fines, as well as cruel and unusual punishment
the 8th
What amendment addresses rights of the people that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution?
the ninth
What amendment states that "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved for the States respectively, or to the people?"
the tenth
What amendment states that citizens of one state are not allowed to charge a different state?
The eleventh
What amendment changed the way we elect our president and VP? Note: it used to be the runner up in the presidential race took the VP office. Now its all or nothing and presidential candidates chose their VPs.
the twelth
What amendment abolished slavery?
the thirteenth
What amendment provided african americans equal rights and disallows previous individuals who have rebelled under oath to protect the constitution which can be overturned with a 2/3s vote in each house?
The fourteenth
What amendment states that the right to vote will not account for race, color, or previous condition of servitude?
the fifteenth
What amendment says that Congress has the power to collect income taxes?
the 16th
What amendment specifies the election of senators and further rules of the Senate?
the 17th
What amendment bans alcohol? (Prohibition)
the 18th
What amendment allows woman to vote?
the 19th
What amendment changed the day of which congress met at least once a year and what day is it?
the twentieth amendment and the 3rd day of january
What amendment would become inoperative unless it was ratified by 3/4s of the states within 7 years of being presented?
the twentieth
What amendment repealed the prohibition?
the 21st
What amendment states there can only be 2 presidential terms?
the 22nd
What amendment allows for electors for the district of Columbia equal to the whole number of senators and representatives in conin congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a state
the 23rd
what amendment gives the vp the right to be president in the removal of the president and the president the right to nominate a vp if one leaves?
the 24th
What is the minimum vote to endorse a presidential nomination of a vp if his original is removed or resigns?
majority vote
What amendment lowers the voting age from 21 to 18
the 26th
What amendment deals with congressional pay stating "No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened?"
the 27th
How many amendments are there?
27
How many amendments are there?

27

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