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Glossary of AHS 101 Test 3

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Created by baahabeth

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unfluted columns with a base (similar to doric)
Tuscan Order
tombs built in mounds in the ground (like family homes)
Tumulus Tomb
very decorative. invented by greek but used by romans. like ionic but capital has curling leaves around it
corinthian order
row of arches
arcade
a really fancy coffin
sarchophagus
two intersecting tunnel (barrel) vaults
groin vault
"style of truth" realism, detailed, and precise image
verism
"city square" major civic events happen here; includes plaza and buildings surrounding
forum
really big arch, entrance into forum that commemorated military victory
triumphal arch
found in forum; principle building of civil government (courthouse)
basilica
middle/center of a building
nave
outer part of interior of building (overflow)
side aisles
"two theathers" theater goes all the way around in a circle where games and fights happened
amphitheater
ancient roman house for single family
domus
center of roman house; courtyard
atrium
powerful man who brought peace to rome and became 1st emperor of rome
augustus
painted with colored wax
encaustic
really fancy recreational center with low entrance fee to take villagers minds off everything
Baths of Caracalla
became ruler after battle in 312 CE; first ruler to promote christianity
constantine
last major monument built in ancient rome; only roman basilica with concrete vaulting not wood
basilica of constantine
focal point of "church" with mosaics and painting and round end
apse
organized around central point; symmetrical
central plan
side aisle going around
ambulatory
town (now Instanbul)
constantinople
most important emperor of Byzantine with art and architecture
Justinian
space between each arch in a square of arches; allows dome without circular walls below
pendentives
(XPI) "christ"
chi-rho-iota
symbolizes divinity; oval shape completely surrounds christ (like halo)
mandorla
hand written manuscript that includes pictures
illuminated manuscript
destruction of images
iconoclasm
the idea of jesus and god being the same and the trinity
transfiguration
"image" religious painting of divine or saint
icon
wall in orthadox church separating the congregation from the alter with images on it
iconostasis

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