Glossary of 1116 final

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Created by pbella

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The process of writing observation
always pen and paper handy, put the date, name, time and place at the top,
on the left for a running record you follow what the child says and does,
on the right hand side it's your interpretation.
Have a camera or draw sketches.

why play based observations is the key to discovering what we can learn about children?
because it is the childs natural environment, you can see how the followers and leaders are, and you can find out what they are interested in.
anecdotal record
done after the event, it is less detailed, and off the floor.
running record
more time consuming, detailed, done on the floor so you need an extra staff member and you continuously record the time.
biases in observations
leniancy error, severity bias, central tendency error and expectancy error
ethical decision making model
1. identify the ethical components of the decision-making situation.
2. identify the relevant principles.
3. list all of the consequences for everyone involved of giving each principle primacy.
4. classify the consequences as positive or negative.
5. choose the alternative that produces the least amount of avoidable harm.
6. act.
7. evaluate the action and the decision-making process.
8. assume responsibility for the consequences of the decision.

strategies for assessing principles
generalize (rule)
restate problem
guard against illicit topic changing
consider the role of the profession
nurture disagreement

leniency error
judging in an overly generous manner
severity bias
seeing child as overyly disruptive
central tendency error
evaluating all in same way
expectancy error
assumptions made about related behaviours not based on observation.
attitude, belief or feeling that helps to justify, unfair treatment of an individual b/c of his or her identity.
ABC observational technique
Antecedent (what events occured before the behaviour) Behaviour (describe the behaviour)
Consequence (what happened after the behaviour occured and how the child reacted)
why it is important to consider family culture when observing child's development?
so we can understand their actions better, as well as understanding their values to understand why they may play a certain way, behave a certain way.
5 components of observational skills

Why observation is useful
assess growth and development
stories to acknowledge efforts
sustain interests in projects
share info with others:
what children play about
developmental needs
questions children asking
preserving memories

why documentation
children sense experiences are worthy and valuable
families hear details of children's lives and teachers have window into co-teacher's thoughts
Code of ethics
use developmentally appropriate practices when working with children
demonstrate caring for children in all aspects of practice
work in partnership with parents to meet responsibilities to children
work in partnership with colleages and other service providers to support well being of families
work in ways that enhance human dignity
pursue knowledge, skills and self awareness to be professionally competent
demonstrate integrity in all professional relationships

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