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Glossary of ALL MEDICAL TERMS

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-sis
state of
opt/o
vision
aut/o
self
ungu/o
nail
-scope
instrument used for visual examination
tend/o
tendon
antr/o
antrum
uvul/o
uvula
-stasis
control; stop
melan/o
black
chir/o
hand
valv/o
valve
peri-
surrounding (outer)
lact/o
milk
bucc/o
cheek
vas/o
vessel; duct
-stenosis
constriction; narrowing
ili/o
ilium
appendic/o
appendix
thym/o
thymus gland
pro-
before
kal/o
potassium
de-
from; down from; lack of
staphyl/o
grapelike clusters
-scopic
visual examination
rhytid/o
wrinkles
ile/o
ileum
steth/o
chest
para-
around; beside; beyond
ot/o
ear
clavicul/o
clavicle (collarbone)
tom/o
cut; section
multi-
many
pleur/o
pleura
gnath/o
jaw
trache/o
trachea
-schisis
split; fissure
mamm/o
breast
esthesi/o
sensation, sensitivity, feeling
strept/o
twisted chains
retro-
back; behind
lob/o
lobe
fet/o
fetus; unborn child
system/o
system
post-
after
my/o
muscle
epididym/o
epididymis
toxic/o
poison
nulli-
none
myos/o
muscle
dacry/o
tear, tear duct
xanth/o
yellow
-salpinx
fallopian tube
organ/o
organ
ech/o
sound
ur/o
urine; urinary tract
-oxia
oxygen
pneum/o
lung; air
endocrin/o
endocrine
ventricul/o
ventricle
trans-
through; across; beyond
lapar/o
abdomen
cec/o
cecum
thorac/o
thorax (chest)
-agra
excessive pain
son/o
sound
iatr/o
medicine; physician
vesic/o
bladder;sac
bin-
two
omphal/o
umbilicu; navel
derm/o
skin
tonsill/o
tonsils
-phily
love
py/o
pus
cortic/o
cortex (outer layer of body organ)
urethr/o
urethra
infra-
under; below
poster/o
back (of body)
erythr/o
red
viscer/o
internal organs
ana-
up; again; backward
pulmon/o
lung
dipl/o
two; double
tympan/o
eardrum; middle ear
meso-
middle
muc/o
mucus
blephar/o
eyelid
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard
re-
back
path/o
disease
acr/o
extremities; height
lei/o
smooth
-ectasis
stretching out; dilatation; expansion
sigmoid/o
sigmoid
chol/o
gall; bile
labi/o
lips
bi-
two
scoli/o
crooked, curved
dors/o
back (of the body)
meat/o
meatus (opening)
contra-
against
somat/o
body
cry/o
cold
myring/o
eardrum
-ic
pertaining to
papill/o
nipple
-centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
kary/o
nucleus
tachy-
fast, rapid
kyph/o
hump
arteri/o
artery
narc/o
stupor
semi-
half
phas/o
speech
hist/o
tissue
mening/o
meninges
ultra-
beyond; excess
kin/o
movement
corne/o
cornea
lingu/o
tongue
-asthenia
weakness
pyel/o
renal pelvis
gon/o
seed
men/o
menstruation
pre-
before, in front of
ischi/o
ischium
carcin/o
cancer
kinesi/o
movement; motion
hypo-
below; incomplete; deficient
spir/o
breathe; breathing
cyan/o
blue
oo/o
egg; ovum
-ostomy
creation of an artifical opening
radi/o
radius (lower arm bone)
balan/o
glans penis
isch/o
deficiency; blockage
-ac
pertaining to
labyrinth/o
labyrinth
aort/o
aorta
myc/o
fungus
-ologist
one who studies and practices (specialist)
salping/o
fallopian (uterine) tube
episi/o
vulva
ophthalm/o
eye
-morph
form; shape
par/o
bear; give birth to; labor
atel/o
imperfect; incomplete
lith/o
stone; calculus
-coccus
berryshaped (a form bacterium)
phak/o
lens of the eye
gynec/o
woman
lord/o
bent forward
ad-
to;toward
irid/o
iris
abdomin/o
abdomen
jejun/o
jejunum
dia-
thorough; complete
pub/o
pubis
electr/o
electricity, electrical activity
lamin/o
lamina (think; flat plate or layer)
cata-
down
spondyl/o
vertebra; spinal or vertebral column
cervic/o
cervix
metr/o
uterus
exo-
outside; outward
lip/o
fat
emmetr/o
a normal measues
macr/o
abnormal largeness
dys-
difficult; labored; painful; abnormal
later/o
side
chrom/o
color
mastoid/o
mastoid
-meter
instrument used to measure
pod/o
foot
calc/o
calcium
laryng/o
larynx
-oma
tumor; swelling
peritone/o
peritoneum
hem/o
blood
myelon/o
bone marrow
hemi-
half
physi/o
nature
arthr/o
joint
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jawbone)
-desis
surgical fixation; fusion
orth/o
straight
bil/o
bile
onc/o
tumor
-ar
pertaining to
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
gloss/o
tongue
nat/o
birth
endo-
within
mast/o
breast
dur/o
hard; dura mater
lacrim/o
tear duct, tear
orrhexis
rupture
tars/o
tarsals (ankle bones)
heter/o
other
sphygm/o
pulse
-crit
to separate
lymph/o
lymph
ganglion/o
ganglion
vagin/o
vagina
per-
through
phot/o
light
dis-
to undo; free from
clavic/o
clavicle (collarbone)
-pepsia
digestion
onych/o
nail
algesi/o
pain
axill/o
armpit
-esis
condition
myel/o
bone marrow; spinal cord
hepat/o
liver
ven/o
vein
an-
wihtout or absence of
is/o
equal; same
glyc/o
sugar
cyes/o
pregnancy
-apheresis
removal
ichthy/o
fish
aer/o
air; gas
poly-
many; much
ocul/o
eye
disk/o
intervertebral disk
valvul/o
valve
anti-
against
ox/o
oxygen
amnion/o
amnion
amni/o
amnion
eso-
inward
mon/o
one
-capina
carbon dioxide
aur/o
ear
-orrhaphy
suturing; repairing
sept/o
septum
hypn/o
sleep
caud/o
tail; toward the lower part of the body
-ia
condition of diseased; abnormal state
oophor/o
ovary
diaphor/o
sweat
stomat/o
mouth
brady-
slow
radic/o
nerve root
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
ather/o
yellowish; fatty plaque
-eal
pertaining to
ment/o
mind

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