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Glossary of 373A Final

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a seraph who, though counted among Lucifer's legions in heaven, remains faithful to God, standing up to chastise Lucifer and the angels who are about to follow him into rebellion in Book V, beginning with line 803
Abdiel
Satan's lieutenant and chief supporter. In the debate among the devils in Book II, he speaks last and presents the plan for a furtive revenge against God by perverting man, which is, in fact, Satan's own plan, which he only pretends to suggest of his own
Beelzebub
a fallen angel who speaks second during the demonic council [ii.108], conceding God is too powerful to oppose and they should wait for his amnesty. His graceful manner conceals a vice-ridden soul
Belial
the personification of anarchy, described along with Night to be "ancestors of Nature" [ii.890], encountered by Satan on his journey to Earth.
Chaos
Described as a frightening, shadowy figure [ii.666], which makes even Satan wary in its presence. "Fierce as ten Furies, terrible as Hell," and wearing a crown, it wields a dart, threatens Satan with it, and speaks mockingly to him.
Death
an angel faithful to God, second in rank to Michael, assigned to guard the Garden of Eden in the days before the fall.
Gabriel
the name by which Satan is known before his fall from Heaven. The name is Latin, meaning "light-bearer."
Lucifer
a fallen angel who speaks third at Satan's council [ii.229], suggesting that the devils make the best of their present situation in Hell and not oppose God any further.
Mammon
the Son of God and future incarnation of Jesus Christ, whom the Father ordains king of the angels and his equal in power. He defeats Lucifer's rebellion [vi.824], and is sent by his Father to carry out the miracle of Creation [Book VII]. He volunteers to
Messiah
the archangel who leads the loyal angelic army against the rebels in the war in Heaven. Wielding a mighty sword, he duels with Lucifer and wounds him [vi.245]. He later descends to Earth to expel Adam and Eve from Paradise [Books XI, XII].
Michael
a bellicose angel, the first speaker at the council in Hell [ii.43], fiercely advocating a return to open war against God, even should it conclude with their destruction.
Moloch
What is the capital of Hell and the setting for the demonic council?
Pandemonium
the angel God sends to visit Adam and Eve in Eden to warn them about Satan. He is the poem's narrator of the account of Satan's rebellion in heaven and the creation of the world, as told to the human couple. He is "sociably mild" in contrast to
Raphael
The allegorical personification of evil, originator of evil, father of Sin and Death, adversary of God, and destroyer of Eden
Satan
the daughter of Satan, who literally sprung from his head when he first conceived of rebellion while still in Heaven; made pregnant by her father, from which incestuous match came Death. Described as a beautiful woman to the waist, but below the waist &q
Sin
Milton's Christian Muse, invoked at various points in the epic to inspire the telling of the story of Paradise Lost
Urania
one of the "seven spirits that stand in sight of God's high throne" [ii.654] and the radiant archangel of the sun, fooled by a disguised Satan into directing the fiend to Earth.
Uriel
The devils' palace is named what?
Pandemonium
Mt. Helicon sacred to the classical muses
Aonian Mount
Four archangels
Uriel, Raphael, Michael, Gabriel
This quote comes from what piece: "Poetry is an art of imitation, for so Aristotle termeth it in the word mimesis."
The Defense of Poesy
What are Sir Philip Sidney's two works studied in class?
1. The Defense of Poesy
2. Astrophil and Stella
Author and work of this quote: "Many there be that complain of divine providence for suffering Adam to transgress; foolish tongues! When God gave him reason, he gave him freedom to choose, for reason is but choosing"
John Milton
Areopagitica
Author and work of this quote: "And how can a man teach with authority, which is the life of teaching, how can he be a doctor in his book as he ought to be, or else had better be silent, whenas all he teaches, all he delivers, is but under the tuiti
JOhn Milton
Areopagitica
This was a vicious, decades long struggle for royal power between the noble houses of York and Lancaster.
War of the Roses
This movement involved a rebirth of letters and arts stimulated by the recovery of texts and artifacts from classical antiquity, the development of techniques such as linear perspective, and the creation of powerful new aesthetic practices based on class
the Renaissance
This person claimed that the pope and his hierarchy were the servants of Satan and that the Church had degenerated into a corrupt, worldly conspiracy designed to bilk the credulous and subvert secular authority.
Martin Luther
sola scriptura
Only the scriptures have authority in matters of religion and should determine what an individula must believe and practice
sola fide
only the faith of an individual can effect a Christian's salvation
This minority sought to dismantle the church hierarchy, to purge the calendar folk customs deemed pagan and the church service of ritual practices deemed superstitious and to smash idolotrou statues, etc.
THe Puritans
Henry VIII's daughter was nicknamed what for her initiation of religious persecutions?
Bloody Mary
As England's crowned head, Elizabeth's person was divided into what two parts?
1. her mortal "body natural"
2. the immortal "body politic"
England loved this queen, and her godson said of her, "We all loved her for she said she loved us."
Queen Elizabeth
Sidney's "Astrophil and Stella" is written using what rhyme scheme?
Petrarchan Sonnet
Author and Title:
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show,
That the dear She might take some pleasure of my pain:
Pleasure might cause her read, reading might make her know,
Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace obtain,
Sir Philip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
This author introduced English the sonnet, a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter with a complex, intertwining rhyme scheme.
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Petrarchan sonnet structure and rhyme scheme
Octave "abbaabba" and a sestet "cd cd cd" or "cde cde"
Wyatt's sonnet's structure and rhyme scheme
Octave "abbaabba" and a sestet "cddc ee"
Author and Title:
Whoso list to hunt, I know where is an hind!
But as for me, helas, I may no more;
The vain travail hath wearied me so sore,
I am of them that furthest come behind.
Yet may I by no means my wearied mind
Draw
Sir Thomas Wyatt
Whoso list to hunt
This poet took the Petrarchan sonnet and twisted, changing both the rhyme scheme and the topic: women became the objects of misogyny.
Sir Thomas Wyatt
The three qualities that make up the structure and rhyme scheme of the English sonnet
1. "abab cdcd efef gg"
2. Three quatrains and a couplet
3. Iambic pentameter
This was the first English poet to publish in blank verse
Henry Howard, aka Surrey
This poet's love poems were not very convincing, however, his poems about his male friendships, he comes alive.
Henry Howard, aka Surrey
Author
MARTIAL, the things for to attain
The happy life, be these, I find :
The riches left, not got with pain ;
The fruitful ground, the quiet mind :

The equal friend, no grudge, no strife ;
No charge of rule, nor go
Henry Howard, aka Surrey
Martial, the things for to attain
Name the movement opposed to crucial aspects of both the belief system and the institutionalized structure of Roman Catholicism.
The Protestant Reformation
Author, title, speaker:
When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her, though I know she lies,
That she might think me some untutuored youth,
Unlearned in the world’s false subtleties.
Thus vainly thinking t
Shakespeare, Shakespearian sonnet
What are the conventions of a Petrarchan sonnet?
1. Iambic Pentameter
According to Sidney, what are the three types of poets?
1. Divinely inspiried
2. Philosophically inspired
3.
Author and Title:

Yet hearing late a fable, which did show
Of lovers never known a grievous case,
Pity thereof gat in her breast such place
That, from the sea derived, tears' spring did flow.
Alas, if fancy, drawn by i
Sir Philip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
Epithalamion
It is a wedding song whose Greek name conveys that is was sung on the threshold of the bridal chamber.
This poet utilizes a ephitalamion to celebrate in his work.
Edmund Spenser
Whose sonnets were unlike most of his day, choosing to adopt a beautiful young man as the principal object of praise, love and idealizing devotion?
William Shakespeare
Shakespeare's most frequent rhyme scheme:
"abab cdcd efef gg"
Author, title, speaker:
When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her, though I know she lies,
That she might think me some untutored youth,
Unlearned in the world’s false subtleties.
Thus vainly thinking th
Shakespeare, Shakespearian Sonnet
What author wrote the procreation sonnets which all argue that the young man, to whom they are addressed, should marry and father children, hence, procreate. Throughout the procreation sonnets, __ usually argues that the child will be a copy of the young
William Shakespeare
The three main poets in Shakespeare's work:
The Fair Youth
The Dark Lady
The Rival Poet
Author, title, and rhyme scheme:
A woman's face with nature's own hand painted,
Hast thou, the master mistress of my passion;
A woman's gentle heart, but not acquainted
With shifting change, as is false women's fashion:
An eye mo
Shakespeare, Shakesperian
The author of The Affectionate Shepard, which, with its overt homoerotic themes, caused a stir and a need for a dedicatory letter.
Richard Barnfield
According to Donne, in “Biathanatos,” what defense is there for suicide?
Nothing else had worked
What is the rhyme scheme for an Italian/Petrarchan sonnet and give an example of one such poem.
abab cdcd efef gg
What does Sidney say is the key ingredient of good poetry?
The power to move; energia
Under whose reign were the first permanent English settlements in North America established?
C
Donne's two major modes are religious spiritualism and erotic amorousness. How does he combine those two modes in some of his poems? In which poems does he not combine them?
His principal method of combination is simply to mingle the discourses of spirituality and carnality--pleading with God to rape him in the fourteenth Divine Meditation or claiming to embody the sweat of Adam and the blood of Christ in the "Hymn to God my God." In the "Valediction," Donne describes an ideal of spiritual love that seems to unify the holy and the romantic but that consciously eschews erotic desire. Poems, such as "The Flea" and "The Sun Rising," make little use of the spiritual mode beyond passing reference (such as Donne's calling the flea his "marriage temple"); poems, such as "Death be not proud," have little to do with the worldly or the erotic.
How does Donne distinguish between physical and spiritual love? Which does he prefer? (Think especially about "The Flea" and "A Valediction: forbidding Mourning.")
"Physical love" is love that is primarily based upon the sensation or the presence of the beloved or that emphasizes sexuality; in "The Flea," Donne celebrates the physical side of love when he tries to convince his beloved to sleep with him. In the "Valediction," Donne describes a spiritual love, "Inter-assured of the mind," which does not miss "eyes, lips, and hands" because it is based on higher and more refined feelings than sensation. In the "Valediction," Donne is critical of "dull sublunary" physical love, which could not survive in the absence of the beloved, and expresses a profound preference for spiritual love, which is much rarer--it is not the love of the common men and women. But there are certainly erotic moments in Donne's writing (The graphically sexual "To His Mistress, on Going to Bed" comes to mind) when he would seem to prefer the erotic to the intellectual.
In what ways does Donne's mode of address to Death and God differ from what you might expect?
In each poem, Donne takes a surprisingly self-confident, even casual, tone toward awesome immortal powers: He does not cower before Death or plea for God's forgiveness, he mocks Death and pleas for God to wreck him to the ground, imprison him, and ravish him--neither approach is the usual mode for addressing supernatural beings.
What is the Ptolemaic universe?
each planet is moved by two or more spheres: one sphere is its deferent which is centered on the Earth, and the other sphere is the epicycle which is embedded in the deferent. The planet is embedded in the epicycle sphere. The deferent rotates around the Earth while the epicycle rotates within the deferent, causing the planet to move closer to and farther from Earth at different points in its orbit, and even to slow down, stop, and move backward (in retrograde motion). The epicycles of Venus and Mercury are always centered on a line between Earth and the Sun (Mercury being closer to Earth), which explains why they are always near it in the sky.
Who was the first Englishwoman to publish a substantial volume of original poems?
Aemelia Lanyer
According to Sidney, what is the "final end" of poetry?
B
What particular problem does Herbert address in his poetry?
His unequal relationship with God
How is the mistress in Shakespeare's sonnets described? How is this different from the addressee traditional, Petrarchan sonnets?
D
Sir Philip Sidney wrote the majority of his work during the reign of which queen?
Queen Elizabeth
John Donne wrote most of his poetry during which period?
The Jacobean Period
This writer focused a lot on medicine, technology and science in his sonnets.
John Donne
This writer focused on himself a lot when writing, but also shared the spotlight with nature.
William Shakespeare
Which three writers wrote in blank verse?
Ben Jonson, John Webster, and John Milton
Many of this writer's poems explore the human condition in terms of fundamental dichotomies that resist resolution.
Andrew Marvell
"To His Coy Mistress" is what type of poem and who was its author?
A carpe diem poem
Andrew Marvell
Author and Title:
“There is no Art delivered unto mankind that hath not the
works of nature for his principal object, without which
they could not consist, and on which they so depend, as
they become actors & players, as it were
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
Author and Title:
"Nature never set forth the earth
in so rich Tapestry as diverse Poets have done, neither
with so pleasant rivers, fruitful trees, sweet smelling
flowers, nor whatsoever else may make the too much
loved ear
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
Author and Title:
“Neither let it be deemed too saucy a comparison, to
balance the highest point of man’s wit, with the efficacy of
nature: but rather give right honor to the heavenly Maker
of that maker, who having made man to hi
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
Author and Title:
[The] delivering forth [of the poet’s golden world] . . . is
not wholly imaginative, . . . but so far substantially it
worketh, not only to make a Cyrus, . . . but to bestow a
Cyrus upon the world to make many Cyru
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
What does the term "mimesis" mean?
imitation or reproduction of the supposed words of another, as in order to represent his or her character
What author and work discusses the importance of the Philosopher and the HIstorian?
Sir Philip Sidney
Defence of Poesy
What is the rhyme scheme of a Spensarian sonnet?
abab bcbc cdcd ee
Author and Title:
Loving in truth, and fain in verse my love to show,
That she, dear she, might take some pleasure of my pain,
Pleasure might cause her read, reading might make her know,
Knowledge might pity win, and pity grace obtain
Sir Philip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
Author and Title:
When Sorrow, using mine own fire's might,
Melts down his lead into my boiling breast,
Through that dark furnace to my heart oppressed,
There shines a joy from thee, my only light:
But soon as thought of thee bre
Sir PHilip Sidney
Astrophil and Stella
Author and Title:
SONG made in lieu of many ornaments,
With which my loue should duly haue bene dect,
Which cutting off through hasty accidents,
Ye would not stay your dew time to expect,
But promist both to recompens,
Be vn
Edmund Spenser
The Epithalamion
Author and Title:
MOST glorious Lord of lyfe that on this day,
Didst make thy triumph ouer death and sin:
and hauing harrowd hell didst bring away,
captiuity thence captiue vs to win.
This ioyous day, deare Lord, with ioy begin,
Edmund Spenser
Amoretti
What is Bardolatry?
Shakespeare worship
This is an example of what kind of poem and who is its author?

Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest
Now is the time that face should form another,
Whose fresh repair if now thou not rewenest,
Thou dost beguile the wo
Procreation Sonnet
William Shakespeare
Author and Title:
Two loves I have of comfort and despair,
Which like two spirits do suggest me still:
The better angel is a man right fair,
The worser spirit a woman colored ill.
To win me soon to hell, my female evil
Tempt
William Shakespeare
Shakespeare Sonnets
Whose work includes a not so triangular love between Daphnis, Ganymede, and Queen Guendolen?
Richard Barnfield
Author and Title:
Sighing, and sadly sitting by my love,
He asked the cause of my heart’s sorrowing,
Conjuring me by heaven’s eternal king
To tell the cause which me so much did move.
Compelled (quoth I), to thee will I con
Richard Barnfield
Cynthia
In Lady Mary Wroth's poetry, which character assumes the position of the speaking, gazing, blazoning subject?
the woman
Author and Title:
Take heed mine eyes, how you your looks do cast
Lest they betray my heart’s most secret thought,
Be true unto yourselves, for nothing’s bought
More dear than doubt which brings a lover’s fast.
Catch all
Lady Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amhilanthus
Who is this quote describing?
"A whore and a hermaphrodite for publishing her work, the latter term implying that she was a monstrous combination of male (that is, artistic and creative) and female parts”
Lady Mary Wroth
Author and Title:
Am I thus conquered? Have I lost the powers
That to withstand, which joys to ruin me?
Must I be still while in my strength devours,
And captive leads me prisoner, bound, unfree?
Love first shall leave mean’
Lady Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
A neoplatonic writer whose frequent presentation of lovers’ world as microcosm that represents the universe illustrates his neoplatonism.
John Donne
The idea that the material world is a reflection of and a path to the spiritual world is part of what school of thought?
Neoplatanism
“A term that can be applied to any poetry that deals with philosophical or spiritual matters”
Metaphysical poetry
Author and Title:
Oh stay, three lives in one flea spare,
Where we almost, any more than married are.
This flea is you and I, and this
Our marriage bed and marriage temple is;
Though parents grudge, and you, we are met,
An
John Donne
The Flea
Author and Title:
She is all states, and all princes I,
Nothing else is.
Princes do but play us; compared to this,
All honor’s mimic, all wealth alchemy.
Thou, sun, art half as happy as we,
In that the world’s contracted
John Donne
The Sun Rising
Author and Title:
Come, Madam, come, all rest my powers defy,
Until I labor, I in labor lie.
The foe ofttimes having the foe in sight,
Is tired with standing though he never fight.
Off with that girdle, like heaven’s zone glist
John Donne
Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed
Author and Title:
Like pictures, or like books’ gay coverings, made
For laymen, are all women thus arrayed;
Themselves are mystic books, which only we
(Whom their imputed grace will dignify)
Must see revealed. Then since that
John Donne
Elegy 19. To His Mistress Going to Bed
Author and Title:
Where is that holy fire, which verse is said
To have? Is that enchanting fire decayed?
Verse, that draws Nature’s works, from Nature’s law,
Thee, her best work, to her work cannot draw.
Have my tears quenc
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
This is the first "lesbian poem" and it was written by whom?
Sappho and Philaenis
JOhn Donne
Author and Title:
Only thine image in my heart doth sit,
But that is wax, and fire environs it. 10
My fires have driven, thine have drawn it hence;
And I am robbed of picture, heart, and sense.
Dwells within me still mine irkso
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
Such was my Phao awhile, but shall be never,
As thou wast, art, and, oh, mayst thou be ever.
Here lovers swear in their idolatry,
That I am such; but grief discolors me.
And yet I grieve the less, lest grief
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
My two lips, eyes, thighs, differ from thy two, 45
But so, as thine from one another do;
And, oh, no more; the likeness being such,
Why should they not alike in all parts touch?
Hand to strange hand, lip to li
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
We then, who are this new soul, know
Of what we are composed and made,
For th’ atomies of which we grow
Are souls, whom no change can invade.

But O alas, so long, so far
Our bodies why do we forb
John Donne
The Ectasy
Author and Title:
So must pure lovers’ souls descend
T’ affections, and to faculties
Which sense may reach and apprehend;
Else a great prince in prison lies.

To our bodies turn we then, that so
Weak men on love
John Donne
THe Ectasy
eros
Physical desire
agape
pure spirtual love
What is a canonization?
The process of declaring someone a saint and involves proving that a candidate has lived in such a way that he or she qualifies for this.
Author and Title:
FOR God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love ;
Or chide my palsy, or my gout;
My five gray hairs, or ruin’d fortune flout;
With wealth your state, your mind with arts improve;
Take you a course, get you
John Donne
The Canonization
Author and Title:
Call’s what you will, we are made such by love ;
Call her one, me another fly, 20
We’re tapers too, and at our own cost die,
And we in us find th’ eagle and the dove.
The phoenix riddle hath more wit
John Donne
The Canonization
Author and Title:
Batter my heart, three-person’d God; for you
As yet but knock, breathe, shine, and seek to mend;
That I may rise, and stand, o’erthrow me, and bend
Your force, to break, blow, burn, and make me new. 4
I, lik
John Donne
Holy Sonnet
Author and Title:
Show me, dear Christ, thy so bright and clear.
What! is it she which on the other shore
Goes richly painted? or which, robbed and tore,
Laments and mourns in Germany and here? 4
Sleeps she a thousand, then peeps
John Donne
Holy Sonnet
Which poet wrote almost exclusively what is called meditative
or DEVOTIONAL poetry: making love to God?
George Herbert
Author and Title:
A broken A L T A R, Lord, thy servant reares,
Made of a heart, and cemented with teares:
Whose parts are as thy hand did frame;
No workmans tool hath touch’d the same.
A H E A R T alone
Is such a stone,
George Herbert
The Altar
Which poem's shape and movement enact/embody
the idea of THE FORTUNATE FALL as a spiritual
reality in the life of every soul, dying in order to live and who is the author?
George Herbert
Easter-Wings
Author and Title:
When first thou didst entice to thee my heart,
I thought the service brave:
So many joyes I writ down for my part,
Besides what I might have
Out of my stock of naturall delights, 5
Augmented with thy gracio
George Herbert
Affliction poem
Author and Title:
My flesh began unto my soul in pain, 25
Sicknesses cleave my bones;
Consuming agues dwell in ev’ry vein,
And tune my breath to grones.
Sorrow was all my soul; I scarce beleeved,
Till grief did tell me rou
George Herbert
Affliction poem
Author and Title:
How fresh, O Lord, how sweet and clean
Are thy returns! ev’n as the flowers in spring;
To which, besides their own demean,
The late-past frosts tributes of pleasure bring.
Grief melts away 5
Like snow in
George Herbert
The Flower
Author and Title:
These are thy wonders, Lord of power, 15
Killing and quickning, bringing down to hell
And up to heaven in an houre;
Making a chiming of a passing-bell.
We say amisse,
This or that is: 20
Thy word is al
George Herbert
The Flower
Author and Title:
These are thy wonders, Lord of love,
To make us see we are but flowers that glide:
Which when we once can find and prove, 45
Thou hast a garden for us, where to bide.
Who would be more,
Swelling through sto
George Herbert
The Flower
The practice of poetic craft, the ART of
Love, is fully realized as a form of spiritual discipline,
which is the art of LOVING God in whose poem?
George Herbert
Author and Title:
Love bade me welcome: yet my soul drew back,
Guiltie of dust and sinne.
But quick-ey’d Love, observing me grow slack
From my first entrance in,
Drew nearer to me, sweetly questioning,
If I lack’d any th
George Herbert
Love
Author and Title:
Good morning to the Day; and, next, my Gold:
Open the shrine, that I may see my Saint.
Hayle the worlds soule, and mine. More glad then is
The teeming earth, to see the longd-for Sunne
Peepe through the hornes o
Ben Jonson
Volpone
Author and Title:
Thy lookes when they to Venus did ascribe,
They should have given her twenty thousand Cupids;
Such are thy beauties, and our loves. Deare Saint,
Riches, the dombe God, that giu'st all men tongues;
That canst do
Ben Jonson
Volpone
What is Mosca's punishment in Ben Jonson's play, Volpone?
Slavery in the galleys
In the play, Volpone, whose punishment involves his fortune being confiscated and given to
the Hospital for the Incurabili, where patients terminally
ill from syphilis were cared for?
Volpone
Author and Title:
Let all, that see these vices thus rewarded,
Take heart, and love to study them. Mischiefes feed
Like beasts, till they be fat, and then they bleed.
Ben Jonson
Volpone
Which work is about the self-disciplining of
desire?
Volpone
Author and Title:
I Feare, I shall begin to grow in love
With my deare selfe, and my most prosp’rous parts,
They do so spring, and burgeon; I can feele
A whimsey in my bloud: (I know not how)
Successe hath made me wanton.
Ben Jonson
Volpone
Author and Title:
In seeking to reduce both state and people
To a fix’d order, their judicious king
Begins at home; quits first his royal palace
Of flattering sycophants, of dissolute
And infamous persons, which he sweetly term
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Which character in John Webster's play, Duchess of Malfi, is described as not so much a skeptic as a cynic, a malcontent,
because his ambition is frustrated?
Daniel Bosola
Author and Title:
’Tis great pity,
He should be thus neglected: I have heard
He’s very valiant. This foul melancholy
Will poison all his goodness; for, I’ll tell you,
If too immoderate sleep be truly said
To be an inwa
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Which character does this describe and from which work?
"observe his inward character: he is a melancholy
churchman; the spring in his face is nothing but the
engendering of toads; where he is jealous of any man, he
lays worse pl
the Cardinal
Duchess of Malfi
Which character does this describe and from which work?
The duke there? a most perverse and turbulent nature:
What appears in him mirth is merely outside;
If he laugh heartily, it is to laugh
All honesty out of fashion.
Ferdinand
Duchess of Malfi
Which character is the only real virtuous character in John Webster's Duchess of Malfi?
Bosola
Author and Title:
I do wonder you do not loathe yourselves.
Observe my meditation now:
What thing is in this outward form of man
To be belov’d? We account it ominous,
If nature do produce a colt, or lamb,
A fawn, or goat,
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
You would look up to heaven, but I think
The devil, that rules i’th’air stands in your light.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
Sooth, generally for women;
A man might strive to make glass malleable,
Ere he should make them fixed.
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
‘Faith, end here,
And go no farther in your cruelty;
Send her a penitential garment to put on
Next to her delicate skin, and furnish her
With beads, and prayer-books.
JOhn Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Author and Title:
Damn her! that body of hers,
While that my blood ran pure in’t, was more worth
Than that which thou wouldst comfort, called a soul.
I will send her masks of common courtesans,
Have her meat serv’d up by bawd
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
WHich character in The Duchess of Malfi begins to develop a conscience and says: I stand like one
That long hath ta’en a sweet and golden dream:
I am angry with myself, now that I wake. . . .
What would I do, were this to do again?
Bosola
In Duchess of Malfi, which characters falls prey to lycanthropy?
Duke Ferdinand
What is lycanthropy?
The ability or power of a human being to undergo transformation into a wolf
Author and title:
In a mist: I know not how:
Such a mistake as I have often seen
In a play. O, I am gone!
We are only like dead walls, or vaulted graves,
That ruin’d, yield no echo. Fare you well.
It may be pain, but no ha
John Webster
Duchess of Malfi
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the Sanguine Theory of humor and what does that mean?
The Duchess
full-blooded, robust, full of life
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the phlegmatic theory of humor and what does that mean?
Cardinal
impassive, unemotional, stoic
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the melancholic theory of humor and what does that mean?
Bosola
depressed, moody, cynical
Which character in The Duchess of Malfi was afflicted with the choleric theory of humor and what does that mean?
Duke Ferninand
angry, hot-tempered
Author and Title:
He gave us this eternal spring,
Which here enamels every thing,
And sends the fowls to us in care, 15
On daily visits through the air;
He hangs in shades the orange bright,
Like golden lamps in a green nigh
Andrew Marvell
Bermudas
Which poem achieves much of its force by contrasting the erotic
lushness of a garden with a wasteland and who is the author?
To His Coy Mistress
Andrew Marvell
Author and Title:
And you should, if you please, refuse
Till the conversion of the Jews.
My vegetable love should grow
Vaster than empires, and more slow.
An hundred years should go to praise
Thine eyes, and on thy forehead
Andrew Marvell
To his Coy Mistress
Author and Title:
But at my back I always hear
Time’s winged chariot hurrying near;
And yonder all before us lie
Deserts of vast eternity.
Thy beauty shall no more be found, 25
Nor, in thy marble vault, shall sound
My
Andrew Marvell
To His Coy Mistress
Author and Title:
How vainly men themselves amaze
To win the Palm, the Oke, or Bayes;
And their uncessant Labours see
Crown’d from some single Herb or Tree,
Whose short and narrow verged shade 5
Does prudently their Toyles
Andrew Marvell
The Garden
Author and Title:
No white nor red was ever seen
So am’rous as this lovely green.
Fond Lovers, cruel as their Flame
Cut in these Trees their Mistress name. 20
Little, alas, they know or heed,
How far these Beauties Hers ex
Andrew Marvell
The Garden
Author and Title:
Mean while the Mind, from Pleasure less,
Withdraws into its happiness:
The Mind, that Ocean where each kind
Does streight its own resemblance find;
Yet it creates, transcending these, 45
Far other Worlds, a
Andrew Marvell
The Garden
Which author wrote "On Mr. Milton's Paradise Lost"?
Andrew Marvell
Author and Title:
Many there be that complain of divine Providence for
suffering Adam to transgress. Foolish tongues! When God
gave him reason, he gave him freedom to choose, for reason
is but choosing.
John Milton
Areopagetica
AUthor and Title:
It was from out the rind of one apple tasted, that the
knowledge of good and evil as two twins cleaving together
leapt forth into the World. And perhaps this is that doom
which Adam fell into of knowing good and evil
John Milton
Areopagetica
Author and Title:
Truth is compared in Scripture to a streaming
fountain; if her waters flow not in a perpetual progression,
they sicken into a muddy pool of conformity and tradition.
A man may be a heretic in the truth; and if he bel
John Milton
Areopagetica
Author and Title:
I mean not tolerated Popery, and open superstition, which as
it extirpates all religions and civill supremacies, so it self
should be extirpate, provided first that all charitable and
compassionat means be used to wi
John Milton
Areopagetica
Why won't Milton tolerate Roman Catholicism?
Write an essay question or answer question outloud.
In Paradise Lost, what is the bard saying when he expresses an intention to
soar Above th’ Aonian mount?
Answer the question moron!
Author and Title:
And chiefly thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer
Before all temples th' upright heart and pure,
Instruct me, for Thou know'st; Thou from the first
Wast present, and, with mighty wings outspread, 20
Dove-like sat'st
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
Hear all ye angels, progeny of Light, . . .
Hear my decree, which unrevoked shall stand.
This day I have begot whom I declare
My only Son, and on this holy hill
Him have anointed, whom ye now behold
At my
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
Whom reason hath equaled, force hath made supreme
Above his equals. Farewell, happy fields,
Where joy for ever dwells! Hail, horrors! hail, 250
Infernal world! and thou, profoundest Hell,
Receive thy new possess
John Milton
Paradise Lost
A specific branch of theology and philosophy that attempts to reconcile the existence of evil in the world with the assumption of a benevolent God —ie. the problem of evil.
Theodicy
Author and Title:
[M]an will hearken to his glozing lies,
And easily transgress the sole command,
Sole pledge of his obedience: so will fall 95
He and his faithless progeny: Whose fault?
Whose but his own? Ingrate, he had of me
John Milton
Paradise Lost
The problem with theodicy
Answer please!
Author and Title:
They therefore as to right belonged,
So were created, nor can justly accuse
Their Maker, or their making, or their fate,
As if predestination overruled
Their will, disposed by absolute decree 115
Or high fo
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
The first sort by their own suggestion fell,
Self-tempted, self-deprav'd: Man falls deceiv'd
By the other first: Man therefore shall find grace,
The other none: In Mercy and Justice both,
Through Heav'n and Eart
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
The mind is its own place, and in itself
Can make a heav’n of hell, a hell of heav’n.
John Milton
Paradise Lost
Author and Title:
Let us . . . seek
Our own good from ourselves, and from our own
Live to ourselves, though in this vast recess,
Free and to none accountable, preferring
Hard liberty before the easy yoke
Of servile pomp. Our
JOhn Milton
Paradise Lost
What character does this describe: for within him Hell
He brings, and round about him, nor from Hell
One step, no more than from himself, can fly
By change of place.
Satan
AUthor and Title:
O goodness infinite, goodness immense!
That all this good of evil shall produce
And evil turn to good; more wonderful
Than that which by creation first brought forth
Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand,
John Milton
Paradise Lost
AUthor and Title:
And vengeance to the wicked, at return
Of him so lately promised to thy aid,
The Woman’s Seed; . . . he will dissolve
Satan with his perverted world; then raise
From the conflagrant mass, purged and refined,
JOhn Milton
Paradise Lost
Who says this:
Henceforth I learn, that to obey is best,
And love with fear the only God; to walk
As in his presence; ever to observe
His providence; and on him sole depend,
Merciful over all his works, with good
Still overc
Adam
Who says this:
This having learnt, thou hast attained the sum
Of wisdom; hope no higher, . . . only add
Deeds to thy knowledge answerable; add faith,
Add virtue, patience, temperance; add love,
By name to come called charity, the
Michael
Who in Paradise Lost is considered to be the Prince of Angels?
Michael
Who says this:
"O arguement, blasphemous, false and proud! Words which no ear ever to hear in Heav'n expected, least of all from thee, ingrate, in plave thyself so high above thy peers"
Abdiel
Who calls Satan a fool to rise up against God's omnipotence?
Abdiel
Who says "That though art happy owe to GOd. That thou continuest such owe to thyself. That is, to thy obedience: therein stand!
Raphael
Which character says this and from which work? "For how can hearts, not free, be tried whether they serve willing or no, who will but what they must by destiny and can no other choose?"
Raphael
Which angel in Milton's Paradise Lost is the affable arch angel?
Raphael
Which character in Milton's Paradise Lost rebukes Adam and says sex is not supposed to cause passion?
Raphael
Who is it that guides Satan to Earth?
Chaos
What do the good angels use in order to defeat Satan and his army in teh war between good and evil?
Mountains
How long did the bad angels fall after they were kicked out of heaven?
9 days
How do Sin and Death follow Satan to Earth?
They build a bridge over chaos
What does Death introduce 1st among irrational beings?
Discord
Who says "FOr He, be sure, in heighth or depth still first and last will reign sole king of His kingdom lose no part but by our revolt over hell extend HIs empire and with iron sceptor rule us here as with HIs golden those in Heav'n"?
Beelzebub
Which character in Paradise Lost is the gate keeper to paradise and has to kick Satan out of heaven?
Gabriel
Who does God send to teach man of the dangers they face so that they don't fall?
Raphael
Which fallen angel in Paradise Lost decides that they should all make the best of hell and not go to war?
Mammon
Which character in Paradise Lost wishes to be equal to God or at least annihilated in the struggle and openly bids for war?
Moloch
Which character in Paradise Lost wishes to wait and see what happens before the fallen angels decide to go to war with God?
Belial
HOw does God punish Satan for tricking Eve into eating the fruit?
He makes him a snake forever
What does the Son throw at the bad angels during the war of good and evil?
10,000 thunders
Which character in Paradise Lost feels bad for Adam and Eve and gives them clothes?
The Son
Which character does God say will block the mouth of hell with the bodies of Sin and Death at the end of time?
The Son
Who says "I yielded, and from that time see how beauty is excelled by manly grace, and wisdom which alone is truly fair."
Eve
Is it Adam or Eve who proposes suicide as a way of avoiding God's wrath in Paradise Lost?
Eve
Who is this passage describing: "His other parts besides, prone on the flood extended long and large lay floating many a rood in bulk as huge"
Satan
WHen Satan encounters Uriel in Paradise Lost, what does he transform into as a disguise?
a stripling cherub
Name the animals Satan uses in his ploy to corrupt man.
A bird
A toad
A snake
A lion
A tiger
According to which auther, women are “Lewd, Idle,
Froward [unruly, wilful] and Unconstant”
Joseph Swetnam
Author and Title:
Woman “was no sooner made, but straightway her mind
was set upon mischief, for by her aspiring mind [pride]
and wanton will [both lechery & wilfulness] she quickly
procured man’s fall, and therefore ever sinc
Joseph Swetnam
The Arrangement of Lewd, Idle, Froward and Unconstant Women
What three things must women be in order to fulfill the purpose fro which they were made according to Joseph Swetnam?
1. Silent
2. Chaste
3. Obedient
Author and Title:
’Tis not enough for one that is a wife
To keep[ her spotless from an act of ill:
But from suspicion she should free her life,
And bare herself of power as well as will.
’Tis not so glorious for her to be fr
Elizabeth Cary
The Tragedy of Mariam
Author and Title:
That wife her hand against her fame doth rear,
That more than to her lord alone will give
A private word to any second ear,
And though she may with reputation live,
Yet though most chaste, she doth her glory bl
Elizabeth Cary
The Tragedy of Mariam
Author and Title:
Even speaking to another man makes a wife a whore.
Like a nun, the ideal wife finds perfect freedom in slavery,
submitting her will entirely to her lord and master.
Remember Herbert’s struggle to submit his will to
Elizabeth Cary
THe Tragedy of Mariam
Which character is the following describing and who is the author?
But on some level she has internalized the oppressor, and
so she acquiesces in her own victimization. Her “perfect”
mind is free, but her beautiful body is food for wor
Mariam
Elizabeth Cary
Author and Title:
“it pleased our lord and savior Jesus Christ, without the
assistance of man, being free from original and all other
sins, from the time of his conception, till the hour of his
death, to be begotten of a woman, born
Aemelia Lanyer
To the Virtuous Reader
Author and Title:
If Eve did err, it was for knowledge sake;
The fruit being fair persuaded him to fall:
No subtle serpent’s falsehood did betray him; 55
If he would eat it, who had power to stay him?
Aemelia Lanyer
Eve's Apology in Defense of Women
What did Rachel Speght write?
A Muzzle for Melastomus
Author and Title:
FIrst in dishonoring of God by palpable blasphemy, wresting and perverting every place of Scripture that you have alleged, which by the testimony of Saint Peter, is to the destruction of them to do so.
Rachel SPeght
A Muzzle for Melastomus
Author and Title:
When night's black mantle could most darkness prove,
And sleep, death's image, did my senses hire
From knowledge of myself, then thoughts did move
Swifter than those most swiftness need require.
In sleep, a
Lady Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amphilanthus
Author and Title:
Diana (on a time) walking the wood
To sport herself, of her fair train forlorn,
Chanced for to prick her foot against a thorn,
And from thence issued out a stream of blood.
No sooner she was vanished out of
Richard Barnfield
Cynthia
Author and Title:
And, oh, no more; the likeness being such,
Why should they not alike in all parts touch?
Hand to strange hand, lip to lip none denies;
Why should they breast to breast or thighs to thighs?
Liekness begets such
John Donne
Sappho and Philaenis
Author and Title:
As flames do work and wind when they ascend,
So did I weave myself into the sense;
But while I bustled, I might hear a friend
Whisper, "How wide is all this long pretense!
There is in love a sweetness ready
George Herbert
Jordan
Author and Title:
I struck the board and cried, "No more,
I will abroad!
What? Shall I ever sigh and pine?
My lines and life are free, free as the road,
Loose as the wind, as large as store.
Shall I be still in suit?
d

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