cueFlash

Glossary of A&P prefixes suffixes roots common words

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

A
without or absence of

ametria
Ab-
from; away from

abduction
Ad-
to; toward

adduction
An-
without or absence of

anaerobic
Ana-
up; again; backward

anaphoresis
ante-
before

anteflexion
anti-
against

antibacterial
apo-
upon

aponeurotic
bi-
bin
two

bimanual
binary
brady-
slow

bradycardia
cata-
down

catabatic
con-
together

conjugal
contra-
against

contraceptive
de-
from; down from; lack of

debride
dia-
thorough; complete

diameter
dis-
to undo; free from

dislocate
dys-
difficult; labored; painful; abnormal

dysplasia
ecto-
outside; outer

ectocardia
endo-
within

endosalpinx
epi-
on; upon; over

epithelial
eso-
inward

esotropia
eu-
normal; good

eupepsia
ex(o)-
outside; outward

excrete
exophthalmos
extra-
outside of; beyond

extracarpal
hemi-
half

hemidiaphragm
hyper-
above; excessive

hypertension
hypo-
below; incomplete; deficient

hypoglycemic
in-
in; into; not

intubate
infra-
under; below

infrglottic
intra-
within

intravenous
mal-
bad

malabsorption
meso-
middle

mesocolon
meta-
after;beyond;change

metastatic
micro-
small

micronodular
multi-
many

multilobar
neo-
new

neonatal
nulli-
none

nulliparous
pan-
all; total

pancytopenia
para-
beside;beyond;around

pancytopenia
per-
through

percutaneous
peri-
surrounding (outer)

pericardium
poly-
many; much

polyopia
post-
after

postembryonic
pre-
before; infront of

preoperative
pro-
before

prodromal
re-
back

reflux
retro-
back; behind

retrograde
semi-
half

semirecumbent
sub-
under; below

subcutaneous
super-
over; above

superimpose
supra-
above

suprascleral
sym-
together; joined

symbiotic
syn-
together; joined

synergetic
tachy-
fast; rapid

tachycardia
tetra-
four

tetrameric
trans-
through; across; beyond

transurethral
tri-
three

trilocular
ultra-
beyond; excess

ultrasound
uni-
one

uniseptate
-ac
pertaining to

cardiac
-al
pertaining to

femoral
-algia
pain

arthralgia
-apheresis
removal

leukapheresis
-ar
pertaining to

malar
-ary
pertaining to

biliary
-ase
enzyme

alkaline phosphate
-asthenia
weakness

myasthenia
-capnia
carbon dioxide

hypocapnia
-cele
hernia; protrusion

hydrocele
-centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid

amniocentesis
-cidal
killing

suicidal
-coccus (pl. cocci)
berry shaped ( a form of bacterium)

pneumococcus
-crine
separate; secrete

endocrine
-crit
to separate

hematocrit
-cyte
cell

leukocyte
-desis
surgical fixation; fusion

arthrodesis
-eal
pertaining to

calcaneal
-ectasis
stretching out; dilation; expansion

bronchiectasis
-ectomy
excision or surgical removal

tonsillectomy
-emesis
vomiting

hematemesis
-emia
blood condition

anemia
-esis
condition

diaphoresis
-gen
substance or agen that produces or causes

antigen
-genesis
origin; cause

iatrogenesis
-genic
producing; originating; causing

organogenic
-gram
record; x-ray film

echocardiogram
-graph
instrument used to record

radiograph
-graphy
process of recording; xray filming

arteriography
-ia
condiation of diseased or abnormal state

hypoxia
-ial
pertaining to

arterial
-iasis
condition

psoriasis
-iatry
physician; treatment

psychiatry
-ic
pertaining to

apneic
-ician
one who

physician
-ictal
seizure; attack

postictal
-ism
state of

embolism
-itis
inflamation

colitis
-lepsy
seizure

epilepsy
-lysis
loosening; dissolution; separating

hydrolysis
-lytic
destroy; reduce

thrombolytic
-malacia
softening

chondromalacia
-mania
madness; insane desire

pyromania
-megaly
enlargement

hepatosplenomegaly
-metry
measurement

oximetry
-morph
form; shape

polymorph (polymorphonuclear)
-odynia
pain

arthrodynia
-oid
resembling

hyoid
-ologist
one who studies and practices (specialist)

cardiologist
-ology
study of

oncology
-oma
tumor; swelling

hematoma
-oorhagia
rapid flow of blood

menorrhagia
-opia
vision (condition)

myopia
-opsy
to view

biopsy
-orrhaphy
suturing; repairing

herniorrhaphy
-orrhea
flow; excessive discharge

menorrhea
-orrhexis
rupture

capsulorrhexis
-osis
abnormal condition (means increased when used with blood cell word roots)

dermatosis
-ostomy
creation of an artificial opening

colostomy
-otomy
cut into or incision

craniotomy
-ous
pertaining to

parous
-oxia
oxygen

hypoxia
-paresis
slight paralysis

hemiparesis
-pathy
disease

neuropathy
-penia
abnormal reduction in number

cytopenia
-pepsia
digestion

dyspepsia
-pexy
surgical fixation; suspension

urethropexy
-phagia
eating; swallowing

odynophagia
-phobia
abnormal fear of or aversion to specific objects or things

claustrophobia
-phonia
sound or voice

hyperphonia
-phoria
feeling

euphoria
-physis
growth

hypophysis
-plasia
formation; development; a growth

hyperplasia
-plasm
growth; substance; formation

cytoplasm
-plasty
plastic or surgical repair

arthroplasty
-plegia
paralysis

paraplegia
-pnea
breathing

apnea
-poiesis
formation

hematopoiesis
-porosis
passage

osteoporosis
-prandial
meal

postprandial
-ptosis
dropping; sagging; prolapse

splanchnoptosis
-ptysis
spitting

hemoptysis
-salpinx
fallopian tube

hydrosalpinx
-sarcoma
malignant tumor

angiosarcoma
-sclerosis
hardening

atherosclerosis
-scope
instrument used for visual examination

endoscope
-scopic
visual examination

arthroscopic
-scopy
visual examination

colonoscopy
-sepsis
infection

sepsis
-spasm
sudden involuntary muscle contraction

vasospasm
-stalsis
contraction

peristalsis
-stasis
control; stop

hemostasis
-stenosis
constriction; narrowing

stenosis
-thorax
chest

hemithorax
-tocia
birth; labor

dystocia
-tome
instrument used to cut

keratome
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-trophy
nourishment

atrophy
-ule
little

pustule
-uria
urine; urination

pyuria
abdomin
abdoment

abdominal
acanth
thorny, spiny

acanthaceous
acetabul
acetabulum (hip socket)

acetabulum
acou
hearing

acoustic
acr
extremities; height

acral
actin
ray; radius

actinic
aden
gland

adenocarcinoma
adenoid
adenoids

adenoiditis
adren (al)
adrenal gland

adrenal
adrenalectomy
aer
air; gas

aerate
albumin
albumin

albuminaturia
algesi
pain

analgesia
alveoli
alveolus

alveolitis
ambly
dull; dim

amblyopia
amni (on)
amnion

amniocele

amnionic
amyl
starch

amylose
an
anus
andr
male

androgen
angi
vessel

angina
anis
unequal; dissimilar

anisothenic
ankyl
crooked; bent; fused

ankylosed
antr
antrum (cavity, chamber)

antrum
aort
aorta

aortic
aponeur
aponeurosis

aponeurotic
appendix
appendix

appendicitis
arche; archi
first; beginning

archecentric
arteri
artery

arteriography
arteriol
arteriole (small artery)

arteriolosclerosis
arthr
joint

arthritis
articul
joint

articulation
atel
imperfect; incomplete

atelectasis
ather
yellowish; fatty plaque

atherosclerosis
atri
atrium (chamber)

atrioventricular
aur
ear

aural
aut
self

autoantibody
axill
armpit

axilla
azot
urea; nitrogen

azotemia
bacteri
bacteria

bacterial
balan
glans penis

balanitis
bi
life

biology
bil
bile

biliary (duct)
blast
developing cell

blastocyte
blephar
eyelid

blepharoplasty
brachi
arm

brachial (artery)
bronch
bronchus

bronchitis
bronchiol
bronchiole
bucc
cheek

buccal
burs
bursa (cavity)

bursitis
calc
calcium
cancer
cancer
carcin
cancer

carcinoma
cardi
heart

cardiac
carp
carpals (wrist bones)

carpal tunnel
caud
tail; toward the lower part of the body

caudal
cec
cecum

cecal
celi
abdomen (abdominal cavity)

celioenterotomy
cephal
head

cephalad
cerebell
cerebellum

cerebellar
cerebr
cerebrum, brain

cerebromedullary
cerumin
cerumen (earwax)

ceruminal
cervic
cervix

cervical
cheil
lip

cheilitis
chir
hand

chirality
chol
gall; bile

cholecystectomy
cholangi
bile duct

cholangitis
choledoch
common bile duct

choledochitis
chondr
cartilage

chondral
chori
chorion

chorioretinal
chrom
color

chromatogenous
clavic
clavicle (collarbone)
col
colon

colonitis
colp
vagina

colposcopy
coni
dust

doniosis
conjunctiv
conjunctiva
cor
pupil

corectasis
corne
cornea

corneal
coron
heart

coronary
cortic
cortex (outer layer of body organ)

cortical
cost
rib

costicervical
crani
cranium (skull)

cranial
cry
cold

cryotherapy
crypt
hidden

cryptic
culd
culdesac
cutane
skin

subcutaneous
cyan
blue

cyanotic
cyes
pregnancy

cyesis
cyst
bladder; sac

cystic
cyt
cell

cytology
dacry
tear, tear duct

dacryoadenitis
dactyl
fingers or toes

dactylolysis
dent
tooth

dentition

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards