Glossary of 800 SAT words to KNOW! (not finished yet)
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growing ardor; intensity or feeling.
inactive; lacking power to move.
deceptive; not real.
- rubbing away; tending to grind down.
Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's patience.
able to see differences; prejudiced.
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor.
- applaud; announce with great approval.
The NBC sportscasters acclaimed every American victory in the Olympics and lamented every American defeat.
- teaching; instructional.
- obscure; profound; difficult to understand.
She carries around abstruse works of philosophy, not because she understands them but because she wants her friends to think she does.
reserved or aloof; cold in manner.
put away from consideration; reject.
brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten.
- award of merit.
In the world of public relations, a "Clio" is the highest accolade an advertising campaign can receive.
fail completely; sink.
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds).
resistant to; free or exempt from.
- easy to approach; obtainable.
We asked our guide whether the ruins were accessible on foot.
serve as an example of; embody.
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion.
- abnormal or deviant.
Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.
- mentally quick and observant; having insight.
spotless; flawless; absolutely clean.
- condense or shorten.
Because the publishers felt the public wanted a shorter version of War and Peace, they proceeded to abridge the novel.
mild expression used in place of an unpleasant one.
- subside or moderate.
Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.
stimulate by shock; stir up; revitalize.
- ridicule; make fun of.
- sparing in eating and drinking; temperate.
Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.
feeling of great happiness and well-being (sometimes exaggerated).
- express disapproval of; protest against; belittle.
untimely; poorly chosen.
- complete; totally unlimited; certain.
Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch, he didn't want to behead his unfaithful wife without absolute evidence of her infidelity.
desert; abandon; renounce.
drive away; scatter; cause to vanish.
- theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational.
To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he never missed a meal.
selective in choosing from a variety of sources.
- tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler.
bankrupt; unable to repay one's debts.
prevent by taking action in advance.
- think up; invent; plan.
squander; waste; scatter.
- depressed; gloomy.
pass into or through; penetrate (an organization) sneakily.
- steadiness of effort; persistant hard work.
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence.
argumentative; fond of arguing.
not easily satisfied; greedy.
- corruption; wickedness.
hint; imply; creep in.
clashing or unresolved chords(as in music).
begin; originate; receive into a group.
- harmful; damaging.
suitable to achieve a particular end; practical; politic.
- wordy; rambling; spread out.
urge; start; provoke.
view with scorn or contempt.
lacking proper seriousness.
lacking flavor; dull.
- dissolve; disperse.
length of time something lasts.
relentless; unyielding; implacable.
- emotionally removed; calm and objective; indifferent.
lack of consistency; difference.
unfriendly; hostile; harmful; detrimental.
excessively self-centered; self-important; conceited.
exceedingly small; so small as to be almost nonexistent.
- unoriginal; derived from another source.
rear; encourage; nurture.
defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve.
- wandering away from the subject.
violation (od a rule or regulation); breach.
- roundabout; erratic; not straightforward.
conspicuously wicked; blatant; outrageous.
not harmonious; conflicting.
not material; not able to be perceived by touch; vague; elusive.
still in existence.
- something that discourages; hindrance.
lacking in seriousness; self-indulgently carefree; relatively unimportant.
- lessening; reduction in size.
specialized knowledge; expert skill.
cause to break up; scatter.
change; introduction of something new.
difference; condition of inequality.
basic; primary; essential.
firmly established by nature or habit; intrinsic.
- similarity; parallelism.
A well-known analogy compares the body's immune system to an army whose defending troops are the lymphocytes or white blood cells.
not essential; superfluous.
- absence of contradictions; dependability; uniformity; degree of thickness.
Bond had ample opportunity to escape. Why did he let us catch him?
- use of force to get someone's compliance.
- person who seekd to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority.
Denying she was an anarchist, Katya maintained she wished only to make changes in our government, not to destroy it entirely.
not fitting; absurd.
not essential; minor.
- compulsion; repression of feelings.
"Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our standard vocabulary.
make use of, sometimes unjustly.
- brief and compact.
periodic; on and off.
mixed up; jumbled; distorted.
unintelligible; muddled; illogical.
- unreasonable or capriciousl randomly selected w/o any reason; based solely on one's unrestricted will or judgement.
The coach claimed the team lost because the umpire made some arbitrary calls.
tending to include all.
- admit; yield.
unruly; stubborn; unyielding.
indisputable; not open to question.
complete; necessary for completeness.
tending or leaning toward; bent.
- overpowering; irresistable in effect.
by oversight; carelessly or unintentionally.
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few.
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist.
- assemble; gather; accumulate.
calmness of temperment; composure.
- honor the memory of.
ruddy; reddish; flowery.
- readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements.
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness.
expression of praise, often on the occassion of someone's death.
- having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite.
illogical; lacking reason; insane.
start; initiate; install in office.
accidental; by chance.
- mental calmness.
complex; knotty; tangled.
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness.
- report; record (in chronological order).
lack of proper respect.
without feeling; imperturbable; stoical.
not literal, but metaphorical; using a figure of speech.
- corroborate; verify; support.
turn upside down or inside out.
- fear; discernment; capture.
The tourist refused to drive his rental car through downtown Miami because he felt some apprehension that he might be car-jacked.
totally clear; definite; outspoken.
- disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather.
not applicable; unrelated.
- reconciling; appeasing; amiable.
irritable; easily angered.
put into effect; supply with tools.
- convincing; decisive.
language used by a special group; technical terminology; gibberish.
without previous preparation; off the cuff; on the spur of the moment.
- condemn; criticize.
- quack; pretender to knowledge.
When they realized that the Wizard didn't know how to get them back to Kansas, Dorothy and her companions were indignant that they'd been duped by a charlatan.
uncertain how to act; weak.
- agree in opinion.
said or done in jest; joking.
understood but not stated.
- approach; tend to meet; come together.
- overlook voluntarily; forgive.
- dry; barren.
The cactus has adapted to survive in an arid environment.
not biased; fair.
- thorough; inclusive.
immediate insight; power of knowing without reasoning.
- hostile; opposed.
Despite his lawyer's best efforts to stop him, the angry prisoner continued to make antagonistic remarks to the judge.
not effective; weak.
- great fire.
essential; inherent; built-in; natural.
- medicine to counteract a poison or disease.
When Marge's child accidentally swallowed some cleaning fluid, the local poison control hotline told Marge how to administer the antidote.
- confuse; puzzle.
looking within oneself.
- pacify or soothe; relieve.
Tom and Jody tried to appease their crying baby by offering him one toy after another. However, they couldn't calm him down until they appeased his hunger by giving him a bottle.
unmoved; lacking concern.
- face; challenge.
relating to a contradiction between an event's expected result and its actual outcome; sarcastic.
provide written evidence.
- general agreement.
- heat; passion; zeal.
Katya's ardor was catching; soon all her fellow demostrators were busily making posters and handing out flyers, inspired by her enthusiasm for the cause.
- old-fashioned; obsolete.
Philip had grown so accustomed to editing his articles on word processors that he thought typewriters were too antiquated for him to use.
humor; treat leniently.
- scrupulous; careful.
- pride; haughtiness.
Convinced that Emma thought she was better than anyone else in the class, Ed rebuked her for her arrogance.
impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed.
overwhelm; flood; submerge.
- contrast; direct opposite of or to.
Good is the antithesis of evil, innocence the antithesis of guilt.
- shorten; reduce.
- untrue; made up.
To impress his friends, Ted invented apocryphal talkes of his adventures in the big city.
- controlling influence.
Leaders of religious cults maintain ascendancy over their followers by methods that can verge on brain-washing.
sturdy; robust; able to stand inclement weather.
- be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly concious of.
Little Orphan Annie truly appreciated the stocks Daddy Warbucks gave her, which appreciated in value considerably over the years.
evasive; baffling; hard to grasp.
- active enmity.
By advocating cuts in campaign spending and limits on congressional powers, the reform candidate almost seemed to invite the animosity of the party's leaders.
- wise; shrewd.
Expecting Miss Marple to be a woolly-headed old lady, Inspector Craddock was startled by the astute observations she made.
- lack of caring; indifference.
A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote.
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